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REPRESENTING A$5,000,000. A YEAR INDUSTRY W glAL CRANBERRY MAGAZINE ' uNX^ In This ssue Smallest Producing t |REGO6 N State -Has Highest Yield Per Acre. ^CHARLES S. BECKWITH N Lew Jersey State Cranberry Specialist 1VERNON GOLDSWORTHY Wisconsin Sales Company Manager BERTRAM E. TOMLINSON Barnstable County Agent CAPE COD JAMES O'BRIEN NEW JERSEY I Grayland, Washington WISCONSIN Ai OREGO N — WASHINGTON f, 20c i^j A"V i\ vs -'IimEt _1 WE MANUFACTURE ALL KINDS OF CRANBERRY EQUIPMENT Separators -Conveyors -Belt Screens -Blowers -Elevators -Box Shakers -Box Presses -Scoops -Snaps -Gas Locomotives -Wheel Barrows -Dusters -Vine Setters Vine Pruners -Pumps -Sand Screens -Turf Haulers -Turf Axes We Supply Motors -Gas Engines -Sprayers -Belting -Pulleys -Shafting -Axes -Picks Grub Hoes -Mattocks -Shovels, etc. CRANBERRYAN SEPARTG ADU--Blower B-Elevator B AILEY'S (Separator Patented March 13, 1923, U. S. Pat. No. 1448479) The main feature of the Bailey Separator is the provision for causing the berries falling from each separator unit to drop at a predetermined point on the bounding board of the next lower unit, so that the berries rebound accurately in a predeterminedpath. This is insured by the fluted feed rolls and the yielding BOX PRESSESrar D)O THE - I feed rolls and wipers are adapted to position elongated or ellip- tical berries, and cause them to fall sidewise instead of endwise. Any equivaled pointon the bounding a similar regulated or controlled delivery of the berries is an infringement onour patent. JOB 28wipers, const itutingelements the Separator ofunit. These fluted ESTBWRITE US TEL CARVERTiiinrdbtelue fe A ther y iRVER OUTH ESTABLISHED 1895 NOW IS THE TIME TO CONSIDER DUSTING OUR DUSTERS PENETRATE AND GIVE EVEN SPREAD -PRICES ON APPLICATION POWER DUSTER PUMPS 4-IN, 20-IN. H. SAND BARROWS PNEUMATIC -STEEL WHEEL R. BAILEY CO. GAL. CAPACITY PER MINUTE ESTAB. 1895 YOU Members of this Unique and truly Ameri- can Industry. Subscribe to this, YOUR OWN publication. Keep yourself informed of all the new devel- opments in the Cranberry world as they are brought to you by your own magazine. What's Going On In- Massachusetts New Jersey Wisconsin Oregon-Washington Each month of the year we will tell you. You can manage your bogs more efficiently if you know what's new among all your cranberry neighbors. S U B S C R I B E I M M E D IA T E L Y .of HAND DUSTER South Carver, Mass. Apple Advertising The apple growers of New England and New York are now starting a campaign to make Mr. and Mrs. Apple Consumer apple conscious. Growers in the Hudson Valley and Connecticut have pledged a sum in excess of $10,000, being one percent per bush on their crop, while growers of New Hamp shire and Massachusetts are con tributing $5,000 for advertising urose purposes_ 109 Year-old Apple Tree What is the most historic apple tree in North America? It is believed to be a 109 year old tree at Fort Vancouver in the state of Washingtonn. It still bears fruit annually and was set out in 1826 by the Hudson Bay company. Customer-Are yopu sure this parrot can talk? Dealer-Can he talk? Why, a woman's club sold him to me be cause all the members were jealous him. Three The VAEP \A/BRR iews the orld 2:::::::::::·::L:·::(·:·:·:·:·:·:·:::::ji#;Sj~~~~~ ~ ~l::iiiiiii~jiili::ljliij ::::::)::II:~~~~:3~·:·:·:·:·:·:,·:·:··:...:;.·.·.L·....;.; ~ :::i::::::::::i··· ~~~~~~ ~~~ ~i::::::!:i~~i8:::::::::::I:I~~~~l~i~~ii! ..-.... ................. :.: :·.·· ·-· ..........l is ii~:~~~iiI::~illi:riii ~ ........ lllii '::I:::::::::::::::::i::~.. iiii3::j~ ~ ::::::::::::'::''::I;': ........ :· ::::j·::::··:::~i~ijii''(f:ciifijiaI ~ ... iiii8 j~~ijii jii~i:j GO DILL r=^-o<z==o<:==o<:==o<=i==o<===o<^==>^ II L Good Will . .. is that element of value 0 0 A which inheres In the fixed and favor- 0 Aable consideration of customers arls-f ( ing from an established and well-U O known and well-conducted business. 53 SUPREME COURT REPORTER . . . PAGE 637 0 A 0 OPINION OF CHIEF JUSTICE HUGHES Q 11 +"ESTABLISHED"... Founded in 1861, C.W. Wilkinson's Sons is the oldest commission house in Philadelphia. +"WELL-KNOWN" ... Wherever fresh fruits and vegetables are produced, we believe this organization qualifies under the Supreme Court definition. +"WELL-CONDUCTED" ... Three-quarters of a century of continuous successf ul business life is proof of sound management. Shippers of Fresh Fruits and Vegetables will find that good will, which is the basis of all satisfactory business relations, working for them through every member of this organization. We'd like to serve you. (Ralph B. Clayberger) 134 DOCK ST., PILADELPHIA Five SUCCESS TO "C RA N B E RRIE S FORTUNATE ARE THE EDITORS TO HAVE CHOSEN THAT NAME; FORTUNATE ARE THE READERS TO HAVE A PUBLICATION DEVOTED TO THESE INTERESTS. "SUCCESS TO CRANBERRIES" A. D. MAKEPEACE CO. Wareham, Mass. Manufacturers of BANNER METAL TOOTH SCOOPS PYRETHRUM SPRAYS AND DUSTS Distributors of GROUND PYRETHRUM FLOWERS AND CARRIERS FINE SOAP AND FISH OIL SOAP BLACK LEAF 40; SULPHATE OF IRON WEED KILLERS; ARSENATE OF LEAD SODIUM CYANIDE (CYANEGG) w sIvONAL CRANBERRy Mt4 FRESH FROM THE FIELDS By C. J. H. Sanding The past winter with Spring Water With March Kelley of East Wareham, who On Ice its unusually prolonged Supplies bringing an ex-needs no introduction to Massachusevere spell of weather c e pt i o n a 11 setts growers, will do most of the gave cranberry bog owners of the heavy precipitation of rain, caus-bog visiting to assist growers in country, with the exception of ing disastrous floods th roughblems, both in Oregon-Washington an opportun-the East, growers anticipate little Barnstable and Plymouth Counties. ity to do more ice sanding than in chance of a water shortage for A group of Cape growers held a number of years past. And this frost flowage, at least at the start two or thiee meetings this spring opportunity was not neglected. of the spring season. Massachu-with Dr. H. J. Franklin at the Ice sanding was done on many setts reservoirs are filled to over-State Bog and Bertram Tomlinson, Massachusetts bogs last January flowing, and the same is true in Barnstable County Agent to advise and February on a large scale New Jersey. Happily, however, with the state men, as to how both by wheelbarrow and truck. this excess of water caused com-they might most assist the cran- It isn't too often that trucks can paratively little damage to dikes berry men this year. Among the get out on the bog ice, but this in general, although of course subjects discussed were the pre- year was the exception, and a some growers suffered washouts. paration of a greater number of number of the larger growers op-Wisconsin, which for the past few state and federal publications to erated small fleets of trucks for years has been suffering severely aid the grower. These projects days on end. Daily payrolls in from drought, with its usually were to include insects, weather some instances ran from $50.00 to beautiful lakes and streams far relations, cranberry variety studies, $100.00, and this money, expended below normal, has hopes of suffi-fertilizers, pumping plants and at a time when general work was cient water this spring due to rains weeds and their control. It is ex- very scarce in the Cape Cod area, and last winter's heavy falls of pected valuable new bulletins will assuredly did Massachusetts corn-snow. be released on some of these submunities at least a little good. ects this year. Bog management One manufacturer of sand spread-Mild in the While the rest of n its practical year-round phases ers said he sold more spreaders Northwest the nation suffered there up s was n beand tudy decidfe than in the past four years com-Oregon e should be study of this fea bined. * from cold, Oregon ture. bined. TprJ v rrnwG p d^ ^and Washington enjoyed a very A somewhat similar idea is being New Jersey Growers enjoyed an mild winter, at least in the cran-developed this spring and summer exceptionally long period of steady berry sections. In earl March, or the first timesprin Ocean summernty, sanding, and besides this more while the Wisconsin bogs were New Jersey. A meeting was called sanding on the vines was done last piled deep with snow daffodils b County A gentJ. B. Fawcett th Q-n^io-+}h^ p "S iep snow. clai~oans by County Agent J. B. Fawcett at fall this spring than in the past ten years. were at work. D. J. Crowley, state group of growers decided upon a No one in Wisconsin seemed to expert, states there was no winter program they would like to see remember when there was such a injury and spring conditions were carried out in connection with the long spell of 25 below zero weath-about average. There were early agricultural extension service. A er, with times when the glass hov-fall frosts in Oregon which put the committee of five men was nomiered much lower, as low as 52 be-Coos County bogs into a dormant nated to serve as a special com low. Hardly any work was pos-state much earlier than usual and mittee to work with the Countysible in that state after the middle it is expected to be of benefit in Agent. These are James D. Holof January because of extreme heavier production this fall. All mn Whitesville Charles Allen cold and snow, but from December fields were under winter flood Cassville; Walter Bell, New Egypt; until that date growers were there. Patterson, Laurelton, and •fflil1 andrld will1l hpbe there were in full bloom and weeders Tom's y River recently when ata steadily sanding. The work was John L. Patterson, Laurelton, and Sabine Otis, Tuckerton, who will done largely with trucks, and some State Aid to In Massachusetts confer with Agent Fawcett and of these trucks were loaded with the Growers plans have been Daniel McEwan Crabbe, Edward dredges. Wintera sandingi whic long completed Larrabee and George Kelley of is ther general practice in the for the spring work by the state West Creek of the Ocean County northern part of that state, was cranberry men. Bertram E. Tom-Board. handicapped by severe weather, linson, Barnstable County Agricul-In Wisconsin, L. M. Rogers will but a very thereural amount was Agent, to one half make at Wiscon- substantial is devote his headquartersdone even there. of his time to cranberry work, sin Rapids as usual and will be While next fall's crop may be through having an assistant to aid available to all growers on 'call slightly cut down because of this with his other agricultural activi-and will make his regular visits; unusual amount of sanding, it may ties. He will largely co-operate and H. F. Bain of the U. S. Dept. be expected to make its influence with Dr. H. J. Franklin of the of Agriculture will be in Wisconsin felt in the crops for the next few State bog in East Wareham in re-from early June until September. years thereafter. search and extension work. Joseph (Continue don Page 18) Seven OUR CRANBERRYx SCHOOLK But Does Oregon With 120 Bushels to the Acre Need a School? By ETHEL M. KRANICK Secretary, Coos County Cooperative Did you ever get a real thrill, in learning about some new and outstanding achievement of your own state, county or town? I did, and I must tell you about it! The State of Oregon has called for an Economic Conference, to make a survey of its agricultural products and their possibilities, and make recommendations for the guidance of her farmers. This is being done by counties. Such a conference is called every ten years. This Economic Conference has been the inspiration of a "Cranberry School" to be held in the Bandon, Oregon High school, and conducted by the Smith- Hughes instructor, Mr. M. C. Buchanan. All growers and inter ested persons were invited. My husband and I are associated together in the growing of cran- berries and, of course, were vitally interested. When arrived at we the school-house we were pleasant- ly surprised at the turn out for this meeting. Not only were there people who are growing ber- ries but many who are planning on making plantings in the near fu- ture. The meeting opened with the presentation of Government stat- istics in regard to the industry over the whole United States. And right here is where I began to feel pride in my own state and locality. Statistics as a rule are usually dry and uninteresting, but when I learned that Oregon could produce more cranberries to the acre than any other cranberry growing state, I began to wake up. As you prob- ably already know, Massachusetts, New Jersey, Wisconsin, Washing- ton and Oregon are chief cranberry growing states, in order of their acreage, with Massachusetts having 12,920 acres and Oregon only 150 acres. Yes, we are the smallest cranberry producing state, but- lets follow the figures into the next column, which is headed "Yield per Acre" and here we find Eight that Massachusetts produces 73.5 bushels per acre. New Jersey comes next with 26.7 bushels per acre. (Please note that this is but one third of that produced in Massachusetts per acre). Reading on, we find Wisconsin with 109.5 bushels to the acre and Washing- ton with 109.2, while Oregon holds the record with 120 bushels per acre average. The total average for the United States is 58.2. So you see Oregon has twice the aver- age or all our cranberry producing states. These figures are for the year 1935. The proporation is about the same for the previous years. Mr. Buchanan thought it would be interesting to make a check on local production as compared to national and state production. It was revealed from figures in the records of the local cranberry as- sociation files that the Langlois and Walstrom marsh, which is only 21/2 acres, has produced, at its peak of production 1100 bushels or 440 bushels per acre. This is out- standing! When the marsh was 20 years of age it had made an av- erage of 240 bushels per acre. just twice as much as the state average. At present the marsh is 26 years old and still maintaining a high productivity. Other marshes were checked with like results. The Bandon area is producing more than three times the national average and twice the state aver- age. Now isn't that something to be proud of? Of course it is only fair to state here, that part of this high average is due to new marshes coming into their best production. You may ask "Why haven't we heard more about Bandon and Coos County berries?" That is easily answered. In the Econom- ic Survey for Coos County in 1925, cranberries were not even men tioned. Figures compiled by my- self, the association secretary, from information gleaned from in- terviewing local growers, show that only 25 acres of berries were planted in all Coos County between the years 1885 and 1925, and that only 9 growers had made plantings. Between 1925 and 1930, nineteen acres more were planted with 23 men interested. Then between 1930 and 1936 about 25 acres more were planted or are being planted. There are about 40 men actively interested at this writing. Now Coos County is beginning to recognize the importance of this growing industry. The same old "dry statistics" revealed that in 1935 this section of the country had produced approximately 8000 bushels of berries which sold foe about $4.00 per bushel and gave the industry a value of $24,000 dollars to growers. This year has been a good year for price due to the fact that the total production has been less than the five year average. Many who attended the Pacific Internatiional Exposition in Portland were amazed at the size of the cranberries in the Coos County exhibit. Berries from new marshes are always larger than berries from old fields. But it so happens that new fields in this region have produced some exceptionally large berries, often measuring 3/4 to 1 inch in diameter, due perhaps to climatic conditions which appear to be ideal. Another interesting fact brought out by round table discussion, was that there still remains considerable suitable land for further development. At a rough estimate, perhaps 200 acres. Cranberries will grow only on acid peat land. Mr. Buchanan made the soil test using a solution of 4% solution of pure potassium thiocyanate in pure grain alcohol, and some peat samples from a nearby marsh. Varieties of berries best suited for this locality were also dis( Continue don Page 18) WISCONSIN MARSHES IN GOOD CONDITION TO BY VERNON GOLDSWORTHY MGR., WISCONSIN CRANBERRY SALES co. Wisconsin had one of its most severe winters it has had in a long time. For over a month the temp- erature was -never above zero and was usually in the twenties and thirties and we even had one re- cording of forty. With this ex- PRODUCE WELL this year in at least an experi- mental stage. Because last summer was quite wet, fern increased on many of the marshes in the state. To combat the fern several growers will buy large quantities of iron sulphate and apply it in both the liquid and powder form. form. Due to the fact that Wisconsin treme coldshas had two very successful years, snow and most of the marshes growers have had more money to were piled spend on the improvement of their The fact that Wisconsin cran- berry growers had plenty of water last fall to cover the vines com- pletely in everythesection of installed, State and lots of snow for addi- tional mean should protections that the cranberry vines should have come through the winter in excellent shape. The only real cause for worry appears to be that we might have had too much snow in some places with the result that the vines did not freeze solid, and there mightbe A some leaf-drop. the present it seems very time likelywe that some will have leaf drop in Wisconsin, but it should not be very extensive, The vines last fall were budded up very well and Wisconsin could very easily have a 75,000 barrel crop according to the budding, However, there are so many things that can enter into the picture it really is very difficult to even fore- cast a reasonable guess at this time. Fireworm has been increasing in Wisconsin and unquestionably will be a factor in Wisconsin's cran- berry production unless controlled. However, as the growers will have plenty of water in all cases it does not seem that this pest will make much, if any, inroads this year. False blossom has been increas- ing in Wisconsin, but not as fast as it has in the East. Wisconsin growers plan at the present to do more spraying than they have eve. done in the past on a yearly basis, property. Several new warehouses will be built this spring and sum- mer, a number of new mills will be and additional equipment around the warehouses will be stalled to facilitate packing opera- tions. The growers have not alone improved their packing houses, but in a large number of cases have made many improvements on the marshes so that at present the Wisconsin marshes are in better shape than they have ever been and should be set to produce berries consistently. Considerable new acreage will buniversity, spring. The varieties planted will be Searls Jumbo, McFarlin antd Howes in the order named. The present estimates are that about one hundred acres will be planted. Also several new marshes will be started in the spring. State cranberry work in Wiscon- sin will again be under Mr. L. M. Rogers who has handled the work in the past several years in a very highly satisfactory manner. Mr. H. F. Bain of the United States Department of Agriculture will be in Wisconsin early in June and stay until September. Mr. Bain has been working on the false blossom of cranberries and the storage of berries. His experi- ments have been very beneficial to the Wisconsin cranberry industry and we all hope to see it continued for many years. Another very important work of Mr. Bain is the *0 U \A \ r VERNON ODSWORTHY While a comparative newcom to the cranberr Vernon Goldsworthy of Wisconsin Rapids is now recognized as one of Wisconsin cranberry authorities. He has, for about two years, Wiscoinnsin Cranberry Sales of the American Cranberry Exchange which before had no manager. He attended the University of Wisconsin, and received both a B. S. and M S. degr versity He majored in enotomology and plant minored in horticulture. After finishing his studies at Wisconsin he taught science in the high school at Prairie de Sac. While teaching there and while attending Wisconsin university, he entered the cranberry field and at ant se inberry specialist and nursey inspector during the summer months. He wrote a master's thesis on "Cranb ested in athletics while at i esd coached the freshman scho and cocountry, as he was a lt m wi a ce He is now devoting his entire time to the cranberry industry, and will be a frequent contributor to this magazine. ____—— ant to Wisconsin growers as it is to the New Jersey growers, there is still very much that can be learned about the fertilization of cranberries. In Wisconsin, Prof. Musback of the University of Wisconsin is doing considerable experimental Ni^i 6ditWe_________ I SSUE OF WE MAKE OUR BOW ',; . —most Introducing ourselves with this issue, we present for your approval a monthlymagazine devoted solely to the best inter- ests of the cranberry industry. There are probably few businesses of the size of the cranberry industry which have not some representative publication. Workers of the cranberry world have not previously had such a periodical. It is our intent and hope to fill this void. This is not to imply that cranberryEgrowers and others dealing with the fruit are unorganized or lacking in cooperativespirit. Indeed, we pay great respect to the growers' associations, the cooperatives for selling, which were among the earliest to unite agricultural workers in a single group and which have done so much to improve marketing conditions, or to the efficient federal or state workers engagedin full or part-time assistance to cranberry growers, or to individual leaders. But there has been a segment missing to complete the circle. There has been no medium by which the individual growerscould keep informed of new developmentsthroughout the whole cranberry field; there was no medium through which re- search workers could address messages to growers everywhere, or medium by which growers themselves could get directly in touch with other growers. We expect CRANBERRIES to fill this need. It is not our purpose to work for the cranberry growers of Massachusetts alone against the growers of New Jersey or Wis- consin, or the reverse. We want to truly represent the growers of all the growing areas, whether on Cape Cod, which so far has led the industry, or in the smaller pro- ducing northwestern states of Oregon and Washington. We hope to promote ties which will bind all sections closer for mu- tual benefit. It is not our purpose to represent co- operative associations as against "inde- pendents," or canners against those who grow only for the fresh fruit market. It is our earnest desire to work with all who have the best interests of the industry at heart. We confidently believe we may be able to play a part in uniting growers and all those who have interests in cranberryculture, and that eventually we may be able to help in increasing cranberry con- Ten sumption, which after all is what we all desire. We will try to make this unique and truly American industry of greater value to all. With your support we believe we can do this. And we with to offer thanks to all who have assisted in any way in makingthis. And we wish to offer thanks to all who have contributed in any way to make this magazine possible. PILES GREW The smoke of the battle of last season's marketing has drifted away now, and growers are looking forward to this year's prospects. But some who held for too high speculative prices on last year's cropfind their vision obscured by piles of dumped berries held far too late in the year, and these heaps of rotting fruit represent real dollars. With one of the smallest crops in prospect last fall, the market opened at $9.60 a barrel, higher than for several years past and the same speculative spirit which finally broke the stock exchange was awakened in some growers and buyers. The cranberry market was good last fall. Some hoped it would get very much better. Rather than sell at a fair price, netting a fair profit, cranberries were stored away in screenhouses, and there was unusually heavy buying for speculative purposes. Growers were known to refuse $10.00 a barrel; they wanted $16.00-or more. Cranberries could be sold in the retail market at fiftten cents a quart. The higher price demanded by speculators was forcing the retail price up to 20 cents or more. With general conditions not too prosperous the country over, consumers decided they didn't want cranberries that badly. Cranberry Canners, Inc., and others cautioned growers against demanding an excessive price. This advice was not taken in general by those who had speculated. Sales fell off for the Christmas market. There followed a rapid dumping, a drastic drop in price, but there were too manybarrels left and too few buyers. The unwise holder who wanted too much, was forced to carry his crop too long. A considerable quantity of fruit MAY, 1936 was held over into this year. The grower who wouldn't take $15.00 a barrel for cranberries in the late fall, found his hold- ing had shrunk 50 or 60 percent, screen ing was slow and costly, and the final selling price about half what had previ- ously be en eoff ere^ d.WAREHAM, ously been offered. Like the colored man who bought young pigs for four dollars, fed them until ma- turity and then sold them for four dollars, the holders found there wasn't much profit in it. But unfortunate as this loss was to the individuals, a greater injury may have been done to the market. This matter of being too ambitious for large profits didn't leave a good impression. There has been some fear expressed that it may have an injurious effect on this year's buying. The remedy lies in sellers of cranberries this fall being satisfied with a fair marginof profit. A stable price, as is consistent with the size of the crop, will bring greaterbenefits to the cranberry growers than a wildly fluctuating market, even though abeautiful profit may be made by a few individuals for a comparatively few bar- rels of cranberries. CULTIVATED BLUEBERRIES Readers will notice that, although this is a cranberry magazine, we have incor- porated in it a section for the growers of blueberries. Blueberries seem to be about the only other agricultural product which has been developed profitably along with cranberries. Of course not all blueberry growers are also raisers of cranberries, but a great many are, and the two seem closely allied. Blueberry culture, thanks to Miss Eliza- beth C. White of Whitesbog, New Jersey, and others, has made considerable strides in that cranberry state. There are a num- ber now cultivating this big, handsome berry in Massachusetts; some in Washing ton and in Oregon. It would seem the growing of blueber- ries might be much more extensively gone into by cranberry growers as a side issue and by others. Therefore it is our ambi- tion to make this pursuit of greater inter- est, and we hope this magazine will proveof worth to the growers of blueberries as well as cranberries. o C Y PUBLISHED MONTHLY at the WAREHAM COURIER OFFICE, WAREHAM, MASSACHUSETTS, U. S. A. MASSACHUSETTS, U. S. A. Editor and Publisher LEMUEL C. HALL Associate Editor CLARENCE J. HALL Business Manager Subscription $2.00 per year Advertising rates upon application CORRESPONDENTS-ADVISORS New Jersey CHARLES S. BECKWITH State Cranberry Specialist Pembroke, N. J. _ Wisconsin VERNON GOLDSWORTHY Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin Washington-Oregon J. D. CROWLEY Cranberry Specialist Pullman, Wash. ETHEL M. KRANICK Bandon, Oregon Massachusetts DR. HENRY J. FRANKLIN Director Mass. State Cranberry Experiment Station East Wareham, Mass. BERTRAM E. TOMLINSON Barnstable County Agricultural Agent Barnstable, Mass. Eleven A . CRANBERRY GROWERS A cordial invitation is extended to inspect our improved models of DUSTERS _______________ and _______ Fertilizer Spreaders in various sizes to meet all requirements Hayden CranberrySeparatorMfg. Co. 367 Main St. Wareham, Mass. Telephone 497-W Easy-going Methods Outdated In New Jersey Greater Care Now Being Taken By CHARLES S. BECKWITH State Cranberry Specialist Cranberry growing in New Jer-set out easily. The process was not come soon enough. However, sey has often puzzled growers from simple. A dam was built and there were some outstanding sucother states. Visitors have been water held for two years to kill off cessful growers who followed this surprised to see stumps and weeds native vegetation, brush was plan. in valuable bogs. They have burned and trees removed. Ditches One grower felt that it was more wondered how profitable produc-were dug for drainage and the profitable to set out new bogs than tion could continue with no sand-vines set out. Bogs varied in it was to take extra good care of ing at all. They would almost in-elevation as much as six feet. In those already in bearing. In 1922, variably exclaim "Wouldn't it pay 4 to 6 years the bogs started to another grower expressed the to take better care of these bogs?" bear. What weeding was done was opinion that some day more in- They were also surprised to see selective in that only the worst tensive methods might become the crop produced. There seemed weeds were removed. necessary but for the time, the to be very little assurance that These methods may seem crude best plan was to hold investment careful work on a moderate sized but they were sufficient for success. per acre at a minimum. The bogs bog would be more profitable than It was possible to set out large lacked beauty but they did pro- the seemingly easy going methods areas with little capital and it took duce. of the large properties. There was but a few crops to pay all costs. Today the requirements are plenty of good land and available Of course, there was some chance somewhat different. False blossom water so that new bogs could be involved and at times the crops did has changed the picture consider- Twelve ably. No longer can bogs be set BARNSTABLE COUNTY ACREAGE REDUCED 798 oes and be al-out with cheap to fight grasseslowed 4 to 6 years to fight grasses Cape Cod Growers Facing Serious Problems and other weeds with little attenare tionexcept flooding. Such bogseasy prey for false blossom a false blossom County Agricultural Agent, Barnstable County and never do come intoA cNeither can a growersto thexe on crops of 20 barrels to the acre half his property, the rest prodc- ing nothing. It cost too much to iif only a small study of cranberry acreage from 1924 to 1934 shows the foi- lowing startling facts: In 1924 the g cranberry acreage in Barnstable County was given as 4,331. Ten ing over forty acres which was in the process of rebuilding. The owners, in their endeavor to find a practical method, were experimenting with three or four plans. It is evident that of the several to be tried out some methods will prove very satisfactory while others may prove expensive as well as unsatisfactory. Since many growers already face a similar problem, it would seem that immediate efforts should be made by research work ers to determine proper methods of bog renovation. Such work would be of great help to the cranberry industry. The seriousness of the weed problem can be appreciated by referring to the special report of the County Agricultural Agent for Barnstable County, which shows that 69 percent of the growers, b-: their own replies, indicated that weeds in the cranberry bog are a very serious factor in bog management. Comparatively little work has been done in research on this problem, though it is understood that a special investigator at the Cranberry Experiment Station, East Wareham, will concentrate on this work beginning in 1936. From observations already made, it seems that the use of chemicals in combating the various weeds offers the most promising solution of weed difficulties. For the most part, hand work in combating weeds on a large scale is out of the question, due to excessive cost. It is evident from the reports re ceived from the growers that control measures for the fruit worm are not entirely satisfactorily. This year losses caused by this insect range all the way from practically nothing to many growers losing practically their whole crop. We Have Listings of Cranberry Bogs, Large and Small R SALE Geo. A. Cole Agency Thirteew pera eis harvested. years later a special cranberry Rcenut remade isurvey showed that the acreage and b aRecently out anded, weeded has been reduced to 3,533, a reduc- set bogs are leveledsaued for false tion of 798 acres in the ten-year and the vines rogued fortimes period. These statistics present Leaf b hoppsers brco Somed. roughs lossomor three times. Leand food for serious thought to all two are rheld who are concerned about the cran- under control a nsiderablecare is exercisedkly berry industry. It is estimated the l will be that the average of bogs in the bogs Most ofdthem are too County would be about 40 to 50 roug.useof ground oyearrs.Due to changes in owner- b ar chines have been ship, programs for good bog e will management were neglected so introduced iand 1936 It is very that a large number reverted to pswidespread in 1e new deItvelop wild swamp growth. At the pres- possible that ent time many bog owners are dusters but a eir usmachin ded by other im- ment will be attended by othe t faced with the problem of con- provementsin some false blossom disease, in btrolling leventually these wi be moren. ableingcrop production. no Sanding ies more common now than it ever was before Continued cold weather and thick ice has furnished an exceptionally long period of work this past winter and it has been used to advantage. Not counting this, there was more sanding this year than has been usual in the last 10 years. Before that time, sanding was a rare. occurrence. It is too early yet to have any idea of the present condition of the bogs. We expect a general build- ing up of bog properties during the next five years but the results any one year are problematical. We know there will be more dusting for leafhoppers, more spraying foi rot, and more care in planting during 1936, and we hope for favorable results showing in the crop. I do not think that the re- duced crop during the last 10 years indicates that New Jersey is going to stop growing cranberries. There has been an extended period of re- adjustment to a new situation and there is reason to think that with addition to the many insect pests which appear annually to threaten the crop. It follows, then, that if the County is to retain its tradi- tional position as a great cran- berry-producing area, a great deal must be accomplished in encourag- ing growers to apply up-to-date methods of bog management. If such a program is not carried out effectively, it requires little imagi- nation to visualize the possible shrinkage in cranberry acreage. Thus far the Extension program has focused attention on the pre- vention of further spread of the false blossom disease. It seems now, however, that the time has come for an approach along other lines. In short, cranberry growers are facing a great problem of reno- vating or remaking old bogs which cannot possibly pay for the ex- pensive upkeep required in the production of high-quality cran- berries. Bog renovation opens up a great field as to proper pro cedure. Comparatively little has been done at the present time in the way of research to determine which method or methods may THE BLUEBERRY GROWER The 25th Anniversary of the Beginning of Blueberry Culture at Whitesbog, New Jersey BY ELIZABETH C. WHITE It was November 15, 1910, that the Bureau of Plant Industry of the United States Department of Agriculture issued Bulletin No. 193. Its heading announces B. T. Gallo- way as Chief of the Bureau. The letter of transmittal to the Honor- able James Wilson, then Secretary of Agriculture, was written by Wil- liam A. Taylor, Acting Chief of the Bureau. This bulletin carried the title "Experiments in Blueberry Cul- ture," and was written by Freder- ick V. Coville, Botanist in charge of Taxonomic and Range Investi- gations. It came to my attention through the list of Government publications which at that date was monthly sent to any citizen who requested it. Very soon after it was issued a copy of "Experiments in Blueberry Culture" was in my hands. It thrilled me with its explanation of the cause of the brown color of our bog water, and it clicked with the idea father and I had often di- cussed our of swamp huckleberries as an auxili- ary crop for cranberries. The bulletin gave a new slant to our a new slant to our discussions. I was in a position to give much time to the developing of a new crop for Frank Chambers had re- crop for rFrank Chambers had re- cently joined us at Whitesbog and could easily carry some of the work to which I had been giving muc time and strength. Association with the author of this bulletin would be of inestimable help in de- veloping blueberry culture and the unknown experimenter in Washing- ton certainly needed land such as Fourteen we had in abundance at Whitesbog, for 5 years for such labor as mayand co-operation such as father and be needed in the experiments, we I could give if his Chief's prophecy to have the proceeds from any crop that might be produced. were to come true. This prophecv shoaldm be p od ssist was expressed in the letter ofthe work by observation, reports, transmittal in which William A. Taylor wrote of Dr. Coville's ex- periments, "There is good prospect that the application of the knowl- edge thus gained will establish the blueberry in field culture and that ultimately improved varieties of these plants will be grown success- fully on a commercial scale." The carbon copy of that first lei- ter written twenty-five years ago and the succeeding correspondence have been carefully preserved in a fire-proof safe. When the first let- ter was written I was sure that it was of such importance in es- tablishing a new branch of horti- culture that the passage of time would give it historical value. This is the letter. New Lisbon, N. J. January 11, 1911 "B. T. Galloway, Chief, Bureau of Plant Industry, cultivating ,D.C. . Dear Sr: . I recently received from Wash- ington the report on "Experiments in Blueberry Culture," which I have read with great interest, and I write to make a suggestion in re- gard to future experiments. My father, Joseph J. White, is one of the largest cranberry grow- ers in the country, and on his prop- erty are considerable areas of land mirablyh fsuitedran to be rries judging by the way the wild ones flourish, My father authorizes me to offer experiments in blueberry culture, and is willing to pay $50.00 a year or in any way in my power. If you should at all consider this give you some r idea can perhaps to assist the Dept. of Agriculture in this matter, as I had the pleasure of showing him and two of his as- last fall. Trusting that this may receive favorable consideration, I am, Very respectfully yours, ELIZABETH C. WHITE" (signed) January 28th, ten days later, William A. Taylor, Acting Chief of the Bureau, wrote that the Department would probably accept our offer of co-operation which had been turned over to the author of Bulletin 193. On February 4th, Frederick V. Coville wrote saying that he would like to visit Whites- bog to look into the possibilities. The visit was made on March 1st, 1911. I am exceedingly sorry that Dr. Coville cannot be with us today. These first letters and his visit to Ne . a W b. w Lisbon and WhitesbogonMarch 1st, twenty-five years ago, marked the beginning of a period of co-operative experimentation of inte tense interest and remarkable re- suits. This co-operation closed when the new responsibilities falling on me after my father's death and the growing claims of blueberries as a commercial crop made it impossible for me to give the close personal attention to co-operative experiments, which characterized the earlier years of the work. 1 1 oCO<c=>o(oc)o)oo<2)ocDoc)oc< oc<ooDc)QCo< =Oooo> ,o o oo o o WHTESBOG BLUEBERRY NURSERIES iU The Conservation Nursery L LBLUEBERRY PLANTS-All varieties in commerce were developed at Whitesbog. Lo o FRANKLINIA ALATAMAHA-A rare, exquisite, fall flowering tree. U PNE BARREN PLANTS-Including Magnolia glauca, Ilex glabra (Ink-berry); O o Clethra alnifolia, pink or white; Gentiana porphyrio (Pine Barren Gentian);Li Lygodium palmatum (Climbing Fern). p o AMERICAN HOLLY (Ilecx opaca)-The experience gained in cranberry develop-( fl ment has been exercised in choosing extra fine types of Holly, superior in UII hardiness, beauty of foliage, and heavy production of berries. Matched a u plants from cuttings, well furnished and symmetrical up to 2-feet high suit-Li able for developing into specimens, formal plantings, hedges, etc. 0 U Write for Catalogue L Miss Elizabeth C. White can be secured for a limited number of informal talks,Lliked by Garden Clubs and similar groups. Subjects: "Development of Blue-o o berry Culture," "Picturesque Cranberry Culture," "An Acid Soil Garden," andI "Lovely Native Holly." [ JC9JOSEPH H. WHITE, Inc. W H I T E S B O C N E W JERSEYf o= >o>ro=oo==o--ooo<:= o o o o>oc=*oo o o o >oo o Those first blueberry years are a joyous memory. Encouraginge P n developments came thick and fast. C lutiVated Blueberry Plants Dr. Coville and I gloated over them R S A L E together, the enthusiasm of each Plants from one to five years old. All improved varieties. fanning to brighter flame that of Further Particulars other. l | thethe other. Mrs. Maybelle H. Kelley Without his presence today there Mrs. Maybelle can be no fitting celebration of this Tyler Avenue, East Wareham, Mass. Twenty-fifth Anniversary of the be-Telephone Wareham 112-2 ginning of team work with blue-._____________________ berries. The first five years of co-opera-size, reaching a diameter of over Thes two bushes were the partion covered the period of search half an inch. The color was an un-ents of one of the first extensive for superior wild bushes in New usually pale blue. In flavor the crosses made by Dr. Coville. It Jersey. At the time Dr. Coville berry was exceptionally good." was fortunate that these early and I joined forces his stock of Twenty-five years ago neither parents possessed the hidden qual- plants was represented chiefly by Dr. Coville nor I thought possible ity, which I have come to believe is seedlings raised from berries re-such larger blueberries than were rare in even the most carefully suiting from natural pollination on represented by the fruit of this selected wild blueberry bushes, of a selected New Hampshire bush. Brooks bush, but that very summer producing a small percentage of In Bulletin 193 he says that this of 1911 the Sooy bush was found offspring of a size and quality de- bush was "selected at Greenfield, by Ezekel Sooy just north of the cidedly superior to either parent. New Hampshire, after three sum-road passing his home between mers of cursory observation in the Browns Mills and Whitesbog. Its (Continued next month.) mountains of southern New Hamp-berries were as blue as those of *Editor's Note: This is the first shire and three weeks of diligent Brooks, and were larger. Many of installment of a paper read by search in the summer of 1908." them were 5/%of an inch in diam-Miss White before the annual Then after a detailed description eter as compared with /2 inch in tive Association at Pemberton of the bush and its foliage he diameter for the largest of the New Jersey, recently. Miss White states, "The berries were of large Brooks berries, (Continued on Page 20) Fifteen —TPOR A Few Notes From the Grayland District O P RIADS. In Washington State By James O'Brien, Sec'y The Grayland district is bounded Rates. five cents per word, no ad by Grays Harbor on the north, accepted niftirless thsaingl50 cweontd. Willapa Harbor on the south, the Advertiser may have mail sent Pacific Ocean on the west, and low to this office to be forwarded if hills to the east, an area having desired. Cash in advance except about 1500 acres of suitable bog land,aboutof which only about 200 acres Co thouldhbersent atleasthteo land,Cof whihould 00acrest weeks prior to publication. are in cranberries. Address, "CRANBERRIES," L. The tracts are all small, prob- C. Hall, Wareham, Mass., I. ably five acres, with from one- S. A. quarter to three acres in cranber- Reliable party will consider buy-ries. The McFarlin variety and a ing good bog seven or eight acres, few late Howes are grown here. near Wareham, Mass. Must have The predominating nationality full wint anderfrost flowage.r of the growers is Finnish, with a C, Wareham, Mass. colony of Swedish people and a sprinkling of Americans. Many of WANTED-Subscribers to this these people follow other occupa- magazine._________________tions, such as logging, longshoring, Do you want to buy or sell a fishing, and the building trades. bog, or some article or material With many of them cranberry used in cranberry culture. Try growing is just a side line, as the an ad in this column. It is the ONLY medium to reach those men work out on their jobs most interested in cranberries any-of the year and the women and where in the United States. children take care of the cranberry bog, weeding, spraying, etc. There are a few bogs which have l been in bearing about 20 years, but POWER YOUR BOG PUMPS most of them are from five to ten WITH A years old. These bogs are kept in very fine condition; not a weed can F O R D be seen. Each year some additional * acreage is put in. INDUSTRIAL MOTOR In general the growers here get LOW INSTALLATION COST I a very good yield. In 1934 a quar- LOW COST acre tract brought in 245 INSTALLATION ter LOW OPERATING COST quarter bbl. boxes! A 2-acre bog LONG LIFE in 1935 yielded over 1000 quarter bbl. boxes, besides some less by the LOWEST COST PER H. P. OF ANY IN-freeze. There have been many DUSTRIAL POWER PLANT . other yields as good. 20-50 HORSE POWER Ninety-eight percent of th3 growers here belong to the Gray- land Cranberry Growers Associa- SEE IT AT THE SPRING MEETING OF | tion, Inc., giving it a membership THE CAPE COD CRANBERRY GROW-of 84. (We ask if there is any ERS ASSOCIATION better organized district than this ?) The growers suffered a severe H. A. SUDDARD, INC. loss last season due to the lack of WAREHAM, MASS. pickers and an unprecedented early CARS & TRUCKS ....LINCOLNS freeze, which cut the total yield to FORD very little over two-thirds of the estimate. Nevertheless, the Asso- ALSO FIRESTONE PNEUMATIC WHEELS ciation shipped 22,500 quarter bbl. AND WHEEL BARROWS boxes under the 'lMist-Kissed" SAND _______________________________ label. The tips look favorable for a good crop this year. The winters are very mild here and winter damage is unknown. We are not able to flood our bogs and as yes do not have wind machines, so have to revert to peat fires to protect our crops during the spring frosts While the Finnish people deserve a world of credit for their industry and foresight in starting these bogs, we should not overlook our guiding hand, Mr. D. J. Crowley of the State Cranberry Experiment Station at Long Beach near here. Mr. Crowley is a very capable and hard worker, always ready and willing to help those of us who a few years ago had never seen a cranberry, except in the stores. Melvlle Beaton NOW General MgrI Of All Beaton Bogs Announcement was made this month by the John J. Beaton com pany, cranberry growers, of the ap pointment of Melville C. Beaton as general manager over all the Beaton owned bogs. The Beaton company is and has been for a number of years, one of the largest producers of Massachusetts, cran berries, with a number of large bogs in the general Cape Cod dis trict. This move leaves John J. Beaton with more time to devote to the in creasing business of Beaton s Dis tributing Agency of Wareham, Mass., which is the largest inde pendent distributor of Cape Cod cranberries, and a firm which is widely known in the cranberry trade. The elder Mr. Beaton will now devote his full time to dis tributing for the growers who dis pose of their crops through the agency, while his son will have complete charge of the manage ment of the Beaton bogs. Sixteen Weekly Pay Bill For Mass Pickers Undergoes Defeat A legislative bill to compel cranberry growers of Massachusetts, along with tobacco growers to pay weekly all persons temporarily en- gaged in harvesting was defeated recently in the Massachusetts leg islature. The vote was turned down by a vote of 55 to 33, after several lengthly debates. The bill was favored chiefly by Leo E. J. Carney of New Bedfordl, while Senator D. W. Nicholson of Wareham spoke against the measure, declaring it to be unnecessary and that it would be detrimental to the cranberry growers of his dis- trict. While some Massachusetts bog owners do pay weekly, a great many do not for a variety of reas- ons pay until the end of the picking season, although it is customary for many growers to give pickers advances on their pay if they re- quest it. USE CRANBERRY BOG RAILWAY OUTFIT ON WPA GRADING PROJECT A cranberry bog railroad outfit is now being used on a WPA project in Middleboro, Mass., where the local high school baseball field is being regraded. The outfit used is one owned by Russell A. Trufant of that town. Progress previously was considered too slow with the old system of three men to a wheelbarrow, two shovellers and one wheeler. Trucks required a wide working area for turning at each end of the field. The bog railroad, however, moved all the subsoil cut and fill over a working area not much wider than the track itself for the expense of a single truck. Mr. Trufant feels that perhaps cranberry men could be more alert to using their special equipment in other lines of work and thus reduce the overhead cost on this equip- ment. ' FROST FRUIT AND PRODUCE COMMISSION MERCHANTS 319 WASHINGTON STREET NEW YORK, N. Y. Esablished 1865 We extend our congratulations to the cranberry industry in now having its own publication, and wish this magazine every success. ———- _ r DecasCran erry h Growers C ippers Wareham, Mass. -_ _.. WE EXTEND OUR BEST WISHES TO THE CRANBERRY GROWERS NATIONAL BANK OF BUZZARDS BAY BUZZARDS BAY, MASS. Seventeen Our Cranberry School (Continued from Page 8) cussed. The experienced growers in this infant industry vouched the opinion that the McFarlin and Stankavich berries were the most outstanding because of their color and size coupled with good keep- ing qualities. There is room for more plantings of both early and late Howes. These can be scooped and have excellent keeping quali- ties. One large marsh has a very successful planting of this variety. It might be well to note here that the Coos County Cranberry growers have a successful Co-op- erative Marketing Association, which has been in operation since 1930 with Mr. A. T. Morrison of Bandon as its President. There will be a total of ten meet- ings in our Cranberry School, and such topics as Co-operative Market. ing, Establishing Bogs, Disease and Insects, Irrigation, etc.,a will be discussed. We are even going so far as to compile a bulletin of Cranberry recipes and try out some at our meetings. Just to make things jolly and sociable at our next meeting we are going to make some Cranberry Sherbet and feed our "tummies" as well as our minds. We growers are heartily in favor of the "Cranberry School" and although we may not represent all of Oregon, we do represent 33% of this industry in Oregon and we believe that we can make our state proud of what we can do down here. AAA Chaos The agricultural legislative situa- tion in the country is to put it mildly, in a chaotic state. The Supreme Court months ago found the AAA unconstitutional and the new "soil conservation" bill seemed to be understood not even by those who framed it. Dutch Elm Disease Vulnerable elm trees-nearly a million and a half of them in the area threatened by the Dutch e'm disease, accidentally brought into this country in 1930, have b ' marked for destruction by Govern, ment crews. It would be very difficult to estimate in terms of dollars and cents the value of these beautiful trees endangered by thss imported illness. _ JL>INA i^ L^ lv 1^ I I For Business JLM This Bank has money to loan for constructive business purposes. Loans to Cranberry Growers and other customers are one of the most effective ways this Bank has of serving the community. These loans are repaid ordinarily at the end of a season and the money reloaned to other enterprises-thus keeping at work the local reserve funds, to create employment and promote activity. ——_______________ THE NATIONAL BANK OF WAREHAM Fresh From the Fields (Continued from Page 7) Soil Conservation A brief has In New Jersey been prepared by a committee of New Jersey growers and offered to the State Commit tee on soil conservation pointing out that the cranberry industry is very important to Ocean, Burlington and some other New Jersey measures that would enable the growers to maintain or build back the productive ability of their bogs these countiesT e bief ta that Jersey yields havebeen cut from 200,000 barrels annually to less than 100,000 Bec itthe included Charles S. Agent Fawcett, J Daniel M. E. Crabbe and Theodore Budd. Most Cape Cod bogs Outiook are now drained of the winter flood and th attention of the growers will ,hortly be upon frosts. The spring een somewhat below normal in temperature witar esr ecialli of January and March, and April has also brought heavy rains. The ount falin in January as re corded at the Sta ea e a 2 nMa 6.97. so reservoirs are amply supplied. F—•—E.B. 1ideout of the 'State Weather Bureau at Boston sometime ago predicted sub-normal ^bu startin_ about May 10, which coincides with the beginning of spring frosts, there will in all probability be a temperature rise. He forecast that the remainder of the month and June would be unusually warm. This forecast checks with one made locally, that a very frosty spring will not materialize, at aspect that this is based upon is that sun spots are not numerous at this time. However, growers will know more about this later. N considerablnewbogisbe- Bog ing put in on the Cape area this spring. It is estimated at 60 or 70 acres. Among those adding to their acreage are John J. Beaton, Ruel Gibbs, Carl Urann and John Howes at Middleboro. Winter Some winter kill has de- Kill veloped, it now appears, Eighteen THE CANNERS' BENEFITS OF CANNING support, will keep the price from going too low. The small grower The evidence tells the story, and and the big grower must all unite. this year's evidence of the benefits The advertising campaign for derived from canning is a pretty fresh cranberries promised to be good example of its necessity to of great benefit in moving the the industry. It has the support crop. Retailers were provided with of growers producing 80%Nof the attractive window strips, posters, world's crop. It needs the support and advertising literature. They of all growers to be of the greatest had pledged their support in giving possible value. cranberries extra sales effort. They kept their word and pushed cran- This year's record shows Cran- Thisr yanerswordh Cn-berries until the growers' prices berry Canners was worth $1,000,- 000 to cranberry growers. Every made 20c retail necessary At 20c, grower received $2.00 a barrel retailers met consumer resistance, more for his berries because so turned their efforts from cran- many growers united in Cranberry berries to other products. Canners to sustain the market. Many buyers were left with oThetotalcropisnowginasberries which spoiled. They lost 479,800 bbls., of which 90,000 money. This developed ill will bbls. were canned, so 389,000 bbls.il not soon were sold fresh. According to o rgoten. statistics, 400,000 bbls. would sell The grower is dependent on the for $10.00 a bbl. retailer to sell his crop. At $10.0 Knowing the canning company a barrel, which means 15c a lb would remove enough berries to Above th4at0piceb.t metsconsum- bring the total down to 400,000 Aoeresistance, an loees retailer bbls., an opening price of $9.60 was support. named. Cranberry Canners bought There is an active consumer de- heavily in September to stabilize mand cranberries at a forStates, reason- the market and to pass over the able price.n- usual warm spell and market slump which comes in October. But berry sauce being sold all thethe consumers are more cranberry- growers withheld their berries, minded than ever before, and ready which caused an advancing market for fresh cranberries when they to a dangerous level, appear on the market. But cran- In December the price reached berries are not an absolute neces- $18.00 a bbl. Up to that time, sity, and can be sold only at a Cranberry Canners had continued reasonable figure. Surveys show taking berries off the market to 15c is the popular price. This year sustain the price. But by the 17th it reached 30c, and caused consum- of December, with growers still ers to stop buying. persistent in selling at unsound It is the growers' duty, and prices, with canning factories sound business requires, we give supplied for the season, and with consumers quality cranberries and its canning members' crops sold, keep a steady flow of berries to Cranberry Canners withdrew its market. support from market. Canning is the the The sapartment next day the price dropped, and insure bothese desirable obie has continued to drop until now berries are selling below $6.00 a barrel. CANNING NOTES We want orderly distribution and a $10.00 price. A higher price Ocean Spray Cranberry Juice means 18c to 20c retail, and con-Cocktail sales for March reported sumers will not buy at that price. 300%O more than March a year ago. Cranberry Canners, with grower People are drinking as well as eat- PAGE ing cranberries. When Cranberry Canners' research department brought out Cranberry Juice Cocktail and merchandised it so successfully, they did a real job for the cranberry growers. In two years' time, sales for Pineapple Juice exceeded those of pineapple in all other forms. Cranberry Juice mixed half and half with pineapple, makes pineapple ten times as good. Cranberry Canners, Inc., of South Hanson, Mass., grower- owned canning company, is carry ing 10,000 barrels of frozen cranberries in storage to be made into Cranberry Sauce and Cranberry Juice Cocktail for spring and summer demand. Cool, tart flavor, and light digestibility of cranberry products makes them tremendously popular during hot weather. So, the cranberry season is lengthened. Whereas the grower formerly had to sell all his cran berries fresh in a few weeks in the U nitedi only na part of the e Sad, nonow Shis and Juies are made into Sauce and Juice, sold every day in the year, all over world. There are 29,000,000 families in the United States. 13,000,000 of them have incomes of less than $1000 a year. They do not and cannot buy fresh cranberries. In years of large crops, Cranberry Canners can sell canned cranberries to these families, thus helping remove a surplus crop and sustain the price of fresh cranberries to growers. It is estimated it would require 100,000 bbls. of berries to supply hous dwellers in the cities of the United States. They have no facilities for home cooking, but want a ready-to-serve Cranberry Sauce. This is a wonderful market which cranberry growers can reach only by canning a portion of their crop. It is insur ance for a fair price on large crops. Nineteen Verdict Against Cranberry Grower Grass Clipping Equipment WE ARE HEADQUARTERS FOR s an aftermath of the great Cape Cod cranberry strike of Whether you are in the market for a clipper, 1933, court proceedings were power plant, cable reel, or a length of cable, we brought in the Massachusetts power'~ plant, ~courts at Plymouth recently against have it. a Carver cranberry grower, which resulted in the awarding of dam- We are manufacturers of the Cesco clipper. ages against the grower. This was the case of Alfred Gomes of Onset The clipper with 50 % more power per blade than against Herbert Stanley, veteran any other. Built in 3-4 6 blades sizes. Light in grower, the former having lost two fingers of his right hand in one weight. of the riots which accompanied the strike. Write us for more details. Gomes, a picker, was awarded the sum of $1,500 by a jury in Plymouth Superior Court for the injuries which have prevented him from working, although the sum Central Electric Service Company named was in the amount of $50, RAPIDS WISCONSIN000.WISCONSINAn appeal against this ver dict for a new trial was immediately entered in Mr. Stanley's behalf by his counsel, J. Frank Kiernan of Wareham. This was the case which aroused great interest and sympathy JL I ^^among growers at the time, as Mr. ^ 1 Stanley, a selectman of Carver The ideal diluent for dusting-Does not absorb moisture-Never becomes and a rather elderly man, was lumpy or hard. Does not "cake" or "arch" in dusting machine-badly "beaten up" by cranberry Always remains fluffy and smooth. strikers while defending his prop- Details, together with samples, furnished upon request. erty against the trespass of a UNITED CLAY MINES large group of strikers. C O R P 0 R A I T 0 N The defense contended that Mr. Trenton, New Jersey Stanley was carrying a shotgun ._________________________________________________________________. for intimidation purposes, and that he was attacked by several when he warned the men off his prop ._________________________________ .establishing cultivated blueberries.d the n discharged The importance of Whitesbog, dis-erty and the gun was discharged Best Wishes for tinguished by being a government accidentally. An argument used the success of post office to care for mail incident to prove this was that the wounds ihe success 0o to blueberry development, is well on the plaintiff's hand were such attested to, by the fact that in 1916 as would be caused by a gun being The Cranberry 21 bushels were raised, bringing in New a gross of $115.00 while in 1935 fired at close range. Mr. Gomes GrowersP total gross receipts of the associa-contended that he was fired upon Publication tion had reached the sum of -180,. as he stood among a group of 50 623 from 7,040 bushels of cultivated or 60 men some distance away. If PLYMOUTH COUNTY orporation "tion of t ishe known. this had been the case, the defense ELECTRIC CO. Miss White is now vice president asserted, the shots would have Wareham Plymouth of Joseph J. White, Inc., her father scattered and Mr. Gomes would Buzzards Bay having been head of these foremost have been wounded in other places having been head of these fore most cranberry bogs, begus in than the hand and others woul EDITOR'S NOTE 1857 by James A. Fenwick, since probably have been hit also. 1882 until his death in 1924 The plaintiff brought out that (Continued from Page 15) Franklin S. Chambers, president of if Mr. Stanley had not intended to is the daughter of the late Joseph Inc., of New Jersey, has beennot have been J. White, and both were leaders in president since that time. loaded and cocked. Twenty Hardie horse drawn portable sprayers are built in a wide range of sizes. Interchangeable steel or wood tanks, steel or m i nozzle typrubber wheels, with and without steel dust hoods. Roller bearings on axles make for light draft on any ground. Capacities from 6 to 50 gallons per minute at pressure from 300 to 800 lbs. per square inch. Hardie stationary or "skid mounted" sprayers for fixed installation or for transporting on truck or wagon are supplied with pump engine and tank in all sizes and capacities, with and without steel dust hoods. Hardie sprayers put money into the cranberry grower's pocket by increasing yield and quality at low cost. The Hardie today provides thoroughness in spray application with speed and economy never before equalled. Coil cooling system eliminates troublesome radiator. All pumps maintain rated capacity and pressure at low speed. Here is the really perfected, fully equipped sprayer. See the Hardies before you buy. Write for catalog showing 40 sizes and styles of portable and stationary Hardies powered by truck, tractor, gasoline engine or electric motor, delivering 3 to 50 gallons per minute at 300 to 800 pounds pressure per square Hardie spray pumps have an un equalled record for pressure, capacity, inch for every spraying job. Whatever the size of the bog or the low operating and upkeep cost. Every spraying problem there is a Hardie to exactly meet the require-moving part runs in a bath of filtered oil-even the plungers are fully lubriment. Improved, high-efficiency spray guns both single and cated. Big over-size die cast replaceable multiple nozzle types. Hose, fittings, parts. Engineering counsel bearings. Porcelain-lined plunger tubes. multiple ozltp.HefiigpaPositive pressure regulator. Special al- on special installations. Almost a half century of building and loy valves. Every Hardie ever sold has operating sprayers in the world's leading fruit centers is back of a long record of service without a cent for replacements or repairs. By any test every Hardie. the Hardie spray pump is the most ef ficient and economical in the market. THE HARDIE MFG. COMPANY -HUDSON, MICH. Branch Factories, Sales and Service Offices: PORTLAND, ORE. -LOS ANGELES, CALIF. -KANSAS CITY, MO. -JACKSONVILLE, FLA. BROCKPORT, N. Y. -NEW YORK CITY -Export Department: DETROIT, MICH. DEPENDABLE SPRAYE RS Twenty-one Cranberry Sales Company secures for its members the benefits of cooperation without which the marketing of perishable crops, especially those which are not classed as necessities, -is a hazardous undertaking. Through its alliance with similar cooperative organizations in New Jersey and Wisconsin it is able to employ effective agencies for distributing the crops of the affiliated companies to the best advantage of all concerned. Among these agencies Advertising is of high and proved importance, but its effectiveness is proportional to the effort expended. Every cranberry grower who raises sound fruit and who packs it carefully can boost the advertising campaign by joining the appropriate Sales Company. New England Cranberry Sales Company L. B. R. BARKER, President A. D. BENSON, Treasurer Headquarters at 9 Station St., Middleborough, Mass. Twenty-two Marketing through reliable resentatives in every cistributing center in United States, Canada, aswell as to United Kingdom STREAMLINED AIR-CONDITIONED MANUFACTURED FROM SHATTERLESS SPRUCE Unexcelled Service Maximum Net Returns Prompt Settlements Liberal Advances Arranged When Needed Ask Those Who Have Used It We Solicit Your Account Also Jobbers of Grower's Supplies, Insecticides Such as Pyrethrum Dust Gypsum Arsenate of Lead -Red A. 2.2 Red A. Soap Nicotine Sulphate Fertilizer Sulphate of Iron Pumps and Power Plants Box Nails, etc. BOOK YOUR REQUIREMENTS EARLY FOR PROMPT DELIVERIES Phone Wareham 30 Housewives chefs dietitians tell why: Canned Cranberry Sauce is ready to serve. 2. Economical The canned is low cost. Available every day in the year in every market. 4 Blended with vine-ripened cranberries rich in flavor and food value. 5. Appealing dark red color. 6. A molded Sauce is attractive to serve in many wayso 7 Easily digested--helps the digestion of other foods. 8. Perfect accompaniment for chicken, turkey, and 9. Reliable for good quality. Grower-backed canning company means much to consumers. 10. Ocean pray, the growers' own brand, has consumer confidence. 11 Cranberry Canners' merchandising methods have brought grower, dealer, and consumer into relationship Cranberries -The National Cranberry Magazine -link page Cranberries -The National Cranberry Magazine -link page NEXT....................Cranberries -The National Cranberry Magazine June, 1936 GO TO INDEX
|Title||Cranberries - The National Cranberry Magazine, 1936-05|
|Subject||Cranberries - The Magazine;|
|Rights||2008 Wetherby Cranberry Library;|
|Submitting Institution||Wetherby Cranberry Library;|
|Coverage-Spatial||Cape Cod; New Jersey; Wisconsin; Oregon; Washington|
|Creator||Bob Taylor; Carolyn Gilmore; Carolyn Laban; Irving Demoranville; Phillip E. Marucci; Elizabeth G. Carpenter; I. V. Hall; Arthur Poole; Azmi Y. Shawa, Tod D. Planer; Dan Brockman; Joan E. Humphrey|
|Date Last Updated||2008-07-31|
|Relation||Cranberries - The National Cranberry Magazine|
|Description||The magazine entitled, “Cranberries – The National Cranberry Magazine,” describes grower information, regional news, and developments in the cranberry industry in the United States and Canada.|
|Publisher||Wareham Courier Office|
|Rights||2008 Wetherby Cranberry Library|
|Submitting Institution||Wetherby Cranberry Library|
|Creator||Cranfest; Warrens Cranberry Festival|
|Date Last Updated||2008-10-15|
|Relation||cranfest recipe brochures|
|Description||For more photographs like this one, visit the Cranberry Library Photostream on Flickr at: http://www.flickr.com/photos/cranberrylibrary/sets/|
|Publisher||Cranfest; Warrens Cranberry Festival|
REPRESENTING A$5,000,000. A YEAR INDUSTRY
W glAL CRANBERRY MAGAZINE
uNX^ In This ssue
t |REGO6 N State
-Has Highest Yield Per Acre.
^CHARLES S. BECKWITH
N Lew Jersey State Cranberry Specialist
Wisconsin Sales Company Manager
BERTRAM E. TOMLINSON
Barnstable County Agent
CAPE COD JAMES O'BRIEN
NEW JERSEY I Grayland, Washington
OREGO N —
i^j A"V i\
WE MANUFACTURE ALL KINDS OF CRANBERRY EQUIPMENT
Separators -Conveyors -Belt Screens -Blowers -Elevators -Box Shakers -Box
Presses -Scoops -Snaps -Gas Locomotives -Wheel Barrows -Dusters -Vine Setters
Vine Pruners -Pumps -Sand Screens -Turf Haulers -Turf Axes
Motors -Gas Engines -Sprayers -Belting -Pulleys -Shafting -Axes -Picks
Grub Hoes -Mattocks -Shovels, etc.
CRANBERRYAN SEPARTG ADU--Blower
(Separator Patented March 13, 1923, U. S. Pat. No. 1448479)
The main feature of the Bailey Separator is the provision for
causing the berries falling from each separator unit to drop at
a predetermined point on the bounding board of the next lower
unit, so that the berries rebound accurately in a predeterminedpath. This is insured by the fluted feed rolls and the yielding
feed rolls and wipers are adapted to position elongated or ellip-
tical berries, and cause them to fall sidewise instead of endwise.
Any equivaled pointon the bounding a similar regulated or
controlled delivery of the berries is an infringement onour patent.
28wipers, const itutingelements the Separator ofunit. These fluted
CARVERTiiinrdbtelue fe A ther y iRVER OUTH
NOW IS THE TIME TO CONSIDER DUSTING
OUR DUSTERS PENETRATE AND GIVE EVEN SPREAD -PRICES ON APPLICATION
PUMPS 4-IN, 20-IN.
PNEUMATIC -STEEL WHEEL
R. BAILEY CO.
YOU Members of this Unique and truly Ameri-
can Industry. Subscribe to this, YOUR OWN
Keep yourself informed of all the new devel-
opments in the Cranberry world as they are brought
to you by your own magazine.
What's Going On In-
Each month of the year we will tell you.
You can manage your bogs more efficiently if
you know what's new among all your cranberry
S U B S C R I B E I M M E D IA T E L Y
South Carver, Mass.
The apple growers of New
England and New York are now
starting a campaign to make Mr.
and Mrs. Apple Consumer apple
conscious. Growers in the Hudson
Valley and Connecticut have
pledged a sum in excess of $10,000,
being one percent per bush on their
crop, while growers of New Hamp
shire and Massachusetts are con
tributing $5,000 for advertising
109 Year-old Apple Tree
What is the most historic apple
tree in North America? It is
believed to be a 109 year old tree
at Fort Vancouver in the state of
Washingtonn. It still bears fruit
annually and was set out in 1826
by the Hudson Bay company.
Customer-Are yopu sure this
parrot can talk?
Dealer-Can he talk? Why, a
woman's club sold him to me be
cause all the members were jealous
The VAEP \A/BRR
iews the orld
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