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SERVING A $20,000,000 A YEAR INDUSTRY ( A< L CRANBERRYMA 4 Jp :y;·U~~~~~lo""""l~~~~~~f""'""""""E~ ~ 44 "" u72 vI~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~-l 'l ._i~,ii_:iii'-i;' jotA AL~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~'KK | _-| k!_ S...'.'.'.... S| | ~~~~~. _X/s~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~.. ..... ...........'.. tD/}A\ww| | ,S:S,:&','s~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~st~~~ss xs ~............ ^:i::::sss&2s2s.....s. X&.5...2........ x\ISIt:::i:.:sss. .... 2.x~s 2S ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~4'4 ''E-s-"K2.'"' = ---s-s.;2 vX ............ .E;gy: E.s ....*x. ............................................. g . -. ..-. Eg- 2 :- ............ :s:.:::i s-: :::::i~~~~~~~~~~:::::::::::::::::::::::::.:::::::::::::::::j::::i:::i::S::: ,z~z>:k::.::::::,:,::: >s ;...1....1..~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~..... 2XQUW~~~~tL.. s. 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DA a~ii':~~~~ CAP95OCB ... ... . ...... s·~~~~~~~~~~~~:, ......... ........... ....~ ~ ~ j·::::::::s::~ j . ..... ........ ~ ~ ~~~-· ........i~: ... ... .. . ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ :~~~:~~~::;~~~~: ~Q L ...-.~ ..~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ....~ ~~"..~S ·~~~~i~~-~~~·:...... .. . ...... ......................... · .......... CANADA . .. ... ...... . .....-. . . ",~::::~ VVISCO W EJE RSY ~~~~~~~~~~~.... ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~...... :::~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~::~~~~~~~~~:::~~~~~~~~~~ NSIN~~ ........... .................. .... WASH INGTON Cranberry~~~~~~s. ...... .. .... ................. (See '==2. 'K",s CliniclW§....'KIng....Massachusetts:|' Page 2) (Cranberries Photo)~~~~::, 4\# _.. ...... . Cranberry Clinic In Massachusetts (See Page 2) (Cranberries Photo) 35 Cents JULY 1959 Warcester Paper CRANBERRY Box Corporation GROWERS Choose and Use MEDFORD, MASS. Niagara Dusts, Sprays and Tel. MYstic 8-5305 Dusters ofI of111 Nigrai . iagara Chemical Folding Cartons Division and Food Machinery and Chemical Corporation Displays Middleport, New York New England Plant and Warehouse .___________ _ __ .Ayer, Mass. Tel. Spruce 2-2365 WATER WHITE KEROSENE Wareham Savings For use on Cra Bogs Banberry Also STODDARD SOLVENT Falmouth Branch Prompt Delivery Service Welcome Savings Account FrancniC l C Loans on Real Estate n Safe Deposit Boxes to Rent -Inc.-PHONE CYpress 5-3800 Wareham, Mass. Kimball 8-3000 Tel. CY 5-0039 The National Bank of Wareham Conveniently located for Cranberry Men Funds always available for sound loans Complete Banking Service Member Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. Te HARES W. ARRIS _ C y n Company g 26 Somerset Ave Manufaturers North Dighton, Mass. AMES'/ §I Irrigation Systems I Sprinkles Weed killersI Insecticides ip w En Fungicides g from -Cal. Spray Chemical Company g Dupont Company EQUIPMENT EQUPMEN H -SEPARATOR WAREHAM, MASS. Irrigation Systems U PS SEPARATORS -BLOWERS SCREENHOUSE EQUIPMENT DARLINGTON PiCKING MACHINES in Extensive Experience in ELECTRICAL WORK ____ ALFRED PAPPI At Screenhouses, Bogs and Pumps Means Satisfaction WAREHAM, MASS. Tel. CY 5-2000 SUBSCRIBE TO —I CRANBERRIES ADVERTISE IN CRANBERRIES L FOR SALE Get the right product 3, 6 cyl, 500 g.p.m. MIDDLEBOROUGH , CHRYSLER IRRIGATION for every pest proble PUMPS rRUST COMPANY L Automatic Safety Controls, 6" Flex-o-seal suction pipe and MIDDLEBORO Use BIBS fiG discharge fittings for each unit. RHAMIDDLEBO Use &U' L.C.SPRNG MASS. ^^^—~~MASS.e Indian Brook Manomet, Mass. .. the first choice of Member of Commercial Growers Western Pikers The Federal Deposit GENERAL CHEMICAL DIVISION Parts and Repairs Insurance Corporation ALLIED CHEMICAL CORPORATION 40 Rector Street, New York 6, N. Y. Agent for 1959 Model 58 Weybosset St., Providence, R. I. ORDER NOW J. E BRALEY & SON TOURAINE PAINTS HARDWARE 78 Gibbs Ave. Wareham, Mass. SANDVIK SCYTHE HAVE YOUR REPAIRS (ALSO CALLED FINNISH SCYTHES) A DONE NOW ALUMINUM SNATHS CYCLONE -FERTILIZERS & SEED SOWERS NEW WEEDOZOLRLAP BAG OPEN SUNDAYS 9 A.M. -1 P.M. for your CARVER SUPPLY CO. MADE TO ORDER UNION 6-4480 Carver, Mass. BAG C Peter B.Berman TeLJUniper 36466 ELECTRICITY . . WORKS FOR YOU WITH CRANBERRY PICKING THE THROW OF A SWITCH BOXES It Is Clean, Efficient -Releases Shooks, or Nailed Men For Other Bog Work. Let me repair your broken boxes-or repair them yourself. Stock Always on Hand Plymouth County Electric Co. F H COLE WAREHAM -PLYMOUTH Te' Union 6-330 TEL. WAREHAM 200 TEL. PILGRIM 6-1300 North Carver, Masa. One Annual Cape Meet CRANBERRI August 18th Annual meeting of Cape Cod PROVIDES A NEEDED Clynberry Growers' Association W A N I E D set for 10 a.m. Massachusetts Western Pickers (Used) MEDIUM OF INFORMATION Cranberry Experiment Station, Contact August 18 will center around an Oscar Norton FOR all "cranberry growing" program. Rochester, Mass. President Ferris C. Waite will Tel. Rockwell 3-5385 ALL CRO'WERS preside and station experts will speak in their various fields. "~ .. — "—. At noon there will be a chicken__ and cranberry barbeque, very po-: ular the past year or so. An in-Brewer & Lord vitation has been sent to officials of the Massachusetts Department INSURANCE of Agriculture and it is expected many of them will attend 40 Broad Street, Boston, Mass. including the commissioner of agriculture, Charles H. McNamara. ARTHUR K. POPE HORACE H. SOULE There is much interest this year CONVERSE HILL CHARLES M. CUTLER in the equipment display and there WILLIAM B. PLUMER EBEN A. THACHER are a large number of exhibits, in-ROBERT A. SULLIVAN HERBERT R. LANE cluding Wiggins helicopter. Crop luding Wiggins helicopter. Crop EDWARD H. LEARNARD VINCENT M. WILSON statistician C. D. Stevens will give the preliminary forecast and JOHN B. CECILL, JR. officers will be elected. OUR COVER Serving the People of New England Growing season clinics are frequently held in Massachusetts at Since 1859 appropriate intervals that Cran- berry Station experts may discuss and instruct in weed, insect or other control matters. They are held at convenient locations and are largely attended by growers . U v . wishing up-to-the-minute informa-11 L D S T ACUSHNET, MASS. tion. 191 LEONARD STREET ACUSHNET, MASS. Clinic pictured on the coverg S i shows part of the gathering at a Cranberry Bog Servi e meeting at State Bog, with Prof. "Bill" E. Tomlinson, etomologist PRUNING FERTILIZING instructing on insect control. RAKING WEED TRIMMING MEDICAL CRANBERRY Maciney Sal SEED TO SO. AFRICA Vernon Goldsworthy of Cran-PRUNERS POWER WHEELBARROWS berry Products, Inc., Eagle River, RAKES WEED TRIMMERS Wisconsin is to send one pound of cranberry seed (Vaccinium FERTILIZER SPREADERS -Large & Small Macrocarpon) to South Africa. The seed was requested for medical purposes by Mrs. S.M.Greer, For Further Information Cal... Standerton, Transvaal, South Africa. F. P. CRANDON H. C. LEONARD Rockwell 3-5526 Wyman 3-4332 C. J. TRIPP SUBSCRIBE TO T CRANBERRIES MAGAZINE Wyman 4-4601 Two blooming period made it extremely difficult to treat the bogs with ~M3~ass. CraU~nb fungicides at the proper time. erryV~ M Cran However, substantial number of r a o l s 1acres were sprayed and it will be Station and Field Notes by J. RICHARD BEATTIE Extension Cranberry Specialist Season now Normal One of the warmest Mays in history was followed by one of the cooler and wetter Junes. Temp- eratures in June averaged better than 3 degrees per day below nor- mal and rainfall for the month at the Cranberry Station measured 6.71 inches, or over twice the monthly average of 3.21 inches. Our season, which was reported in June to be a week or so ahead of last year, is now (July 13) be- lieved to be about normal. We have been concerned with the cloudy, wet weather experienced during the first three weeks of the blooming period. However, bees appear to have been active between showers as the berries are "set- ting" nicely on most bogs. Joseph Kelley pointed out earlier this month the importance of having hives of bees around our properties as extra insurance for a good set of fruit. Unfortunately, the demand for bees exceeded the supply due to the rather heavy mortality of bees during the winter months. No June Frosts Frost damage this spring appears to be negligible; however "umbrellas" were common on a number of bogs, indicating that damage could have been substantial if temperatures had dropped another degree or two on these particular bogs. For the first time in several years no frost warnings were released in June. This is a bit unusual as the number of June warnings has been increasing in recent years. A total of 13 warnings were sent out this spring compared to 19 last year, 19 in 1957, and 9 in 1956. George Rounsville handled the frost forecast work in his usual capable manner. We are also in- Ext n C y debted to the weather observers, telephone distributors, the four radio stations, and the U. S. Weather Bureau personnel for the important part they played in this service. The system for receiving the frost messages, including the explanation of terms used' in the warnings, has received favorable comment and will be continued. Fungicides The cool weather experienced in June did add two points to our final keeping quality forecast, making a total of 5 points out of a possible 18 which favor good keeping quality fruit next fall or one point more than in 1958 and 1957. It is apparent that the odds this year do not favor good keep- ing quality unless corrective steps are taken. We are referring of course to the proper use of fung- icides. The unusual number of rainy days occurring during the interesting to observe the results. Insects With the exception of fireworms and possibly sparganothis fruitworm, insect activity in general has been relatively light, at least up to the fruitworm season. Fire- worms have been unusually troublesome and have occurred on bogs that have been reasonably free from this pest for a number of years. Considerable second-brood activity has been observed on a number of bogs which indicates that these bogs may require treatment next spring, since many of the eggs of the second brood of fireworms do not hatch this year but carry over until next spring. We want to emphasize again the importance of checking bogs every 3 or 4 days from about mid-May to early August for the presence of insects. The hand lens and insect net are still standard equipment for locating the types and numbers of pests present so that proper control measures can be taken. A little extra effort with these tools will enable growers to properly time their pesticide treatments which is the real key to - R. F. R S E ? S 0 1N West Wareham, Mass., Tel. CY 5-1553 ai Cranberry rowers Agent For | Eastern States Farmers' Exchange Insecticides -Fertilizers -Fungicides Bog Service and Supplies Agent for Wiggins Airways Helicopter Spray and Dust Service DEPENDABLE ECONOMICAL SERVICE Three effective pest control. There is a definite place for a tolerance before the Food and ·Growers are reminded again to greater use of weed clippers on Drug Administration denied their heed the warning outlined at the many properties as a means of request. This means very simply bottom of the insect and disease reducing the shading effect of that we have no approval to use control chart. Too many are still these weeds over the cranberry amino-triazole during the growing exposing themselves unnecessarily vines. season. After harvest treatments to parathion and related chemicals. Amino-Triazole are still cleared and will remain .,Ditch weeds are becoming a real final note on eed control so as long as tests show o resiproblem on many bogs. Effective is called to the growers' aention due. In fact, results have in genchemical treatments have been a flash card on the use of amino-eral been more satisfactory at developed, including a new treat-triazole was mailed to growersof year. ment found in the present weed through the county agents' offices It should be clearly understood control chart. Reference is made following the cranberry clinics that any berries picked from vines to the use of amino-triazole plus held in early July. It is extremely treated with amino-triazole this dalapon for general weeds and is important that every grower re-year contain a residue and there- effective even with standing water ceive this information and heed fore can be condemned. Any such in the ditches. There is no residue the warning. For this reason, it berries found in our screen houses problem involved with this par-is repeated again: could result in the complete loss ticular treatment because the of all berries in that particular dalapon in the mixture prevents "AMINO-TRIAZOLE -Growers screenhouse. Careless or irresponberry development. Sodium arsen-sible action on the part of one clinics were told thattending arst c r a ne the ite is another effective material clinics were told that there was for general ditch weeds, but is a no possibility of a tolerance being grower could result in perfectly deadly poison and must be used established for the use of amino-innocent growers losing their with great care. The grassy-type triazole during the growing sea-entire crop." son. Recent developments in the ditch weeds can be checked with tes 72nd N. Fulilbtted stesting promptedeting Annual Meeting of this chemical No. '2 Fuel Oil but the ditches the chemical companies concerned The 72nd Annual Meeting of the should be drained for best results. to withdraw their applications for Cape Cod Cranberry Growers ,_ __ -Association will be held Tuesday, August 18, at the Cranberry Experiment Station beginning at 10 a.m. Guided tours of the State FOR PREFABRlCATED will be to inspect some FBog held of the insect, disease and weed lBi~H. lUO LLL url control work, the seedling I plantation and experiments in water HYDRAULIC esmanagement. displays CONSULTANT Equipment will be another feature. The pop ular chicken-cranberry barbecue '''||'J'~~i~~n ~B~a~ be at noon. The after ~UNIONIwill served noon program will include a re port of station staff members and will conclude with a crop report by Mr. C. D. Stevens. Incidentally, the crop reporting forms will be ~iF~f~l~8imailed out from Mr. Steven's office in late July. An accurate crop FOR PREFABRICATED FLUMES estimate is vital to the success of SEE our marketing programs and we know growers will cooperate by ~RUSSELLA. TRUFANT ~returning their monthly crop HYDRAULIC CONSULTANT estimates. President Ferris Waite PREFABRICATED FLUMqES BOG RAILROADS invites all cranberry growers and UNION 6-3696 North Carver, Mass. their families to attend this meeting. Four C s~ I piWOAL CRANBERRYm4 Issue of July 1959 -Vol. 24 No. 3 Published monthly at The Courier Print Shop, Main St., Wareham, Massachusetts. Subscription $3.50 per year. Natered as second-class matter January 26, 1943, at the post-office at Wareham, Massachusetts, under the Act of March S, 1871 FRESH FROM THE FIELDS MASSACHUSETTS June, Miserable Weather June has been noted by poets and others for its perfect days. But that wasn't the case in South- eastern Massachusetts, this June, that is for the residents. It was, however, characterized by Dr. Cross, Cranberry Experiment Sta- tion as "perfect for cranberries." It was one of the rainest, gloom- iest, foggiest, dampest and coolest of Junes on record. The weather hampered bog work. Extremely Wet Month Rainfall as measured at the State Bog was 6.71 inches or slightly double the norm of 3.21. There was recordable rain or traces on 14 of the 30 days. At Boston the percipitation, of 8.63 inches came within a half inch of shattering the 87-year history of weather recording and was second only to that of 19131. Temperatures Very Cool The temperature at the end of the month was a minus 70, or more than two degrees a day below average. The final day was a perfect summer one, one of two or three of the entire month, with a maximum temperature of 92 inth e at Statemat BBog,og,but in the shelter e humidity -for a change -relative- ly low. Adds Points to Quality The weather kept the bogs moist, it retarded bloom and the work of insects. Although June was wet it was cool and that added two badly-needed points to the keep- ing quality score. Insects About the only insect that was extremely active was the black- headed fireworm, leafhopper mil- lers were flying, as were spar- ganothis miller. A good deal of air control was practiced, mostly with sprays. Excellent Bloom Bloom as July came was repor ecelle, alms ted as excellent, almost every- where. Even some of the vines which were damaged by the severe winter conditions were putting out buds and bloom. Perhaps a third of the acreage was in flower on July first. Because of the cold, wet June the season was late, possibly a week or a little more. So good was t'he bloom, however, it was said that if one-quarter set, there were l HAIL IS O ATH OUT Compiled by C.J.H. indications (quite to the contrary of conditions in May) for a good size crop, although probably not a really "big" one. A guess might be hazarded that production mayapproach the 600,000 mark. N E J S EY Extreme weather conditions during June kept New Jersey cranberry growers more than a bit anxious much of the month. After a very warm early first half of June, during which bog temperatures were in the high 90's and scattered hailstorms caused some worry, it suddenly turned very cool and there were THE WAY R U W PROTECT YOUR PRODUCTION COSTS If you had a loan and lost your crop by hail you would still have to pay-let Hail Insurance do this for you. Our new policy protects the berries and vines against hail and fire from the time the water is off in the Spring until after harvest. CRANBERRY RATES ARE LOW For further information write or call: Alvin R. Reid Main Street, Hanson, Mass. Cypress 3-6336 Cypress 3-6441 Five frost warnings issued. The ten-and the crop on the whole should over. The black headed fire worm der vines got by with only scat-be good. remains major insect pest with tered small damage as the ex-The first brood of the black the cranberry fruit worm coming tremely low temperatures headed fire worm has come and in second. Occasional outbreaks of predicted for the 15th to 18th did gone with very little damage to weevil and occasional injury from not materialize. At the end of the the bogs in this area. The moths lecanium scale. Lecanium scale is month bog temperatures were are flying now and probably will rather easily controlled ° by para- near and over the 100 mark for have a second brood about the thion application. One interestingfive days and it was feared that time full blossoming season is (Continued on Page 17) blossoms would get "cooked". Rainfall Normal With the two extremes cancelling each other out the temperatures averaged about normal, H RTC LT which is 71"F. The total rainfall was 3.33 inches, which is about a 35 South Main St. half inch shy of the June average. Prospects Up West Bridgewater, Mass. There remains very good pros-"Bob Mossman" Prop. pects for a larger than average crop for New Jersey. Throughout Tel. JUniper 3-9112 the 'State bloom is thicker than usual and pollination is proceed ing in good fashion. A better than CRANBERRY GROWERS SUPPLIES usual effort was made against the early season cranberry in-EED AND BRUSH ILLERS sects, with much interest being WEEDAZOL (50% AMINO TRIAZOLE) evinced in airplane spraying. WASHINGTON Insecticides -Fungicides -Herbicides The month of June was, on the whole, fairly warm and free from Spraying and frost. Temrperatures have been low enough to require sprinkler protection on two occasions. June 12th and 14th, the minimum for these two days was 31 and 32 ° respectively. Except for these two days the temperature had not ° been below 38 . The maximum ° temperature was 70 on June1 18th. There was very little dif- ference in day and night tempera- ture (from 10 to 15° between the daily maximum and minimum) most of the month. There were several stormy periods with rain, Retains full natural avor and quite a bit of cloudy weather. Reta full flavor Cranberries at end of month without overwhelming sweetness were about 50 to 75% or 80% full bloom. As in the past years, there :C: CORN PRODUCTS COMPANY would have been better polliniza- tion conditions if the temperature 17 Battery Place, New York 4, N. Y. were higher. Along with these rather mild temperatures there Manufacturers of fine products for the food industry... mild there were high humidities. B'oth of and these popular grocery brands for the consumer: these conditions combine to make MAZOLA® corn oil * KARO® syrups * BOSCO® chocolate flavored syrupthe pollen remain damp. Generally NIAGARA® instant starch LINIT® dry and liquid starches * KASCO® dog food * have, in spite of this, a fairly NUSOFT® fabric softener rinse * ARGO® corn and gloss starches good set of berries. Most of the bogs have a fairly heavy bloom Six had moved to Northhampton with his family when very young. During the First World War he was but did not get overseas. Began County Agent Work 38 Years Lgo Cap_~~~~~~~ He came back to graduate at Northhasmpton and also to be graduated from the University of Maine. In 1919 he was agricultural instructor at Concord High, Concord, Mass. Then he was agricultural agent in Washington County whicsh is the most easterly cointy in Maine, that easternmost of the States. The chief cash crop of the area was the blueberry, the low- bush native variety. There he Ovef~~~~rom tc i fla ooe promote three co-operative chelped canning factories. Then he was county agent in Essex to the north of Boston and then came his entry to Cape Codfand cranberries work. He learned of cranberries, and largely from that best of instructors the late Dr. Henry J. Frank lin, so long director of the Massachusetts Cranberry Experiment Station. He conferred with "Doc" and both agreed that growers should take more scientific interest in their profession of cranberry cultivation. But, perhaps this may be best told in the direct words of Mr. Tomlinson, himself. "One of the first things that impressed me and the Cape Cod BERT TABLINSON, RETIRING, CAPE Cranberry Growers Association ""FAIT HE"" OF CRANBERRY CLUB IDEA was the need of doing something about controlling the spread of Came to Barnstable County, Mass. as County Agent in 1924 false blossom disease, and you It was on August first way back in 1924 when Bertram Tomlinson may recall that we carried on an came to Cape Cod as county agent of Extension Service for Barnstable effective three-year campaign to County; July 31st of this year 'he retires. During that interv¥le he has educate growers as to the menace done much to improve cranberry knowledge, not only on the Cape, but over a much wider field, and of course accomplished service to other of this disease, and also effective Cape producers than those of cranberries. control measures. As a matter of fact, he deserves more than anyone to be called the "I believe during the course of' father of the cranberry club idea, now spread across the nation. the three years, every person that That these long years of service counties. Members of the Cran-was in the business of growing have been recognized is proven berry Station staff were in at-cranberries, learned about control by honors he has been enjoying tendance. At the close of the cere-measures and the need for con- recently. These have included a mony David Crowell, Chairman of trolling the blunt-nosed leaf dinner held in the Pilgrim Congre-the Board of Barnstable County hopper. gational Church, Harwichport. This Trustees, made the presentation "I was in the habit of attending was attended by a good represen-of a gift. practically all the meetings of the tation of friends, co-workers Born in present Newton Cranberry Association, but I from the University of Mass-Heights, near Boston, "Bert" Tom-noticed that comparatively few *aclhausetts, and "most of the linson knew little of cranberries growers from Barnstable County county Agent-I anagers of other when he came to the Cape, He were in attendance, and I decided to try to stimulate their interest Control Charts vey, that our growers were havingin., cranberries by having local "I remember very early in the as much difficulty controlling meetings. work with cranberry growers, I weeds, as they were with insects. Cranberry Clubs recognized the need of putting out This work was reported at a spring "In consultation with local clear-cut directions for 'their insect meeting of the Cranberry Grow- growers, the idea of organizing control, patterned after spray ers Association, and resulted in cranberry clubs was developed, schedules that had been in use that association allocating five and in 1935 we. established the for our fruit growers, in other hundred dollars to start a research upper and lower Cape Cranberry parts of the state. I remember program on weed control. The Clubs. These met with immediate requesting George Short, who was following summer a botanist was success, so it seems that meeting our first part-time extension employed (I believe, from Bates in the ,evening, and starting with worker, to keep in mind the need College), and after a few years a supper, there was a fine oppor-of preparing an insect control of summer work, enough progress tunity. for sociability before the chart. It took about three years to was made to warrant the work education features of the program work something practical in shape, being put on a full-time basis, commenced, which was usually but finally through a series of with Dr. Chester Cross in charge. around 7:30 or 8 o'clock. grower committee meetings, we "In due time, enough informa" These meetings were so popu-had something that had the sup-tion was assembled to make a lari that many of the growers port of Dr. Franklin, and Barn-weed control chart possible. Still came down from Plymouth County, stable and Plymouth Counties later, there was expressed the and shortly thereafter, Cranberry joined in establishing the first need for fertilizer information, Clubs were formed in that area. cranberry pest control chart. Later and this information was put in In fact, the news spread rapidly, similar charts were prepared by the form of a chart, easy to use and shortly afterwards, Cranberry New Jersey and Wisconsin, but by growers. Clubs were formed in New Jersey, for many years I believe, it was Marketing Angle Washington and Oregon. At the the practice for -these growers to "While most of our extension time, I thought these clubs might use charts prepared here. work involved production probserve the purpose and last for "I believe we had been preparing lems, we were not entirely unconfive or ten years, but I have been these insect control charts for cerned with the marketing of the rather amazed to find them still five or eight years, when I deter-fruit, and as you know, I was in existence and going strong. mined through a cranberry sur-always enthusiastic about the great possibilities of developing the market for processed berries in the form of cranberry sauce, cocktail or any other way that would make them easy to use by . the consumer. While I believe . ........ ............. ... growers should do all possible to maintain high quality and sell as RAY3fresh berries all that the market would take at a reasonable price, a study of consumer trends, con fightii~ ~ vinced me some time ago that processed foods were showing tremendous increases. "I believe the present marketing program is on a very sound basis, and have been pleased to note the gradual increase in the returns made to cranberry growers. "It seems to me that our entire Fipbt~~~~~~~~~~~~........ . .. ...... . .... farm business is undergoing a tremendous evolution. The trend ............... is toward larger units per farmer or grower, and the use of more labor-saving devices. The cranberry business is no exception. All DUSTING and SPRAYING our farm enterprises are now be coming highly specialized, and the RAY MORSE, Agent TEL. CYPRESS 5-1553 farmer who wants to be a success, ......................................... ...... must not only be highly skilled in his particular specialty, m but e must be a good manager. He must know his cost of operation and keep in a competitive position at all times." As to future plans, Tomlinson, has no definite ones, except that, with his "green thumb", he will take more care of his garden at his home at iSouth Yarmouth, per- haps enlarge it; take better care of his home grounds. Then, too, as with every busy man retiring he says there are a multitude of "small things," he has been wait- ing to do. "I'll have no trouble keeping busy," he asserts. SUCCESSOR Succeeding Mr. Tomlinson as Agent-Manager, Barnstable iCounty Extension service is Eldward H. Knapp, who is now serving as 4-1H County Club Agent and head of that depart- ment in Middlesex County Ex- tension Service. Mr. Knapp will be in general charge of exten- sion work and in addition will behandling the 4-H division be handling ,division. Oscar Johnson will continue .^ to carry on all horticultural tocarry on all horticultural projects, including cranberries. v ________ ~ Communication To the Editor: I am much interested in the small article about Alaska Lin- your magazine. gen berries in the Juntissue of is Vaccinium Vitis-Idaea L. var- iety minus Lodd. It grows natur- The north american lingenberry ally and without cultivation on rocky or dry peaty acid soil throughout subarctic America. At no point does it grow any fur-It At no point does it grow any fur- (also callefoun allin acroan- d Greenland, New England where I have col- rock-cranberry,the berry, the in berry growers. It occurs in clus- ters of 2 to 6 at the ends of tiny branches. The berries do not color uniformly -the side facing the sun attaining a good cranberry red color while the underside is still green. In fact, they are apt to re- semble the "green butts" which sometimes plague the packer of "early-water" fresh cranberries. Perhaps the greatest surprise to one familiar with our crisp, juicy and acid cranberry, comes in tasting a raw lingenberry. It is dry! These meally, acid or slightly bitter things are good only when made into a sauce or relish. Perhaps because they are not juicy, they are phenomenally resistant to frost, and because of are to be Pthis said superior in taste after overwintering on the vines and when gathered at melt- ing of the snow . In any case, their small size and the consequent difficulty of picking any quantity of the be- ries makes them a specialty pro- duct of no great commercial promise. promise. Finally, the american lingenberry is a small variety of the true species of Vaccinium Vitis-b ~~true species of Vaccinium Vitis- Idaea, the true lingenberry of Scandinavia and northern Europe generally. Our variety of lingen haes smaller leaves, smaller ber ries, shorter stems and lower stature than the typical variety of Europe. To some, this small lingenberry may have "more flavor and color" than the Ameri can cranberry (Vaccinium carpon Ait.), but every see and eat vine-ripened Black cranberries which (prejudiced?) eyes are macro- year Early to my darker and more uniformly colored, and which to my taste are far more poignantly flavorful. In addition, they are juicy enough to make a very delicious, healthful and zestful drink. I cannot agree, Mr. Editor, that "The lingenberry is a variety of cranberries". But in spite of all this, my best wishes to Mrs. McPherson and Arctic Alaska Berries. Incidentally, does she harvest in the fall or in the spring when the snow melts? . Sincerely, Chester E. Cross Head of Departmeht Mass. Cranberry Experiment Station ib DSCl To Cranberries locted many baskets of the her- lethed basketsof ner-I llllllllllll lllllllI Il llllllll l lllllll I IIIIll IIII I IIII lll l llt A la i W e S e il _ both. n .--eC-l W e lZe N e Specialize 1 In and ParathlOn ApilCatlOnS Parathion Applications ties. Asia ,Now this american lingenberry usuallysouth much smaller colderreg)is a small erry, an (also called the "mountain cranberry", the rock-cranberry , "cowbenry","coveberry", 1"lingen","lingen", "lingenben- "lingenber- ry", or in Quebec "Pomme-de- --, , ~ Thos.S.Weitbrecht(Whitey) Temple 4-7818of " MARHFELD AIRWAYS INC. W MARSHFIELD AIRWAYS, INC. Terre",) is a small berry, Marshfield, Mass. . ~"~~B~1~l~ ~ ~~1~"~B~ ~B~B~~~~~~~~~~~~l~~l~M~B~~~m~ii WHAT IS THE FUTURE OF THE CRANBERRY BUSIN~E;SS? ~CRANBERRY ~ BUSINESS2~?-~ By Frank P. Crandon today. We are obligated to pack First, I want to say I have been quality. t ing will discuss weed control, show weed control plots, discuss developments in frost warning, disease control and other items of interest to growers. Machinery and equipment manufacturers and dealers have been asked to exhibit near the Potter warehouse area. Lunch will be served at noon. SPRAYER-STOPPER Clarlie Lewis of Shell Lake Wisconsin, widely known throughout the industry says he knows every square inch of his sprayer- seems he was in the midst of a timely spray application when suddenly the sprayer lost pressure. He cleaned and repaired all valves, all guages, all regulators; etc., and still no pressure. After much cussing and discussing, he started on the pelines. This is pipelines. what came to light-the foreman's wrist watch. Seems he had lost it last sum- Now I don't know what b o must, a bt must have been a dandy, for, afte a yeas soan n sove r ea s n ee oanson Bordeau, weed sprays, and who knows what all, it ran as good s new when he wound it. (Wis consin Cranberry News) in the cranberry business for 55 years. I have seen many changes, both up and down during this period. In the early years, all cran- berries were sold fresh. They were shipped in 100 lb. barrels, later in 1/2 barrel boxes, then 1/4 barrel boxes and more recently in 1 pound cello bags and window boxes. All of these changes were brought about by changes in the marketing field. In most instances these changes happened, it cost the grower more to get the crop to the consumer. At the same time the national crop has been increasing. We now have had three consecutive crops of over 1,000,000, and the prospects are for still greater increases than decreases. We have learned how to produce faster than the con- sumer is buying which brings about a surplus. Most of agri- culture is in this cuiture is in same position. Now what are we going to do about it? Everybody interested in the cranberry business has a part in the problem we are producing faster than the con- u p uing ta c sumer is buying.fe How can t we get the consumer to buy more? To the consumer to buy more? To me this is the job of the advertis- ing and selling department of the agencies marketing cranberries. agencies marketin g cranberrie. The whole industry is not doingis part in the advertising aond it's and promotion of cranberries. This is short sighted in my judgement. I personally would not sell a ber- ry to an agency that does not take a part in advertising and promotion of cranberries. What can the growers do? The grower should realize he has to grow cranberries of quality and be able to do so at a net re- turn to him of $11 to $12. I believe this can be done with good bog management. If we in the cran- berry industry were paid on qual- ity of fruit delivered rather than quantity, it would be one step The saying that a poor quality berry makes a good sauce or a good drink is not correct. If we want to increae our sales we must supply for fresh or processed the best quality berries possible to obtain. I have been in several other fields of agriculture and when I packed quality the net returns were greater. (Editor's Note: Mr. Crandon is a former president of National Cranberry Association and cur- rently a director.) WVscOfnsgn To Dedicate M varker AtGrowers Meet Annual summer meeting of Wis- consin State Cranberry Growers' Association, Saturday, August 8, 10:010 a.m. at the Roy Potter this '"•me " ^mer. Marsh, west of Port Edwards will have a special feature this year. ahnn i yp~crl feat^ LUi& yc·. This highlight will be the dedica- tion of a cranberry memorial arker. Dedication will beby Gaylord Nelson governor of Wis- consin. Arrangements for the ded- ication are being made bytheded ication are being made the c ^ ^ Wood County and State historicai socets in co-o ation with th growers co-opation gwe association. This is a tribute to-the cran- berry industry, with historical in cidents concerning it going back to 1829. Marker is on route 24 near the Potter Marsh 'Speakers at the business meet- F by Cranberry News) _ READ CRANBERRIES L ,000 USED CRANBERRY PICKING CRATES (as is) als FOUR WESTERN PICKERS aft D RFD 1 Beaver Dam Road, Plymouth, Mass. forward. The public demandsel. Manome nal 4-2784quality aft a reasonable price en________,______________________ .o.. devote · ~ his~ f time to thecluded .iesiiiiiiiiiijiiii~.... ... nea Chats- ...... ] iiiiHat .......... Vinton N. Thompson Named ActingDirector Jersey Market Division Widely-Known Grower Gets Full-Time Position with Dept. of Agriculture--Will Still Supervise "The Birches" Vinton N. Thompson of Vincen- town, New Jersey, well-known grower, has been appointed as Acting Director, Division of Mar- kets, New Jersey Department of Agriculture. While he will devote his full time to the new position he will also direct the affairs of the "Birches," the Thompson properties near Chats- worth in Burlington County. These interests operate 125 acres of cranberries of which about 100 are in bearing, the other 25 being replanted over the past few yeaY:; j a few acres of blueberries, about 100 acres of farmland and about 12 of wood- land. Vinton, born in Philadelphia, January 12, 1923 has been a vice- president oo Gowers' Cranberry Company, Pemberton, 1948-1955, now an independent selling agency, but formerly affiliated with the late Eatmor Cranberries, and a director of National Cranberry Association, 19,50-19753. He attended Vincentown _ele nell University, Itw-taca, N. Y. 1940-1O944 he majored in agricultural economies (fruit and vegetable marketing) and has a B.S. degree. His college activities in- football, Student Council, Cornell Religious Student Board Scarab (Ag-Hotel Honor Society), president Council 4, chairman senior class day committee; Sigma Nu Fraternity of which he was treasurer and business manager. He was instructor in Agricultural Economics 4, Sage Chapel Asso 1946. June Army from His Fort He is inthe United State. 14, 1944. He Cerved el also Reserv e an en- as officer, June 15, 19H44 to ctober, military assignments inc-l Lee, Virginia as seondlieu- Fort Lewis, the Wasin gton. cluded Troop Movement officer at CFr om anuaryJune in 1945 J to the was stok control officern tenant. F romJulyto December laboe 1945as r fficiency officer, European Theatre as first lieu- Manila, P. I. In 1946 he was in class I, supply officer at Manila, with rank of captain. From No vember to the present he i eecutive officer, 387th QM, BN, Camden, New Jersey as Major. His military education included quartermaster candidate school at Fort Lee and quartermaster tech-e nology school at Chicago, this latter a graduate level course including the procurement, manufacturing and marketing of food products. In January to March of 195M5 he was at the quartermaster depot supply school, Fort Lee and in May of 1955 attended the national resources conference, New York, N. Y. =He has, been manager (and partner) 'of the Birches Cranberry Company : at Vincentown since W194lf7.He is business agent of the Ernest M. Haines Estate at Vin- celitown and an executive director Rui'al Advisory Council, New Jer- sey. ,Department of Agriculture since.i19157 to date. ....:and is B~!·:ha~.;ibgen currently He':has.-been and is engaged in many other activities, these including; executive com- niittee: memrber, Burlington Coun- tji':,B!oard of Agriculture. He was :bresident-in 1957 and 19518. He is a(vinember of the New Jersey Water Police and Supply Council, beginning last year. He is also a member of the New Jersey Cranberry -Industry Advisory C(omminttee, starting in 19'54. He is a member of the camping com- mitte, Burlington County YMCA since 19i55. '(He is a member of the troop dommittee, troop 3i1, Boy Scouts, Buifington County. Also a mem- Wer?-6f the Southhampton Town-r hip-boardP of education and was vice president in 1957 and presi- dent in 195'8-5i9. ; Also a member of the South- hampton and Tabernacle Town- ship Taxpayers's Association: was 1ea d e r of Vincentown YMCA; Boys' Club, 19'53 -'58 member .of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States, 1940 to date. He is a member of the New Jersey State F~arm Bureau and of Vincentown Grange P. of H. N'o. 67. -'He is associate director, New Jersey Federation of Official Planning Boards and of Burling- ton County Girl Scout Advisory Committee. Other groups to which he belongs are the Burlington Coun- ty Planning Advisory Committee; New Jersey Agricultural Society; New Jersey State Advisory Com- mittee for Vocational Agriculture and of the Cranberry and Blue- berry Research Advisory Commit- tee to the New Jersey State Agricultural Station. Since 1951 he has been a deputy warden, New Jersey forest fire service. • !T Thompson is the author of five magazine articles on farm sub- Twelyv jects which appeared in the New Jersey Farm and Garden Maga- zine in 1958. He also authored "Report on Progress of Rural Planning and Zoning in the State of California," published by the New Jersey Department of Agri- culture last year. Also "New Jersey's Changing Rural Scene," in New Jersey) League of Municipalities Maga tive in 4-F as a member and leader. Both are interested in youth and hope to work with them as soon as they have learned the ropes of the cranberry business. They have one daughter Nancy 6. sMr. Morris (CIRANBEiRIE!S ril, 50) had long ben a o be leader in West Coast cranberry zine in May of this year. He isinterst not the author of "Farms and Open c y cultivation bu Spaces Saved by Greenbelt Zon-ht ing Jersey Plans" in the spring hs fst ane property in issue of this year of the New Jer-w oe arg sey Department of Conservation growers with considerable acreage. and Economic Development pub-and pro . from.. frost. . by sprinklers.tected lication. ft by Thompson was married to Iris Marie Coville in June 1944 and the couple has three children, Vinton N. Thompson III, 12; Lydia M. Thompson, 11 and Pa- tricia M. Thompson. His home is in Vincentown. County Agent Wash. Turns To Be Grower Ralph E. Tidrick Montesano, who has been county agent in WashingtonT and author of the in- er 1ting "Cranberry Vine" newsletter has turned cranberry grow- er. He has resigned from his posi- tion and has bought the Leonard tin Morris cranberry bog on the Pen- insula. Leonard C. Morris, a widely- ^o-grower has been a director NC since 1948. He has now resined from that position and at the Peninsula Cranberry club an Brateng has been elected s successor for the National Board, Tidrick had been with extension service for 9 years working closely with growers in Pacific and Gray's Harbor countries. He was raised on a farm near Kalama, Wash ington and was graduated from Washington State College in 19150. He served as a radar opera- tor during World War II in an anti-aircraft battery on the bat • tleship West Virginia. His wife, Donna Lee, is a na- tive of Willipa Valley and was ac- 'He is a native of Alva, a vil lage in the Cherokee Strip which was in the western part of Okla homa where he was a rancher and wheat grower. He made many trips to various cranberry areas, particularly Massachusetts as a director of National. He has retained possession of possession of the old Litschke place near Long Beach, next door to the home they have been occupying and plans to remodel this for their future home and will put in a new bog nearby. Name New Acting M as Of Agriculture Pr ent Jean Paul Mather of the University of Massachusetts has announced the appointment of Fred J. Jeffries as acting dean of the College of Agriculture. He ucceeds Dr. Dale Seling, whose resignation was announced last month. Jefferies is currently serving as director of the Stockbridge School of Agriculture and associate dean Agrculture. He began his new work July first and will continue for an indefinite period. He will also serve as director of Extension .Service as did Selling, and as such will be in contact with Massachusetts cranberry growers, the DepaHtmentin of 'HorticulturatU as he retires as colleagues seach Laboratory akgstunt Norman —'—w With JerA sey Doehloppers.t Cranberry Work 38 Years And Blueberry aof A. Do8~~iiiiii~il~~i~i~idiikeep riiCharles for in Peberton. of research in home. the the vector of blueberry disease,accomplis hing the first transmission the y He worked orga This veneg disease ith a mixture of blueber ry leahfdrenven- year tes t demon- the year can stuntthe spread disease arrested. Philip E. Marucci and Theamsed istrated plantsrkthat twiceroguinga of dis- E. Tomlinson, ter now at the Massachusetts iii~·~the University lCranberry Experimdent Station, retredas ailliam Jr., the lat- Rutgers came to the laboratory March , cranberry bogs. This resultedin scarried the larger part of the job of isolating the vector and work^ /,.ii is~P~jij~ii ~i~ing siu out its control, so that the ~i~F~~editor~Junecontrol stunt disrease at the NewJersey Agri of blueberry Someof hijiiiiiiiiiii~~l~iiii~i~iwas in established a relatively ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;0 short time. Mnartin T. Hutchinson in finishing eluded:For budsre iP~t~lresearch experiments haveassisted the touches. he, fruit the immediate Mrs. ofizing er Doehlert, foa irene Nielson of Metuchen (teachingg. in theJobstown public schools) plan a unique project. They will be busy completing the job of adaptin g a 1775 Quaker Meeting anWorkingontheproblems ind the rme secretary-treasurer of the Aersity- Cranberry-Bleberry Associl andmark is on the Columbus- M. Holly road. T.he Doehlerts have three children; Charles Jr., is a specialist in internal medicine at Madison, Wis consin;MosquitoDavid is an industrial sta with E. I. Du Pont at Newark, Deleware and their dau'gh more College. searcher. Dohelert says, "I shall certainly miss the daily associatin assa-ish m daiy wit research stimulatin ntc h wresin New Jerse othr Mr. Doehlert is a member of Phi Beta Kappa and Sigma X1 honorary fraternities; the American Society of Economic Entomol ogists and the American Society for Horticultural Science. He is secretary-treasurer of the American Cranberry Growers' Association. From Ma 1930 until 1943 he was editor for the New Jersey Mosquito Extermination Association, ThirlteenThirteen Charles A. oehert (right) colleagues in Departmen the t as he retiresresearch specialist as settingch Labor atory in Pembertonry rceivd not causeas oincrfuease ro Horticulturanberriesreof at Unithats in Rutge from the C Rers' fruakingt fly, withe presentatione N ormanChil de nt of the department. F chairman applications Doehlert With Jersey Cranberry And Blueberry Work 38 Years 1775Couple will remodeld wa Qa Tnechmnistal devis Charles A. Doehlert who ha: retired as associate researcher at the Rutgers University Cranberry and 'tory came 1.930. been Blueberry Research Labora- at Pemberton, New Jersey to the laboratory March 1, 'From 1921 to 1924 he ,had assistant editor and acting editor at the New Jersey Agric- ultural Experiment Station. 'Some of his most interesting research experiments :have in- cluded: Working on the problems of scooping. Previous to the use of mechanical pickers, Jersey exper- imental tests showed tha't the injury to vines by scooping as compared to hand picking was due more to the attitude of the workers and the foreman on the job than to the scoops themselves. Getting the desired attitude is difficult. Therefore it was evident that what was needed was a mechanical devise that automatic- faaker e ChurchdevelopedInof Home for ticcian ally provided a constant protection to the vines. He worked in developing a flight pattern for uniform airplane distribution of fertilizers on cranberry bogs. This resulted in greatly increased use of fertilizers for cranberries. Finding was that fertilizing June 15 (even as little as 100 pounds per acre) resulted in large berries; fertilizing August first was found to increase the set of fruit buds and fertiiizing in October strengthened the fruit buds so th~at their flowers set more and larger berries, It was found that fertilizer, up to 21 pounds of nitrogen per acre did not cause any increase in fruit rot of cranberries, and that in mid-winter a dosage of rotenone per acre would give the first con- trol of blueberry fruit fly, withy applications by aircraft. He developed faster ways of pruning' blueberries. Ocean Spray's.~~-~~~~~~~~~lltDO~Onset Tours Open ,, : : ~:~: ::::s:~~:. ---- ::.:..:. ii~- i~~~~~~~g ~ : --: :------. ..'................'. ... ~ ~~.i.~~~~~Wareham, ~~~~~~~~~~~~rciigsain, seon::j! 'I ' .......I::~ F -, .:: .,.... * .._ FLOWABLE PARATHION 400 is ideal for uso on cranberries. It is a modern formulat-ion of parathion...a water-base emulsion offering all the advantages of parathion with these additional benefits: Less hazardous to handle...and greater safe'ty to plants than emulsifiable concentrates. It contains no solvents or oils, can be used in all types of sprayers, and is compatible with a wide range of insecticides and range .. ,.....mailed fungicides. ..... Flowable Parathion 400 is a Stauffer specialty. It's avail- able at your dealer. See him now, P Stauffer Chemical Company CHEMICALS One East 47th Street SINCE 1885 New York 17, N.Y. Fourteen For The Summer Summer travelers on -Cranberry Highway, Soultheastern Massachusetts are inv!led to visit the Ocean Spray processing plant at Onset for a cranberry tour. Tours opened July 6 and will continue week days through September 3, Mondays, Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Thursdays from 1:0,0 ;to 3 p.m. and on Fridays from 9 a.m. to 11 a.m. and 1 to 3 p.m. Guides are Virginia Whelan of Middleboro and Buzzards Bay, Beverly and Diane Sullivan (twins) Janis Weaver, Marion and Mary Lou McNearney, Middleboro. This is the second year of Ocean Spray's summertime plant tours and last year as many as 750 visitors a day followed the route of the cranberry fromand'freezer a to shipping case. The "Welcome" shop has a new fron~t and has been freshly painted inside and out under the planning of Miss Jean Griffin of the Cranberry Kitchen. Mario Lince, plant manager, has had a movie theatre set up inside the plant where "The Cranberry Story" will be shown to the public every weekday. There is also the Cranberry Museum with cranberry tools and equipment of yesterday and today, also open to the public. NATIONAL PAYS ANoTHER DO2L.AR O Ocean Spray growers received June payment of $1.00 per barrel on cranberries harvested last fall. First payment on 195,8 ber ries was $5.60 per barrel at the time of delivery to Ocean Spray receiving stations, and a second payment of $1.00 a barrel was to growers in March. The June payment brings total re turns to date up to $7.60 per barrel. ADVERTISE CRANBERRIES Ne w Bog Buggijiiliii Designed At Prof. S. head ofin the engineeringi department at Massachusetts Ex-Photo) periment Station designedachine has all-purpose "bco buggyh This, John Norton, Cranberry —— with a and separator a ditch digger athnon-bounceof are type expetedetween to btrack on a oron display track-type at annual CapemCodob eeting of Cranberry Growers Association, at the August8th on State Bog. Norton describethe experimentalmachine s bog vehicle as follows: The experimental bog vehicle is being built theordesigned wilightenedh and main purpos e in provid-of mind tratioog the." of springs and the Chamers Mode G tractor. demonstratedpth could either be five made available. ing a means of transportat ion o ff the bog and for turning, heavy loads on the bogs that will do a minimum of damage to thand vines.F or it hoped example, is 9 inchat payload yards ofallowed a four of sand or 500 gallons of spray material, or 100 boxes of cranberries, might be transported bog on the to READ CRANBERRIES of experimental bog buggy, designer John Norton in without injury to the vines. It is also hoped that the vehicle will be able to span ditches up to 3 feet wide without bridging. It is emphasized that this vehide is strictly experimental. It is neither inexpensive or light in weight. It weighs approximately 5500, pounds. There will undoubtediy be a number of short comings become apparent as the machine is tested. However, efforts will be continued to over- come these problems as they ap- :pear. The basic design of the machine centers around the theory that a wide ;belt with closely spaced support rollers would distribute the weight of the vehicle and its load over a large area just as the track on a track-type tractor does. Thereby reducing the unit pressure on the vines. The belt on the machine is 4 feet wide and the drive rollers are 10 feet on center. This pro- vides a contact area of 40 square feet or 5760 square inches. With 4 yards of sand the weight per square inch will be approximately 3 pounds. The support rollers are 9 inches apart. This spacing of the support rollers will undoubted- .:~iiiiii:~ Front view operator's seat. ly permit some concentration of the load under each roller with a lesser amount of the load being supported by the belt between the rollers. The degree of this load concentration has not yet been determined. The machine is 18 feet long with the clear deck to the rear of the tractor engine being 81/2 feet long by 51/4 feet wide. The four wheels are necessary to pro- vide maneuverability. For opera- tion off the bog and for turning, the wheels must be lowered and the belt raised off the ground. The support rollers are allowed to follow the contour of the ground (Cranberries Photo) through the system of springs and linkages to which they are attached. The power unit is an Allis- Chamlers Model G tractor. If an engine of sufficient power butwith a shallow enough depth to mount between the upper and lower runs of the belt can be oh tained to replace the Allis-Chal mers, the machine could either be shortened and lightened or five feet more length for payload could be made available. 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Contrary to this the commercial bogs that have been sprayed with DDT be- come infected with lecanium scale readily if applications of para- thion are not combined. It would appear from, this that there is a natural predator in these old bogs which apparently can be killed out by the use of the more effective insecticides. Improving Drainage Much interest is present this year in improving the drainage and water control throughout the cranberry growing area, both in Long Beach and in 'Grayland. Sys- tems of drainage are sought that will take off the excess water but at the same time will hold the underground water at a bene- ficial level. It is found that in these peat bogs if water is drained too deeply the peat deteriorates and sinks and makes a problem of the bog becoming continually lower. In previous years the drainage districts have made no effort to control the amount of drainage they have only worked to keep drainage ditches open. This work is being done with the aid of the Soil Conservation Agency. O —REGO~ 0N Cranberries In Centennial Every county, town or com- munity in Oregon is doing some- thing in an old fashioned way to observe the Oregon Centennial year. Beards are flourishing, long 'handle-bar mustaches are very much in evidence among the male population, while the ladies occasionally break out in styles in vogue when grandmother was a girl. Figuring in Centennial publi- cation in Coos County history through the years often is fea- tured photographs depicting the changes in the cranberry indus- July, right on ule. ^~~fruit ~~~~~~~~OREGON try, as well as other Coos County agricultural enterprises. It is very interesting to look back at pic- tures taken when all cranberry bogs were hand picked with each picker taking his row between two tightly stretched strings across the bog. A grower reminisces that he can remember providing an area around his home to park over sixty automobiles driven by berry pickers to his place. Now he hbar- vests the entire crop alone. Other such interesting stories are coming forth, such as the cranberry bog up in the Hauser area in Coos County which was supposed to have been established near the time Oregon became a state and was harvested by the Indians. It is still in production. New Cranberry Acreage More recently we can report an interest in increasing cranberry acreage by various growers. The biggest new establishment is by Jack Dean and Bob Norton, who are working toward a fifteen acre addition to the present Jack Dean bogs. Other growers are expand- ing, too. Lots of overhead sprinkling systems are being installed. This in part is a result of a water con-g. servation program set up by the local ACP office, where it can give assistance to growers desir- ing to shift from flood to sprink- ler irrigation. This year the bloom on the vines looks good for this time of the season. The fruit set is o.k. and full bloom was the 4th of which is sched- ule. 'Some fireworm infestation is reported, but the DDT and mala- -thion recommendations, if appli A timely, seem to hold the damage to a minimum. It is reported that more fungicides than ever are being used by the growers this season. WIS CONSIN June, June was The month and above then entered dry spell for Warm, Humid warm and humid. started with showers normal temperature, a prolonged warm over two weeks with the last week in the month producing over half of the months total precipitation. Temperatures ranged from four to five degrees above the normal of about 66 degrees. Precipitation was the heaviest in southwestern Wis. and lightest along the eastern sections 'of the state. The central and northern areas had 50-75% of normal. The rains the last of the month were badly needed as drought conditions were developing. This also gave the vines a good soaking into bloom. Warmest day was the' 9th when the temperatures reached 9'6 degrees in northeastern Wis. and coolest was the 16th and 9th when temperatures dropped to the low 20's in the same general areas. The outlook for July is for abnormal temperatures and below normal rainfall. Averages for the month are about 70 degrees and 31/2 inches of rain. tarly Bloom The warm humid month with — F f R A limited number of tons of BEN LEAR vines for 1960 Their Characteristics are: Earliest Marketing commercial variety in the industry. Mature i week or 10 days before New Jersey and Massachusetts var- ieties2 weeks before Wisc. varieties. Have a distinct mellow flavor comnented on by consumers. Four years on the "Twin City" market and specifically sought by distributors familiar, with them; also sought by distributors who sent them on the market, but not connected with organized -.cranberry _.selling:: agencies. They extend the' early fresh cranberry market. Extend the use f harvesting and packing facilities. For Further Information Contact T A T JurO HAYWARD, WISCONSIN Seventeen little frost flooding developed the vines so that a scattering of blos- soms wa's noted on some early young vines the first of June. This was the earliest for many years. Had it not been for the rainy cool all varieties with the possible ex- emption of natives and Howes bloom by the first of July. Prospects Look Good Crop prospects looked -very good at the end of the month and with no severe rains or hail developing in that storm period, it was felt by most growers that little if any damage had been done as far as set was concerned. Early set looked remarkably well and if the 'season continued warm the ber- ries could expect to size well and olor early, which was in complete diference with eProvince. last conditions Some Northeastern Frost Loss Some frost loss was reported in some northeastern marshes oc- curing on the early cold weather of June. While figure's are not avail-able it is estimated a total of four marshes were affected with a possible loss of thirty acres in total. This marks the fourth consecutive year that some eco- nomic loss to frost has occurred in that growing area of the state. In plies were on hand to afford ample protection. This loss will not affect the state crop by much. Insects were light for the most part and controls appeared to be doing a good job. Weather con- ditions were favorable for dusting. The second brood fireworm mil- lers and larvae were showing up the latter part of the month, which was about a week to ten days ahead of normal. Infesta- tions were expected to be light. Fruitworm millers appeared late and in small numbers as of the end of the month. The writer believes the severe early cold wea- ther we ha-d last fall could have Eighteen last year and were still feeding in LATE MASSACHUSETTS October. Traps were being put out to check miller emergence. Looking Up -___-_ As of mid-July the crop wa NOVA SCOTIA looking up, excellent bloom, g^ ^ ^set. Apparently it could be corn- Prospects Good parable to the second-largest of E. L. Eaton, senior horticultur-record, the 610,000 barrels of last ist, Canada Department of Agri-season. In spite of a wet and cool culture, Kentville, Nova Scotia June, bees were working well. says the general cranberry pros-vine and berry growth was pects are better than average, al-termed extremely "lush and ten- though there was a lot of damp der." weather, which on the Cape would Insects Troublesome have been conducive to poor keep-, ing quality. He reports that very Insects were becoming rat few bogs are receiving adequate troublesome as the season care because of the price situa-d and control had not be helped by persistant, foggy a tion. h per rainy weather. Prince Edward Island In order they were fruitworm, He also reports some interest-tipworm, spargonothis, blackheads ing plots of cranberries on and leafhoppers. Prince Edward Island, on relative ly dry land near the shores of that Warer A combination of amino Up to July 13 temperatures had triazole and sulphate of ammonia averaged 26 plus, or two a day, has given excellent results. The quite contrary to weather of June. past winter was severe from the To the 13th at State Bog there standpoint of killing since these had been a total of 2.54 inches dry areas are not susceptible to of rain, with the normal for the flooding. He adds that with am-month 3.60. Of this precipitation ino triazole, still unacceptable to 1.45 inches was due to the tail of U. S. Food and Drug except in Hurricane Cindy, which 'hit the post-harvest use it might seem no Carolina coast earlier, passing commercial expansion would be New England out to sea. Some justified as a result of this suc-communities got more than 2 cessful research. inches accompanied by high winds. A Good Flume Is Your Insurance For A Good Crop USE ALL HEART REDWOOD We have a good stock of Al Heart Timbers 6x8 -vxi 4x6i 4x4 6 x 8 6 x 6 4 64 Planking -Square Edged or Matched 2x6 -2x8 -2x10 -2x12 ESTIMATE YOUR FLUME AND EST I NG NEEDS BUILDING NEEDS E. Wg.Gofo hue L r ., U ue 8 um8 W ^ §11E ^ditf~ 8I S ISSUE OF JULY 1959 CILf^^tse ____________________ Vol. 24 N o. cRM^^ay 3 OF AN ANCIENT TRIBE CLARENCE J. HALL That cranberry juice was in use as Editor and Publisher approximately as early as the beginning of EDITH S. HALL-Associate Editor the Christian era, or some 2,000 years Wareham, Massachusetts ago, was brought out in our last issue. This SUBSCRIPTIONS, $3.50 Per was in an article by Gilbert T. Beaton, Year, FOREIGN, $4.50 writing in a series sponsored by the Cran-_______ berry Institute. CORRESPONDENTS-ADVISORS We trust this article was read and C R P D S V O may be tucked away in the knowledge bin of cranberry growers. We do not be-Wisconsin lieve that every fruit or vegetable can LEO A. SORENSON trace its lineage back that far. Cranberry Consultant It is true the cranberry juice came Wisconsin from the European variety of the cranberry and not the American fruit, Vaccin-Washington ium Macrocarpon but it is still the cran-D CHARLES C DOUGHTY berry. The fact of use was proven by Cranberry Specialist the scientific study of a pouch found beside Long Beach, Wash. the body of a man in Denmark, preserved in a peat swamp. A number of years ago Oregon there was an article in CRANBERRIES GRANT SCOTT Magazine, concerning an Indian chief, Coquille, Ore. whose name was translated as "Cranberry Massachusetts Eater." He was active in the Middle Ages, perhaps about 1550. . Dr. CHESTER E. CROSS Ages, perhaps about 1550. Director Mass. Cranberry Experiment Station Some day it may be discovered that E Wareham, Mass. American Indians used the American ERTRA M MaSs. cranberry as early as did the man of Den-BERTRAM TOMLINSON mark use the European variety. Probably Barnstable, Mass. they did. At any rate it is proven the cranberry is no Johnny-Come-Lately in New Jersey human consumption. We who deal in cran-C R eHsey berries are truly of an ancient tribe. CHARLES A. DOEHLERT __________________ P. E. MARUCCI SELLING, NOT PRODUCING New Jersey Cranberry and Blueberry Station What the cranberry industry needs Pemberton, New Jersey right now (as the possibility of another = sizeable crop, plus hold-over looms up) Also, while the Massachusetts Cranis every effort toward selling. With all berry Highway Association, was not de- due respect to the difficulties of raising a signed to aid cranberry selling, it will be crop, cultural problems are becoming of benefit. In fact the association capital- licked. Does publicity help in selling? ized on the name "cranberry" as an We believe it does, at least to an extent. attraction to itself. Yet it is working out NCA is doing a good job at this, this both ways, with a headquarters at Onset, summer in opening the Onset plant to various signs stating this is "Cranberry visitors on escorted tours. It is a smart Highway," business establishments placing move. This is the second season of this. the address on their stationary and in These visitors are more apt to buy cran-advertising, there is bound to be more and berries in the future, more attention drawn to cranberries. Nineteen IVational May corporate name. Board of Direc-it is poeLed out by directors tots meeting recently recommend-that the name "Ocean Spray," is Change Name ed the name be "Ocean Spray so well known that it has been felt Cranberries, Inc." To "Ocean Spray Cranberri for some time that more advan- An affirmative two-thirds vote tage could be gained if the coop- At the annual meeting of stock-by common stockholders and an holders of National Cranberry As-amendment in the charter and by-eative was always referred to as sociation, Hanson, August 19 a laws is required to accomplish the Ocean Spray rather than Nation- vote will be taken on a change of change. al WISCONSIN HEADQUARTERS FOR INSECTICIDES -FUNGICIDES HERBICIDES DUSTS -WETTABLE POWDERS EMULSIONS Parathion Malathion Wisconsin Grown Ferbam -Dowpon mu ALI TY Attractive Packaging Dithane Z -78 Results uDit nh ane Z-7 8 1 In Better Returns More Sales, Are What The Hopkins Agricultural Chemical Co. Cranb erryIndustry P.O. BOX 584 MADISON, WIS. Phone Alpine 7-1019 SELLING IS WHAT —~~~ ~ WE DO BEST ~~~~ i~ ORANGE RELISH ii8Bfiiiii~~00R PR1O~Df.~r~CT~~S n l~ CRANBERRY Rnyyy O 10 1 111 WITH HAM... i PyitiVft~ .SLAM iGRAND Strained Cranberry Sauce Cranberry Orange Relish I Whole Cranberry Sauce Cran-Vari I : Spiced Cransweets Cran-Beri Cransweets Cranberry Puree I Diced Cransweets Cran-Puri I ... Cranberry Apple Sauce Cran-Bake I Cranberry-Strawberry Preserve Cranberry-Raspberry Preserve I I Cranberry-Cherry Preserve Cranberry-Rhubarb Preserve a a FROZEN Cranberry-Pineapple Preserve ranbeDrry Pr uIts, lNc. INDIAN TRAIL INC. [IWi EAGLE RIVER, WISCONSIN IP. 0. Box 710 I I . .....................Wisconsin Rapids, Wis. ~ Twenty FIIESALtHume Products Corp. SPI NILER SEARLES JUMBO Manufacturers of S Y ST E S HOWES, McFARLIN Grass Removal Vines Grass Removal for delivery in 1959 Conveyors for PUMPS $1250, Ton F..B.| | and CAPCITY Equipment HIGH Cranberry Growers NWELLS |INTERESTED For Information Write: R T IN c/o Cranberry Products B L 5 PURCHASING Hume Products Corp. IRRIGATION WISCONSIN •Inc. SER1CE | VWISCONSIN STEVENS POINT CRANBERRY Eagle River, Wisconsin WISCONSIN l p PROPERTIES ii THE ......ONLY I Vernon Goldsworthy I FERTI LIZER CORRUGATED EAGLE RIVER I FACTORY CULVERT PIPE WISCONSIN I LOCATED IN THE and WISCONSIN I ^ TCO —ANA& SUPPYCRANBERRY AREA FLOW GATES DANA MACHINE & SUPPLY Co. I Wis. Rapids Wis. W.KI I KBCKAPOO Felker Bros. Mfg. Co. I FERTILIZERS I MARSHFIELD WISCONSIN SPRAY BOOMS GRASS CLIPPERS i. Stevens Point ? Phone 230 -231 FERTILIZER SPREADERS Getsinger Retracto tooth ::::::..:... ._____________ pickers Dryers DISTR. of: VEE BELTS & PULLEYS YOU ROLLER CHAINS SPROCKETS & BEARINGS Are reading this ad. CONVEYOR BELTING Are readng ths ad. STEEL Others will read yours in Your Foreman CRANBERRIES Deserves A ^ ^ " ~~~~Magazine Subscription to Cranberries; too all summer long barbecue promotion backs Ocean Spray's year'round advertising! $2.79 value barbecue knife now offered nationally for only $1 _i1~~z/~ and 2 Ocean Spray £NID FOR... labels If ........ ~(Get your barbecue s~~ ..... FREE~~.~~~ knife now! Send your money and 2 labels to 2:~ PLUS Box 30, Englishtown, .... 2A-N...T.E New Jersey.) ... s GUARANiEED 12 months out of the year big 4-color CB~t479 <y)s · '~ ads in LADIES' HOME JOURNAL, BETTER 27 HOMES AND GARDENS, GOOD HOUSE- s iI siD~ and SUNSET §VALUE |^ s~^.KEEPING, sell Ocean Spray Cranberry Sauce as the natural DWiGSi E ssl"S6 ° °mate for every meat. Hard-selling TV e l lamed __ _is commercials tell the same story. Now SIt . By 1 EN! "_it during June, July and August we're Was$ingtonslFe B d · i \lliUm saness I S/ backing up our regular advertising with a special big barbecue promotion ·.I offering a value barbecue chef *eetwoI ItdHandieU~ti~l^* illl~llmi^T^^P $2.79 ^^ ^ $M~l mte fo evey mea Har-sellng T . b b le knife for and 2 Ocean Spray ackTs!arlp-B0i laI_ $1.00 ^ ^ \I^^ ^ ^^ commecials tll the ame stry. Ao y e tCv9*RtiveteI SPRAY LABELS labels free matching steak t~q Brass JUST SEND TWO OCEAN and $1.00 plus It, ALONG WITH YOUR NAME and ADDRESS TO: knife. To get your barbecue knife set, OER EXPIRES Ocean Spray, Box 30, Englishtown, New Jery and labels to Box 30, DEC.30,1959 send money I E Englishtown, New Jersey. Your business GROWS when you grow and sell through NCA NATIONAL CRANBERRY ASSOCIATION, Hanson, Massachusetts Tel. Bryantville: Cypress 3-6311 Cranberries -The National Cranberry Magazine -link page Cranberries -The National Cranberry Magazine -link page PREVIOUS.................Cranberries -The National Cranberry Magazine June, 1959 NEXT..................Cranberries -The National Cranberry Magazine August, 1959 GO TO INDEX
|Title||Cranberries - The National Cranberry Magazine, 1959-07|
|Subject||Cranberries - The Magazine;|
|Rights||2008 Wetherby Cranberry Library;|
|Submitting Institution||Wetherby Cranberry Library;|
|Coverage-Spatial||Cape Cod; New Jersey; Wisconsin; Oregon; Washington; Canada|
|Creator||Bob Taylor; Carolyn Gilmore; Carolyn Laban; Irving Demoranville; Phillip E. Marucci; Elizabeth G. Carpenter; I. V. Hall; Arthur Poole; Azmi Y. Shawa, Tod D. Planer; Dan Brockman; Joan E. Humphrey|
|Date Last Updated||2008-11-10|
|Relation||Cranberries - The National Cranberry Magazine|
|Description||The magazine entitled, “Cranberries – The National Cranberry Magazine,” describes grower information, regional news, and developments in the cranberry industry in the United States and Canada.|
|Publisher||Clarence J. Hall|
|Rights||2008 Wetherby Cranberry Library|
|Submitting Institution||Wetherby Cranberry Library|
|Creator||Cranfest; Warrens Cranberry Festival|
|Date Last Updated||2008-10-15|
|Relation||cranfest recipe brochures|
|Description||For more photographs like this one, visit the Cranberry Library Photostream on Flickr at: http://www.flickr.com/photos/cranberrylibrary/sets/|
|Publisher||Cranfest; Warrens Cranberry Festival|
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