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CRANBERRIES THE NATIONAL CRANBERRY MAGAZINE Volume 46, No. 3 March 1982 Inflatable boom.. .3 Pesticide drift .. 10 I ^ II J^ ^ I I IIT I ^ II -~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ «s ^^-' ^rBI i ^T~ IiL^ if Ii I \^T/ I I m ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ I ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Ir II L &-SON INC I Your Yearc-Ron evieCne I CRNER HIHA'ESWRHM MASAHSET 02576 (6729-55 i~ IU III»H IUHIIIIIIMIIIIIIIIPmlllllllllllH IIIIIIIbln »MIIIHIIIIIIiim lllIIIIIIIU n(IMIHIIltlIUU 2~ ~ ~ I II~ For water harvesting Develop inflatable boom By JOHN S. NORTON In the water-harvestoperation, b the wooden booms used for coral-l ling the berries and moving them to shore are cumbersome to move and require a substantial number of man-hours to assemble and disassemble in the course of a season.d 1 c In an attempt to reduce the labor requirement and improve EER EARTHMO G the ease of handling, an inflatable boom, weighing about ½lb. per foot was developed at the Massa-v chusetts Cranberry Experimendt ' t 1 Station. This boom consists of an inflatable plastic tube, 21/½ inches . Inflatable cranberry collection boom on storage and transport of fishnet suspended below it. reel. Reel is 4 feet long and contains 500 feet of boom. Note the cable The net is attached to the tube lacing the fishnet together along the lower edge of the tubing and the (Fig. 1)by wrapping it around second cable laced along the lower edge of the netting. the tube and lacing a 1/8-inch (Photo by John S. Norton) diameter cable through the the reel (Fig. 2) used to store it deployed within 10 minutes of in diameter,Figurewitha narrowstrip meshes of the net where the edge for transporting. The 500 foot the time of arrival at the desired meets the middle of the net length was regularly inflated and (continued on page 6) under the tube, This forms a sleeve around the plastic tube. A second 1/8-inch cable is laced through the lower edge of the net to provide weight to submerge ER EARTHMOVING INC. the net and for pulling the net from its lower edge when the boom is in use. One end of the tube is plugged and the other end is equipped with a valve for inflating and deflating. "We're Best on Earth" THE CRANBERRY Station boom is 500 feet long. It occupies One yd. CAT backhoe only 10 cubic feet when coiled on it. Bog Construction ® ® ®a a ® ® e o Land Clearing COVER PHOTO Canal Work BOB JOHNSON of South Carver, Flume Setting Mass., "making sand while the ice Pond Construction lasts.' Other scenes of winter in Contact: Ditching Massachusetts cranberry country Peter K. Meier are on page 9. 63 South Street (CRANBERRIES photo by Halifax, MA 02338 Grower references available Carolyn Caldwell) (617) 293-3218 Equipped with swamp mats 0·800 00000003 Evital controls nutgrass and cutgrass. And 14 more troublesome weeds in cranberries. Evital doesn't fall short in effective weed control. It stops 16 profit-robbing weeds, including tough ones like smoke grass, spike rush, and barnyard grass. * ev-l is the pre-emergence herbicide that now can be applied in the fall or spring. * evol stops tough weeds in cranberries better than any other granular herbicide. * ev-ol is a sand-core granule making it an outstanding aerial formulation; easy ground application as well. * evolI isthe No. 1choice to apply over newly-sanded bogs to prevent weed emergence. It's the broad spectrum weed-control herbicide that cranberry growers depend on year after year. (Use herbicides effectively. Read and follow label directions carefully.) AGRANULAR HERBICIDE FOR CRANBERRIES S\ SANDOZ Sandoz, Inc. Crop Protection/480 Camino Del Rio South/San Diego, CA 92108 Copyright, 1981, Sandoz, Inc. 4 _"__________^ The •" :" P— CHARLES W.HARRIS |• <Se~ditor~ia~lS Company IU I lftl ^ 451 Old Somerset Avenue JU^ l / -./.>}.. North Dighton, Mass. Phone 824-5607 AMES No trlumpets, please IrrigationSystems RAIN BIRD Monthly, for years, Irving E. Demoranville has been chronicling Sprinklers the Massachusetts weather for CRANBERRIES from his seat at the HALE Cranberry Experiment Station. In addition to reporting on temper- Pumps ature and precipitation, he also includes notes on what other Highest Quality Products staffers are doing: Brodel presented two papers on the sharp-nosed with Satisfaction Guaranteed berry flicker, Norton attended a meeting on perpetual motion harvesters, and so on. In the latest report by "Dee," as he is affectionately called, C T S there is no mention, absolutely no mention, that he is the individual C ANBI who has succeeded the recently retired Chet Cross as station ,THENA TIONA L CRANRERRY director. We learned about his appointment from a Cape Cod MA GA ZINE Cranberry Growers Association release. Buried in the release VOLUME 46-NO. 3 was a statement that Dee would have to give up some of his duties March 1982 as secretary-treasurer of the association because of the demands Send correspondence to: of his new post. Tell ya, in an age of self-celebration, Dee is a P.O. Box 249 refreshing exception. We add our best wishes that his new journey as captain of Co t C 044 the ship will be long, productive and satisfying. Bob Taylor, Publisher/Editor ADVISORS, CORRESPONDENTS 29522Office X 2952 MASSACHUSETTS-Irving E. A T 0 K.Bt20o7 Demoranville, Director, Cranberry Experiment Station; Carolyn Caldwell, lCRANBERRYX Rochester; Dr. Chester E. Cross, East Sandwich. ~~~~GROWERS I ^-NEW Marucci, SERVICE JERSEY-Philip E. Cranberry and Blueberry Specialist, MH-J.^Cranberry lEP~~f"~~~ and Blueberry Laboratory, Chatsworth; Elizabeth M. Carpenter, Chatsworth. NOVA SCOTIA-I.V. Hall, Botanist, D. Beaton ^ / P. Beaton Research Station, Kentville. -A lH~ |OREGON-Arthur ~888~-1288VIMa 947~-3601 Poole, Coos 947-360 Specializing in WASHINGTON-Azmi Y. Shawa, bS~pe~Ci~al~lZ~ingin Horticulturist and Extension Agent in Horticulture, Coastal Wash. Res. and 888-1288 AI County Extension Agent, Coquille. • DITCHING * NETTING Ext, Unit, Long Beach. • SANDING * WEED CLIPPING WISCONSIN-Tod D. Planer, Farm Management Agent, Wood County; • COMPLETE BOG * HARVESTING Joan E. Humphrey, Friendship. MANAGEMENT (Wet & Dry) CRANBERRIES is published monthly by the Taylor Publishing Co., Wellwyn Also Drive, Portland CT 06480. Second class postage is paid at the Portland, Conn., Post Office. Price is $8 a year, Complete line of portable Crisafulli Pumps 2" -16" $15 for two years, 80 cents acopy in Plastic netting for suction boxes the U.S.;$9 ayear in Canada;$10 a Plastic netting for suction boxes year in all other countries. Copyright 1981 by Taylor Publishing. ISSN: 0011-0787 INFLATABLE BOOM... (continued from page 3) location for deployment. Equipment for inflating the boom consisted of a low pressure pump driven by a 2 co HP air-cooled engine The boom has been demonstrated numerous times. Ina two cases in which large crops were involved, it was used to successfully corral and move 1,500 barrels and 2,200 barrels of berries to the loading area in single sweeps. It does not work well where vegetation protrudes through the water surface. In this case, the net is lifted and the berries are left behind. It is also necessary to use short lengths of wooden booms to feed the elevator from the larger mass of corralled berries just as must be done when using long strings of wooden booms for corralling the berries. The inflatable boom works very well with the boom-tug described in CRANBERRIES Vol. 45, No. 8, Aug. 1978. F ~andBRICATION OFof FABRIATION OF INFLATABLE BOOM Fabrication of the inflatable boom is relatively simple but may require more time than first expected. The first step,isobviously,to acquire the necessary materials for a boom of the desired length. These consist of the following: Flexible tubing-50 mil. thick, PVC or Vinyl, collapsible tubing. Nylon fish netting-No. 18 nylon thread, 11/2 inch stretch; measure (3/4 inch square), 24 meshes wide. Cable-1/8-inch galvanized or stainless steel cable. This should be at least twice the length of the boom. End plugs-two metal end -plugs for the tubing, equipped with small, quick shutoff valves to provide for inflation and deflation of the tubing. Couplings-lightweight metal couplings for joining lengths of tubing together. Tubing clamps-Stainless steel strap clamps for clamping tubing to end plugs and coupling. Wiring harness clamps nylon clamps-nylon electric wiring harness clamps for attaching cable to netting at 15 foot intervals to prevent sliding of the cable through the netting during use. After acquiring the tubing, netting After acquiring the tubing, netting . Figure 2. Inflated boom corralling floating cranberries. Netting extends about 10 inches below the tubing. and cable, the first items to prepare are the end plugs. These may be made by welding or brazing a cover plate to a 2-inch length of thin-wall steel tubing. The steel tubing should have the same outside diameter as the inside diameter the plastic tubing. A hole must be drilled through the cover plate and a 1/ inch pipe coupling welded into the hole to accomodate a 1/4inch gas shut- off valve. All welds must be airtight, Both end plugs should be provided with valves. The valves should have insert-type hose connections for easy connection to the pump. The tubing couplings may be made from 2 inch lengths of the same (Photo by John S. Norton) steel tubing used in making the end plugs. THE SECOND STEP is the assembly of the netting to the inflatable tubing. On a once-in-a lifetime assembly, there is probably no comfortable way to do this. Since a single length of boom will be 300 to 500 feet, it would seem that the best place to make the assembly would be on alarge, paved area. The tubing may then be laid out in a snake-like fashion, back and forth across the area. The end plugs should be installed if there is sufficient aea t a de e uin If t area is too small, one end Niemi Electric Co. ROBERT NIEMI ELECTRICAL CONTRACTORS HEAT, LIGHT and POWER WIRING 0 RESIDENTIAL COM1MERCIAL a INDUSTRIAL INDUSTRIAL TEL. 295-1880 Robert Niemi PinehurstDr. Wareham, Mass. Robert Niemi Pinehurst Dr. Wareham, Mass. plug should be installed and as much tubing snaked out as the area will accomodate, leaving 3 to 4 feet of space between strands or runs. At this time, clamp the tubing between two pieces of wood where it enters the coil. Then partially inflate the tubing that has been spread out on the floor, through the valve in the end plug. Now lay the strip of netting around the tubing and join it to the middle of the netting at the 10th row of meshes. This will form a sleeve around the tube, which will not only be the means of attaching the net to the tube, but will also provide some protection against puncture of the tubing by brush stubbles. The method used in joining the edge of the net to the middle of the net is to insert an edge-mesh through the center of the net and lace the 1/8- inch cable through the loop of the edge-mesh. This procedure is continued at about 7-mesh intervals along the entire length of the tubing. In order to insure that the sleeve formed around the tube is of constant width, the edge of the net must be attached to the same row of meshes near the center of the net, along its entire length. Finding the proper lacing points may be simplified by marking one corner of each mesh, where a connection is to be made, with a felt marking pencil. Both the edge-mesh and the corresponding center mesh should be marked. This should be done before the net is placed in position for attachment to the tube. The marking may be done at a small table or desk. A reference line to indicate the 10th row of meshes should be drawn on the table. At right angles to this line, draw reference lines to indicate the meshes that will be joined together, to form the sleeve around the tube. The net may be passed over the table and quickly marked at the appropriate reference section and the netting attached to the tubing. After the netting has been attached to sufficient tubing for a complete boom, a second 1/8-inch cable should be laced along the lower edge of the net. Sufficient length of both strands of cable should extend beyond both ends of the tubing to permit the attachment of ropes or other devices for towing the boom across the bog. The two cables should be securely clamped together at both ends of the boom. The length of the lower cable between the clamps should be about 2 feet less than that of the upper cable. This will cause the net to fold under the berries slightly, making it more difficult for the boom to slip over the top of the corralled berries. Because of the elasticity of the PVC tubing, it will stretch when it is in tension. This surplus length will gradually work back along the cables and appear as kinks in the tubing unless the loops in the netting are restrained from slipping along the cables. The kinks interfere with deflation of the tubing and subsequent reeling of the boom onto the transport drum. The stretching of the tubing can also cause the net to be slack at the kink, allowing it to ride up over the berries. This must be prevented in order for the boom to work prperly. The method we used to deeomet o event the development of kinks was to securely tie the upper cable (the one near the tube), to the netting at 15 foot intervals. The stretch occurring in 15 feet probably does not c not (Turn the page) IX Get the jump on good buys with a line of credit Ce to happen a lot. Just when a good buy attachedcomes along, cash is short. But it doesn't have to be that way. Not when PCA sets up a li With a line of credit from PCA, the money's ready when you need it. There's no interest charge till you use it. Come on in. Let us help you cash in on those early good buys with a carefully planned line of credit. Production Credit Associations of Wisconsin eA be marked before any of it is attached points. The entire length of net may .Seems s to the tube or marking may precede the tube attachment of the net to the tube according to the desires of the installer. WHEN YOU GET to the point where the tubing has been sealed by clamping between two boards, the completed section may be stretched out or spread out in an open area adjoining the paved area and a new batch of tubing snaked out and sealed. The clamp and boards should be removed from the tubing to permit inflation of the newly spread out in preparation for loading Conventeffective as the nylon harness tiesinto truck. would be the use of split fishnet weights to anchor the cable to the net. The split weight could be crimped cable to bud upover the cable and a strand of the net much more readily than the tape and nylon tie can be installed. As mentioned above, tSeparate lengths of tubing may was repeated have to be joined together to ,.. ~~~~~~~along ~produce the desired length of boom. Some types of tubing may be available that are readily cemented together. However, the PVC used in the Experiment Station unit is not easily lower edge of tcemented. We were unable to produce 1:'' .^1couplings. Figure 3. Mass of cranberries surrounded by inflatable collection boom, in preparation for loading into trucks. Conventional, sectional wooden boom is shown inside the bounds of the inflatable boom. a cemented joint that did not leak air. We finally resorted to hard We used a 2 inch length of thin wall tubing inside the plastic and a stainless steel strap-clamp outside. Electrician's tape was wrapped around the ends of the steel tubing before it was inserted into the plastic, to prevent the edges from cutting through the plastic. The metal coupling was inserted into the end of one length of plastic tubing. Then the end of the other length of plastic tubing was stretched over the coupling and first tube. Several layers of electrician's tape were then wrapped around the assembled coupling and the stainless steel clamp installed. The clamp was then wrapped with masking tape to protect the tubing from puncture by any sharp edges or ends of the clamp. One feature of the inflatable boom that increases its utility is the ease with which it can be drawn along the edge of the bog to collect the berries close (continued on page 11) problem. THE METHOD used in tying the cable to the netting was to wrap masking tape around the cable to build up the diameter to about 1/4inch. A nylon, electronic-harness-tie was then drawn tightly around the wrapped cable and a few strands of netting. As mentioned above, this procedure was repeated at 15 foot intervals along the entire length of the boom. The upper cable was also attached securely to the end plugs of the boom to prevent any movement of the ends of the boom along the cable. The lower cable, the one laced along the lower edge of the netting, was not POLLINATION HONEY (Photo by John S. Norton) attached to the net in a way to prevent slipping of the net along the cable. It was, however, attached to the upper cable by means of cable clamps, about 6 feet beyond each end of the boom. Joining of the two cables together beyond the ends of the boom insured equal tension on both the lower edge and upper edge of the netting. As mentioned earlier, the length of the lower cable, between the clamps, should be about 2 feet less than the length of the upper cable to reduce the possibility of the boom sliding up and over the berries. Referring back to the method of tying the cable to the netting, an alternate method that may be as eCLE L LEICONSIN CRANBERRY J~avu"i c/Jf2La~d SEVIN XLR JONATHAN J. HARRIS DEVRINOL lOG * EVITAL * GUTHION (617) 298-4623 DIAZINON 14G * PARATHION * ETHREL WISCONSIN CRANBERRY HEADQUARTERS FOR 576 RIVER STREET MATTAPAN, MA 02126 Cole Chemical Supply Approx. 100 Hives Available DIVISION OF -Huhk/7s AGRICULTURAL CHEMICAL CO. P.O. BOX 7211, MADISON, WiSCONSiN 53707 608-9~1-1581 ::~~~~~~~~~~ The ways deep, the weather sharp, the days short, the sun farthest off in solstitio brurnali, the very _____ -of Winter.~~~~~~~dead -Bishop Lancelot Andrewes, (1622) (CRANBERRIES photos by Carolyn Caldwell) ^1 M^^~~~~~Growers^~ » eo s~k C^tGrower s speak out f0n eypfstie. By CAROLYN CALDWELL The movement of pesticides beyond the target area is a problem Louis F. Wells, pesti- problem, Louis F. Wells, pesti- cide program supervisor for the Massachusetts Department of Food and Agriculture, told a group of growers and applicators Jan. 27, adding that "anyone who would deny it is not living in the real world." THE OCCASION was the first of three meetings being held by a subcommittee of the state Pesticide Board to gain public input prior to formulating a "nonregulatory" policy statement on pesticide movement. The meeting was held at the Massachusetts Cranberry Experiment Station. Another was held Feb. 17 in Danvers and the third, set for March 17 in Amherst, is expected to draw environmentalists as well as farmers and applicators. Grower Douglas Beaton called dp^^~~~f 4e~^dP^ ~Decas A Sof~: 1 e ordshould . a draft of the state policy statement "rather vague." "I wouldn't want to be in your shoes judging what is an unreasonable adverse effect," he added. Said Clark Griffith, president of the Cape Cod Growers Assn.: "I've been an active cranberry grower for at least 15 years and in that 15 years I've seen a tremendous effort by growers to control drift .... Many pesticides are applied by irrigation system and result in a distinct control of drift. We apply them on a calm night when there's no wind and our flume boards are in. We're as concerned as the environmentalist to control what we put in. We take great pains to put on only what we have to and use as little as possible." Persons making judgments on pesticide drift as well as those subject to regulations need to better understand what is expected of them," said grower Benjamin Gilmore. He advocated "less personal judgment" in evaluating the use of pesticides. Subcommittee chairman John C. said farmers and applicators not be held "responsible for an act of God" and noted "the grower gains nothing by chemicals that go beyond the target area." Grower Decas fills the one slot representing agriculture of the 13 on the Pesticide Board. DANIEL CLARK president of C&W Ag Air Service, proposed controlling dropet size in aerial applications as a meas o tin esce ita that c in som subeneficial.s mosquito control, "drift is owning, horticultural Jere Downing, horticultural coordinator for Ocean Spray, said the cooperative's growers "support drift control" as well as "the concept of unreasonable adverse effects in specific incidents when they occur," but do not support "a widespread monitoring program." Monitoring, he said, is not only prohibitively expensive but assumes aviolation has occurred. Growers favor "flexibility" in the final document and limiting residential areas adjacent to areas historically A MOST COMPLETE INVENTORY OF IRRIGATION ACCESSORIES FOR THE CRANBERRY INDUSTRY ;^fC Gorman-Rupp Self PrimingElectric Sprinkler Pumps Proven Quick Couple Riser Ingersoll-RandWater Harvest Pumps Aluminum Insert Coupling For 4" Poly Pipe a Contact: Contact: Larchmont Engineering Bill Stearns, Plymouth, Mass. Phil Tropeano, President (617) 746-6048 (617) 862-2550 (Call Collect) (617) 746-2610 agricultural, Downing said. Griffith said growers "in general felt common sense must prevail and a statement about drift must be administratively simple yet complex enough to cover all situations." "LIFE EXPECTANCY is increasing steadily in the much pesticided United States," said Unite, retired Experiment Station Director Chester E. Cross. "I really think the media generally has scared the day- lights out of the American public about pesticides. We were unmercifully clobbeed on Nov. 9, 1959 clobbered (aminotriazole scare) and I think people in the cranberry industry are people in the cranberry dustry are particularly sensitive." INFLATABLE BOOM ... (continued from page 8) to the shore. In order to make use of this feature, a V-shaped "plow" must be made, to be attached to the leading end of the boom. This may consist of two 36 inch long, 1 inch by 6 inch boards assembled to form a "V" that will float with the boards on edge in the water. In use, the leading end of the boom will be inside the "V" and as the "V" is drawn along the edge of the water, the berries will be swept out of the grass and along the boom. In order to keep the net from riding out of the water too easily in passing over the grass and weeds near the shore, the first 25 feet of net should be weighed down with lead weights, a length of 5/16 inch or heavier cable or chain, TRANSPORTREELFORBOOM The inflatable boom may be transported when deflated, by folding it back and forth in a pickup truck. However, this may result in. crisscrossing of the net and tubing, which will make proper deployment difficult. More satisfactory transport, One hundred feet of boom will occupy about 13/4 cubic feet of space onthe reelwhencompletely deflated. A reel, 3 feet in diameter with an 8 inch core, would accomodate 380 feet of boom for each foot of width of the reel. of thne oreel. DEPLOYMENT OF BOOM The reel greatly facilitates deployment of the boom. The pump of 125 psi. A 500 foot boom would may be attached to the filler valve in require a 20 gallon tank for only one the end plug of the boom by means inflation. This would leave the user of a short hose. As soon as the pump without any reserve to reinflate the is started, the boom must be unreeled tube without recharging the air tank. into the water. If the water is deep The tank would probably be more enough to keep most of the net above cumbersome to transport and might the vines and if the wind is not blow-even be as costly as the pump and ing the boom back toward the power unit. Therefore, I recommend it is not difficult to unloading site, it is not difficult to use of a portable pumping unit to inflate and deploy the boom at the inflate the boom because of its rate of 100 feet per minute Down-versatility. A very simple method of wind deployment i the easiest inflation is to insert the tube over the because the wind assists in moving end of the exhaust pipe of a vehicle the d d t t a end of the exhaust pipe of a vehicle the wayengine. and run P U O T O T B A low pressure pump may be The boom is designed to be used used to inflate the boom since only just as the wooden booms are used a few psi pressure is needed. The (Fig. 3). However, because of its light pump used in the Experiment Station weight, the inflatable boom will trials was a unit designed for use on probably be used in greater continuous auto emission control systems. It is lengths than the conventional boom. the air injection pump on some GM This will permit its deployment along cars. It should be available from auto the downwind side of a bog before parts stores or in auto salvage yards. picking is started, so that it may The suggestion has been made to prevent the berries from drifting into use a compressed air tank to inflate the grass along the shore. It is the boom. It was felt that the tank conceivable that after a few hours could be filled by an air compressor some growers may have acquired and transported to the field where its enough boom to completely surround contents could be used to inflate the a bog before picking it and thereby boom. This probably is not practical. be able to collect all the berries at The tubing has a capacity of approx-the loading point in a single sweep. mately 35 gallons per 100 feet of As stated at the outset, the boom boom when inflated to 3 inches does not work satisfactorily in shallow diameter. If the tube were inflated water. It is also necessary to move the to a pressure of 2/2 psi, the volume berries into the elevator with short of the pressure tank would have to lengths of wooden boom when the be 4 gallons per 100 feet of boom volume of berries enclosed by the when starting with a tank pressure inflatable boom is large. ** * * * * M s o Since 1933 the SICPC ^ ^. & , In . (UlageVVIWley & Co., Inc. 3 STOCKS & BONDS 40 Court Street, Plymouth, Mass. 02361 2 D 617-746-3322 Call Toll Free in Mass. 1-800-242-0263 A * A * * * * I * A A * *I *I I * Vg:"ip\\\\\1W1MN\ / K 0 a-d K,,x Install the flow gates now that generations will rely on. Felker flow gates are built to last, thanks to famous Felker welded construction, generously braced designs, and highest quality materials. Manufactured in aluminum only. Standard sized for conduits from 15-to 48-inch diameters with riser widths from 24-to 72-inches, height as required. Single, double and triple log channel designs, other sizes available upon application. For OUR virtually any size or water control application, STRENGTH Felker Brothers are flow gate specialists. Send for ISMETAL free bulletin. FELKER BROTHERS CORPORATION Marshfield. Wisconsin 54449 PHONE 715-384-3121 TWX 510-370-1846 TELEX 29-3451 + -ily^V I l Weathell r N ^t 7 o XV c ,acY 1 MASSACHUSETTS was an extremely cold month, January averaging 8 degrees a day below month, averaging 8 degrees a day below normal. This was the fifth coldest in normal. This was the fifth coldest in our records. Maximum temperature was 55 degrees on the 4th and minimum minus 6 degrees on the 18th. Warmer than average days were the 1st, 4th through 7th and 23rd. Cooler than average periods were the 3rd, 8th through 13th, 15th, 17th through 19th, 21st, 22nd and 25th through 27th. Precipitation totaled 4.31 inches, which is normal. There was some measurable precipitation on 11 days, with 1.14 inches on the 4th as the greatest storm. Snowfall was a total of 17.5 inches, which isjust over twice our normal There.was measurable snow on five days, with 6.5 inches on the 14th-15th as the largest single storm. December temperatures averaged exactly normal, a rare occurrence, especially when daily maximumch belw temperatures were generally quite low due to cloudy, wet weather. However, the clouds tended to keep nighttime temperatures mild, thus a mild month. Maximum temperature was 56 degrees on the 2nd and minimum 12 degrees on the 21st. Warmer than average days were on the than average days were the 6th, 8th to 11th, 13th, 14th, 17th, 19th to 21st, 25th, 30th and 31st. Precipitation totaled 6.18 inches, or about 2 inches above normal. There was measurable precipitation on 16 days, with 1.69 inches on the 15th as the greatest storm. Snowfall totaled 10.5aboutinchesdouble orour Precipitation for 1981 totaled 44.62 inches, which is 2/4inches below ~ normal. This total was 103/4 inches more than in 1980. Greatest precipi- tation for one storm was 4.02 inches on Feb. 24 and 27. Months with substantially above normal precipitation were February, June and December. Months with much below normal amounts were January, March, August and September. Snowfall for the year totaled 37.3 inches or about 10 inches ************** above our normal. The greatest snowstorm was on Jan. 16-17, with 8.5 inches. I.E.D. NEW JERSEY The year 1981 at the Pemberton station was a little drier and a little cooler than normal. The average annual temperature was 52.8F, or 1.0 degrees below normal. A drought period of moderate severity occurred during the late * * * * * * Taun t a^A * aU n IM as . * 22 A cres of * P rimle Cranberry Bogs * * 0 Bogs Ready to Be Rebuilt Includes 2ndto 4th,1Former 10 House Lots With Water Frontage *Completely Engineered for Reactivation. * 1,500 ft. Frontage on Plain St. 51 Acre Farm. *Zoned Residential. City Electric, Water & *Paved Roads. Excellent Groundwater Supply. * Conservation & Wetlands Approved. Ponds, *C average, with 6.5 inches on the 5th-6th. Ja2nd to 4th, 15th and 23rd. Cooler************************ For the year 1981, our temperature Wells, Stone Walls & Cranberry Vines. averaged 1.2 degrees a day below *For Health Reasons, Owners Willing to normal. The only substantially warmer Finance, 10% Down. Creative Financing. than normal months were February and June. Months with much below *0 * normal temperatures were January, $6,000 per Acre August, September, October and November. Maximum temperature for * Stephen Horbach & Co. the year was 95 degrees on July 9. * Mountain Lakes, N.J. 07046 (201) 334-5008 Minimum was minus 10 degrees on * Jan. 12. summer and early autumn. Water supply problems were mitigated by heavy rains for three consecutive months preceding the dry period and by timely rains in October. January, March, July, August, September and November had deficient rainfall while February, April, May, June, October and December had greater than normal amounts. —_^^*^^ ^• *•~ FOR SUPER PRICES ON P.V.C., ALUMINUM PIPE, ALL TYPES OF IRRIGATION PUMPS AND NELSON SPRINKLERS, ETC. CALL (617) 826-2706 or (617) 447-3505 ~l~::i.f« or, "AAK, 'AW mW Aw Aw , This has been the second successive year of subnormal rainfall, which reverses an apparent trend. Contrary to press reports, the rainfall pattern at Pemberton in recent years has been decidedly wetter than normal. During the past 20 years, 12 have had excessive rainfall Over the past 20 years there has been a deviation from normal of plus 21.31 inches, or 1.07 inches above normal per year. During the past 10 years, the excess rainfall has been much more pronounced, a total of 41.33 inches or 4.13 more than normal per year. There have been only 10 years of rainfall exceeding 50 inches in the 52 year weather recording history at Pemberton and four of these occurred during the last decade, including the rainiest ever, 61.75 in 1979. It snowed only five times through- out the year and the total snow accumulation was only 14 inches. This is about 5 inches and one snow- fall below normal. The duration of snow coverage on the ground, an important agricultural consideration, was 19 days. The 17 days in January was the fourth longest period of snow coverage for this month in 52 years. With respect to temperature, eight of the months (January, March, May, August, September, October, November and December) were colder than normal. January, with an average temperature of 25.3 degrees, or 7.3 degrees below normal, was the only month in which noteworthy extremes prevailed. Below zero temperatures occurred on three days and the 10 below zero reading on Jan. 13 was the fourth coldest day ever recorded in January and was the seventh coldest day in 52 years. Below zero readings have not been frequent in Pemberton. They have occurred only on 80 days, in only 14 of the 52 Januaries and in 12ofthe Februaries. About half(27) of the years have been free of subzero temperatures. The spring frost season was comparatively carefree. There were a few spotty areas, very small in dimension, where some very light frost damage was observed but these were limited to bogs drawn in March or early April. On most New Jersey bogs the winter flood is traditionally not withdrawn until May 10 and these bogs were almost entirely free of frost :: ;:' ',:',.1'-:.'•::r-d, <-'.M-'.. .: :.'11 ., .,.:,fl».>a»«,il,.>«^D ~~W' :-11, 4W AW. ~W, '40 AW 4W. )M, A* $* v Bog construction Vine setting aI Flumes and flume work i: i i Nemasket Construction Co., Inc. * 1 275Wareham St., Middleboro MA 02346275 Wareham St., Middleboro MA 02346 * * (617) 947-1723 5 14 injury. At Whitesbog, on some of the better than normal crop produced on A reading of 12 degrees F was semi-abandoned bogs on the "old these bogs is considered to be the recorded on a cranberry bog at Whites- property," not a single spring flooding result of lack of water damage as well bog on April 22. On this day, the for frost protection was made. The as the lack of frost. minimum temperature was 23 degrees in the upland weather shelter at the ... C...................__-____________________ .......... Rutgers bogs and 20 on the bog. No damage could be found on the Rutgers 1M.H ow es althbogs drawnty in March 15 or April 1, C. we n: although they were not flooded or (•~~~~~~~~~~~~~C '( sprinkled. At Whitesbog, bogs drawn Specializing in in March for installation of irrigation lines were completely protected by Agricultural Construction sprinklers. The autumn frost season was replete RuWnie~Lsl subfreezing nights. Despite thePi~~ Fnlumes ywith fact that most growers lacked enough ^iffllll Canals water for flooding, very little frost Land Clearing damage to berries was sustained. At Sanding Whitesbog, from Oct. 10-17, there were six nights of below 20 degrees MERT HOWES Waterholes readings, including two of 15 degrees. 295-5542 Ditching Water was lacking for flooding but the Dikes Early Black berries endured the severe Grading frosts with only negligible damage. 619 COUNTY ROAD Extremely hot days were less W. WAREHAM, MASS. prevalent than normal. The hottest ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~02576 in the year was 95 degrees F on ~~day both June 16 and July 9. There were only 18 ninety degree days in the ___________________________________________ entire year, which is eight less than normally occurs. However, there was a period of very hot weather from the middle to the end of June, during Cwhich the temperature on bogs Ac^~~~~tZ frequently soared to above 90 degrees O and close to 100 degrees F (unsheltered _ _L;^~~~~ -_^^^I~ as opposed to sheltered ;;,'<<!^ ^^ ^^ ^~ 3^^temperatures *^^ . ,ti'q^~~lt^ weather readings). These severe temper R1./fiV\\ % atures occurred on at least 12 days i during the flowering period. E A review of the weather during the ^1 M .. .. B _ points out two weather factors .year which might have been responsiblePe1dt... *^^P e~ for the disappointing crop in the state 1. the drought period of July, August and September; 2. and the very hot weather during the flowering period in late June. The latter is considered to be the most likely cause. A Solid th Undoubtedly, bogs without irrigation may have been harmed by the drought but even much of the Investmen& IIl IILacreage* _ which was irrigated had poor t crops. The rainfall deficiencies of 0.69, requires solid financing . . . and that's our spe-0.96 and 1.26, respectively, for July, cialty. Credit for equipment, land, buildings ... all August and September were of such a your financial needs. For Credit .. .Plus a full lightmagnitudethattheirrigation should have prevented appreciable range of other finance-related services, see your X losses. local Farm Credit representative. The hot weather during the flowering period was of sufficient P.O. Box 7 Taunton, Mass. 02780 Tel: (617) 824-7578 severity to have caused "blasting" of Office: Located on Rt. 44, 1/4 Mile West of Rt. 24 flowers and even of small berries. The L use of sprinkler systems to cool vines could have prevented blasting damage The board has voted not to join but, unfortunately, they were utilized Go wVers the National Association of Agricultural only for water deficiency and, at the *a Employers. time of the hot weather, there had been con tI ue "This organization was helpful ample rainfall.The use of the irrigation ,, A when the industry negotiated for systems to lessen the severity of COUJf &lght contract migrant labor," Clark A. extreme heat should become a standard Griffith, CCCGA president, said. "This practice. At the Rutgers bogs, where Grower David Mann told a recent type of labor is no longer being used the sprinklers were used for this meeting of the Board of director of and the feeling was that the money purpose, an exceptionally good crop r could be better used elsewhere." the Cape Cod Cranberry Growerrrs was harvested. Assn. that lawyers representing the Dr. Karl Deubert reported on his P.E.M. growers are proceeding with a Supreme nutrient and color studies and Court appeal in the farmland taxation court apeanhefrmanaxrequested a list of priorities for further NOVA SCOTIA case. studies. Decision was made to study No headway has been made, he For those who think our North said, with the Wareham Board of further Dr. Bert Zuckerman's request American climate is getting warmer, Assessors, which refuses to use the for funding of a graduate student to the weather records of January should state Farm d A y C e help in pathology research. Dr. Charles throw a little cold water on the idea. aguieline ,Advlu sory C Brodel presented six possible insect va e It wasn't just cold water here in Nova researc projects. Scotia, it was a cold driving wind with a high chill factor. I believe we have had two nights when it went to minus H h vl e t ailer Pum 24 and minus 25 degrees C. High I ilA pps Cranberries were, however, protected by a covering of snow. i would expect some problems in 1982 associated with oxygen deficiency. 1 The following item from the2 to 16 inch discharge lme British Columbia Department of 20 foot tongue 1060 3rd St. N. Agriculture is of interest: "Production PT shaft Wisconsin Rapids WI 54494 of cranberries is expected to be up slightly in 1982, as yields on some of with (715) 421-0917 the new bogs increase. Planting of marine bearing new acreage is expected to continue over the next year." I.V.H. It's historically questionable that either turkey or cranberries were served at the first recorded Thanks-rI'l giving feast of the Pilgrims in 1621. More likely, the early settlers ate i goose, duck and venison. NK Dave Fish CRANBERRY GROWERS Dave Fs h REALTY Listings of buyers andNE I sellers welcomed on i C AI cranberry acreage and upland. Appraisals Fl Drag Line, Clam Shell, Pembroke, Mass. Land Clearing, Water 293-2976 DOUGLAS R. BEATON Holes Dug E. Sandwich, Mass. 02537 (617) 888-1288 IT TAKES :JUST ONE HERBICIDE, USED ONCE AYEAR, : TO GET TO THE ROOT OF-YOUR WEED PROBLEMS. / proved to themselves that / CASORON gives the most effective control possible. Control that makes good economic sense. Try ityourself. Get the once-a-year herbicide that puts an end to weed problems: CASORON herbicide granules. CASORON® G-4 HERBICIDE CASORON is a Reg. TM of Duphar B.V., Amsterdam, Holland. CASORON® G-4 herb- kill problem weeds the first icide, by itself, controls more time around. And the follow- than 40 weeds, including ing spring, it will save you ferns, rushes and sedges expensive man-hours norm- that can cut your cranberry ally spent spraying or hand- yields. And CASORON gets weeding stragglers. them all with just one pre-For more than adecade, season application. cranberry growers have CASORON strikes weeds where they're most vulner- able: at their roots. It stops . even the hardiest perennials. before they have a chance to rob precious nutrients ?, : from your crop. Just apply CASORON TTIHAGRICULTURE & granules to bogs in early NUTRITION COMPANY, INC. spring and relax. CASORON CROP PROTECTION DIVISION goes to work immediately, to P.O. Box 2700 Kansas City, Kansas 66110 AUTHORIZED AGWAY REPRESENTATIVE LICENSED SPRAYING OF PESTICIDES (Seasonal) WITH A COMPLETE LINE OF: CRANBERRY INSECTICIDES * FUNGICIDES HERBICIDES * MITICIDES * and FERTILIZERS IN STOCK! ROBERT A. ALBERGHINI -SPRAYING RFD 5 PLYMOUTH STREET, CARVER, MASS. 02330 TELEPHONE: 866-4429 AGe)I~ ^For further information, call evenings after 5:30 Yes...37 years of road construction and site development experience. Established in 1941, Sylvester A. ·.PuII T ....... Ray Inc. Now one of the area's oldest and leading generall~ll l 1 ?contractors. Our convenient •BB ~~m __^^ / ~? plant in Plymouth is ready to •~~ ~ t8wor~~~~~~~18k ~furnish your immediate needs. BOG CONSTRUCTION OBOG SAND *WASHED STONE BANK GRAVEL * FILL 834-6636 RECIPE GOLD STRIKE BREAKFAST DRINK 1 egg 8 ounce Cranorange Juice Combine egg and juice. Beat or shake until well blended. Serve immediately. GRIFFITH REELECTED Clark A. Griffith, president of the Cape Cod Cranberry Growers the Cod Growers Assn., has been reelected to the Plymouth County Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service Committee for another three years. Mike's Po r t a ble Welding Cranberry Equipment Built and Repaired Clippers, Flumes and Wheel-offs, all types of equipment FREE ESTIMATE (617) 748-0014 (617) 748-1415 (617) 748-0031 ^ ^ \ Nemasket Eqipent Inc 247 N. Everett St., Middleboro MA I KUBOTiesel Equipt. Tractors 2&4 wheel drive -12-90 hp. compact Excavators -3-5 ton stationary, water cooled Engine sets -9-34 hp. ................................. All Types of Implements + Mowers 947-6299 Specialty FabricationWork Res. 947-1047 * Sales * Service * Parts * Leasing* -. . , ' . 0' Sand & Gravel Corp. Dry ScreScreeneing *Y Bog Sand Yo Bog Sand - K· ~On Site -K -K -K^~~ ~Washed Sand + Bank Sand Off Montello St. Carver, Mass. 866-4539 Res. 947 -1580 Bus. 866 --1580 In eVeR IIIDUSTRY THeRe IS a name FOR QUOLITI OCEAN SPRAY CRANBERRIES, INC., PLYMOUTH, MASS. 02360 AN EQUAL OPPORTUNITY EMPLOYER Cranberries -The National Cranberry Magazine -link page Cranberries -The National Cranberry Magazine -link page PREVIOUS.............Cranberries -The National Cranberry Magazine February, 1982 NEXT...................Cranberries -The National Cranberry Magazine April, 1982 GO TO INDEX
|Title||Cranberries - The National Cranberry Magazine, 1982-03|
|Subject||Cranberries - The Magazine;|
|Rights||2008 Wetherby Cranberry Library;|
|Submitting Institution||Wetherby Cranberry Library;|
|Coverage-Spatial||Massachusetts; New Jersey; Wisconsin; Oregon; Washington; Canada|
|Creator||Bob Taylor; Carolyn Gilmore; Carolyn Laban; Irving Demoranville; Phillip E. Marucci; Elizabeth G. Carpenter; I. V. Hall; Arthur Poole; Azmi Y. Shawa, Tod D. Planer; Dan Brockman; Joan E. Humphrey|
|Date Last Updated||2008-11-10|
|Relation||Cranberries - The National Cranberry Magazine|
|Description||The magazine entitled, “Cranberries – The National Cranberry Magazine,” describes grower information, regional news, and developments in the cranberry industry in the United States and Canada.|
|Description||For more photographs like this one, visit the Cranberry Library Photostream on Flickr at: http://www.flickr.com/photos/cranberrylibrary/sets/|
THE NATIONAL CRANBERRY MAGAZINE
Volume 46, No. 3 March 1982
Inflatable boom.. .3
Pesticide drift .. 10
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Your Yearc-Ron evieCne I
CRNER HIHA'ESWRHM MASAHSET 02576 (6729-55
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For water harvesting
Develop inflatable boom
By JOHN S. NORTON
In the water-harvestoperation, b
the wooden booms used for coral-l
ling the berries and moving them
to shore are cumbersome to move
and require a substantial number
of man-hours to assemble and
disassemble in the course of a
season.d 1 c
In an attempt to reduce the
labor requirement and improve EER EARTHMO G
the ease of handling, an inflatable
boom, weighing about ½lb. per
foot was developed at the Massa-v
chusetts Cranberry Experimendt '
This boom consists of an
inflatable plastic tube, 21/½ inches
. Inflatable cranberry collection boom on storage and transport
of fishnet suspended below it. reel. Reel is 4 feet long and contains 500 feet of boom. Note the cable
The net is attached to the tube lacing the fishnet together along the lower edge of the tubing and the
(Fig. 1)by wrapping it around second cable laced along the lower edge of the netting.
the tube and lacing a 1/8-inch (Photo by John S. Norton)
diameter cable through the the reel (Fig. 2) used to store it deployed within 10 minutes of
in diameter,Figurewitha narrowstrip
meshes of the net where the edge for transporting. The 500 foot the time of arrival at the desired
meets the middle of the net length was regularly inflated and (continued on page 6)
under the tube, This forms a
sleeve around the plastic tube.
A second 1/8-inch cable is laced
through the lower edge of the
net to provide weight to submerge ER EARTHMOVING INC.
the net and for pulling the net
from its lower edge when the
boom is in use. One end of the
tube is plugged and the other end
is equipped with a valve for
inflating and deflating. "We're Best on Earth"
THE CRANBERRY Station
boom is 500 feet long. It occupies One yd. CAT backhoe
only 10 cubic feet when coiled on it.
® ® ®a a ® ® e o Land Clearing
COVER PHOTO Canal Work
BOB JOHNSON of South Carver, Flume Setting
Mass., "making sand while the ice Pond Construction
lasts.' Other scenes of winter in Contact: Ditching
Massachusetts cranberry country Peter K. Meier
are on page 9. 63 South Street
(CRANBERRIES photo by Halifax, MA 02338 Grower references available
Carolyn Caldwell) (617) 293-3218 Equipped with swamp mats
Evital controls nutgrass
and cutgrass. And 14 more
Evital doesn't fall short in effective weed control. It stops
16 profit-robbing weeds, including tough ones like smoke grass,
spike rush, and barnyard grass.
* ev-l is the pre-emergence herbicide that now can be
applied in the fall or spring.
* evol stops tough weeds in cranberries better than any
other granular herbicide.
* ev-ol is a sand-core granule making it an outstanding
aerial formulation; easy ground application as well.
* evolI isthe No. 1choice to apply over newly-sanded bogs
to prevent weed emergence.
It's the broad spectrum weed-control herbicide that
cranberry growers depend on year after year.
(Use herbicides effectively. Read and follow label
AGRANULAR HERBICIDE FOR CRANBERRIES
Sandoz, Inc. Crop Protection/480 Camino Del Rio South/San Diego, CA 92108
Copyright, 1981, Sandoz, Inc.
•" :" P— CHARLES W.HARRIS