|Previous||1 of 1||Next|
small (250x250 max)
medium (500x500 max)
large ( > 500x500)
C:·ON "My dad says those don 't bite." POTTER CRANBERRY CO RR2 BOX 16 WARRENS WI 54666 R.A.S.MR INC. Carrying a Complete Line of: * Cranberry Chemicals and Fertilizers * Frost Alarms * Thermometers * Chemical Application Equipment * Kubota K-35 Rental Contact: Phone: Bob or Mike (508) 866-4429 3 Plymouth St. Fax: Carver, MA 02330 (508) 866-5654 Authorized Agway Representative c gE AET 0 'S Specializing in CRANBERRY * COMPLETE BOG 0 DITCHING GROWERS SERVICE MANAGEMENT * CUSTOM Hi^^^ *· HARVESTING HERBICIDE ^lay) O(WET & DRY) APPLICATION re LathaM, ^ * NETTING · SANDING Office D. Beaton K. Beaton P. Beaton (508) 295-2222 (508) 888-1288 (508) 295-2207 (508) 947-3601 Complete line of portable Crisafulli Pumps 2" -16" rSalSI Plastic netting for suction boxes _ Vol. 56, No. 8 ::~i~::Cii: ABi~i:R:iii:i:iIEiiiiii " "" "' '________________O__________T____:__:_____:_____:__:______: ............................... Ca M-023:66111 :i:: lll: : llTELi: Ag Chemicals and Cancer: Much Ado About Nothing? ............ 11111111111111111South01 Leo A. Sorenson Awarded CALS Honorary Recognition ......... 4 (508)::866-l5055i 7 FAX: .(l58i) li............. 866-2970lll. de la Garza Critizes USDA Handling of Minor Crop ...................................................................................... Pesticide Issue. 8 DVIlSORS CORRESP'ONDE Sllll 55 Years Ago in Cranberries: World's Largest Cranberry MA..SS C.HUSE.T. rvingE.Demoranl le ..ie . itoCranbiy:Experimen.St.i.o.....i.E..ai. Wareham. Bog Is On An Island ......................................... 10 Northland To Try Cranberries in the Emerald Isle .................... 12 ... ..... .. : ....... :.....:..i... .... ~. NO 1A1SC1T:IA--Robert:4. Muray,.Hor:culturist: Construction of Cranberry Bogs in Non-Traditional Settings.... 14 BerrylCopsResearchSta'tionTirll rI Pesticide Regulation Bill Passed in Subcommittee .................... 18 iPh ssociataei:Hot cutit:'Re:a:Coastal Whin-gton Columns: :WASHINGTON--Kim Patten, iD Cranberry Esio: Ui:t oLn Beach.:.:l:: il.:l::l.i~ ...llllll:l l .ll Massachusetts Field Notes lllllll:lll 17 ...i...:..l... :.........21Wisconsin Mentionables :..:...:i.....:...... .... CliRAllNERR ispubeid i:m:ontiihly: by Col 23 Regional Notes Gilmore, offCranberi South Clalliver, 24 MA 02366 Cooking Corner PotOfc.Pie s$0aya,$3/rIoyas lll:includin'g:postageoilght1992:bbie:rie Roy Fort, left, conveys some entomologi- Miaai:z:l::(i!}iiiii.iiiin.iii.iiiii.iiiiiiiiiiiiiii cal information to Joseph Darlington. Long before the term lISSNll0011-0ll787 'integrated pest management' (IPM) was popularized, New PostmastersendForm379-Jersey cranberry growers were using sweep nets to monitor CRANBERRIES, P0 B0X5l8lll insect populations. (1954 photo by Walter Fort.) DeCran Ag er Supplies Inc. + Complete line ofcranberryherbicides, 4 CulvertPipe-Steel, aluminum, andpoly. fertilizers,pesticides,fungicides,miticides. 4 Ditch Mud Mats -Strong-lightweight + Best applicationandsafety equipment durable. your needs. + BurlappickingBags-Bestfor your money. 4 Quality aerialapplications. 4 Wet harvest bog boom -strong, lightweight 4 Proven frostwarningequipment. andefficient. 4 Pheromonetraps andbaits. 4 Professionalhigh pressurecleaners 4 Right to know training. 4 Jobcom communication systems. Johnl C. Decas . PaulAlexander 461 Mary's Pond Rd., Rochester, MA 02770 Office: (508) 295-2731 Evenings: (508) 763-5296 • Fax: (508) 291-0196 1-800- 88 Berry (validin every state) Cranberries August 1992 Page3 ,,>~ ""~"~Leo IIliVvIIIH ^i,^/ 11^ 1lt0r il^i3 .; :B-0 ;Sti i I111 ~_ ¢//WB<t / / 7^ ;;iv fP RHONE-POULENC v-—=' y aexpded e 2WT\oa ~Geteffective, ecRe h Triange P, "aia NC 29 919/549-200 I ow.~~~~ /7r 7/ > /th/a6 /, ei~ an ever more isoren t awrd. r Estui '~i 919/549-2000 SEVIN insecticide. is aregistered trademark ofRhone-Poulenofor carbaryl Page4cAuvuspa1992 A.Sorenson Awareded CAt resp onorary Recognition Sorenson, recently received the ALS Honord ary tion, of e Well-known Wisconsin grower, Leo A.vided Recogni one th highest awards continued level of support not only to the university but to the many researfactions that inue Soresonbasedinformation cont to work to pLeo search to the cranberry industry. Since the late 1940s, Leo A. Sorenson has been a dominant force 4th most valuable the resulted from improved pest control, better irrigation practices, drainage and water management. As a highly respected cranberry grower since 1963 and a knowledgeable consultant to a majority of Well-knoWthei 1956-1985, Sorenson directly C1IIrWisconsin'sagricultural crop in 1990s Wisconsin indust ryfrowerm Leo positeivedly the rapid adoption of nagementpractices. influenced improved ma LIe is unrelenting in his strong support as a spokesperson for c0 research on cranberry industry and Wisconsin's agcticulturaes. Throughout his career researchers he has supported UW-Madison and extensiongPie b t educators throuh direct contact with all thefacult involvedwith theindustr In large Leo sonsn rae measure nson responsible for the exemplary working relations between faculty c wich s e among the researchand e tcranbproducers continue today. H was This order, Wisconsin Cranberry Board, provided for a self-imposed industry and SePagetetaxon production to fund research promotion. Well over $1 million has been provided for support of University of Wisconsin research since the fund's inception. Leo Sorenson served on the first wisconsinCranberry Board in 1984. Mr. Sorenson played a primary role in fostering the strong, rconsistent industry-wide environmental consciousness that cur 190'.SEVIN marketing since 1984 admainisteredtheby cranberr rently exists. He has served as secretary-treasurer at various times, as president of the Wisconsin State Cranberry Growers Association aThrough his leadership as a Director 96 -1985) in the national e and ch on craberr mangemntractices. Through Spray Cranberries, Inc., t ~exnsmarketing cooperative, Ocean and thef Wisconsi eandCberry Growers Associatioun, Mr. Sorenson has the breste and positively influenced national oreatand state rv,se policies of concrer to the 1960s. Th.is marketing adrmy n iCnrainIcr i fo ano od ustrU cralecny millicn hrbaneerprod supty tyWisconsin research and outreach programs. Throughout hiscareer healways maintained close contact with UW faculty, fostering theirworkon tlyis + crop. Cranberries nl LEPUMPS --: _-:: --:::-::_ :--::_ :: i--:i:::::::-:-:.:. : ::::: : i HALEPMP~i~tocatAI~ime, Poeredy~hrslerFordChevrolet| PROPANEADVANTAGES: v"Burns Clean--No Air Pollution )2^(ibMEMBER ~~~/'Storage and Supply Tank Maintainedby Roby's | (9PGA Z~~~~~~v EscapingFuel CreatesNo HazardousPollutants National on Your Property PROPANE GAS Association v" Propane Gas is Environmentally Safe--Will not Roby~~s~ropane~~as~lnc ContaminateYourWaterSupplyl Jct. 495 & 58, West Wareham, MA 02576 v" Unlike OtherFuels, No Extra InsuranceCosts For toll free 1-(800) 642-7121 PropaneGas Storage} TheCompany'louKeep. ® 1 Kenneth Olson he Charles R. Nelson, CLU New York Life New York Life P.O. Box 100 3610 Oakwood Mall Drive Black River Falls, WI 54615 Eau Claire, WI 54701 Bus. (715) 284-5168 Bus. (715) 834-4174 Family estate planning has been very important to cranberry growers in recent years. Ken and Chuck have been helping growers to develop plans which minimize income and estate taxes, provide liquidity to pay estate taxes, and make it possible to pass the family business on to the next generation while treating other family members fairly. Chuck has represented New York Life since 1969 and Ken since 1977. They do business with growers in Wisconsin as well as in Massachusetts and New Jersey. Thanks to their friends in Cranberryland, they are both members of the company's Chairmans Council, which represents the top 250 agents from a total agency force of 11,000. T CRANBERRY GROWERS I FARM PACKAGES S COMMERCIAL FARM PLATES A HOME AUTO U v R i GAMMONS I111INSURANCE _ E AGENCY -I— M M = 0l O INSURANCE SPECIALISTS R R IELOU GAMMONS CHARLES ADAMS B 328 BEDFORD ST. RT. 18 234 WEST CENTER ST. ^E |LAKEVILLE MA. 02347 W.BRIDGEWATER MA. 02379 (508) 947-3460 (508) 587-5640 Ag Chemicals and Cancer: Much Ado About Nothing? Ever since the mid-80s, the decibel level of public fears over ag chemicals has run pretty much at shrill. Spooked by well orga- nized campaigns by environmentalists, the general public has come to regard all ag chemicals as evilpoisons appliedbyunscru- pulous,uncaring growers.Andaccordingto Dr. Bruce Ames, that's got to stop. Easily one of the foremost cancer re- searchers inthe country, Ames has arrived at the conclusion after comparing the average American's exposure to known and sus- pected carcinogens, against the actual num- ber of cancer deaths in the U.S. After taking an objective look at the numbers, he says, "vDuring the past 40 years, there have been thousands of new chemicals introduced to the world by industry,'' says the researcher, who is based at the University of California at Berkeley. "If those chemicals were giv- ing people cancer, there would be an epi- demic of cancer in the country --but there isn't. Increased Cancer Rates Relate to Lifestyle In fact, the only forms ofcancer that have increased during the past four decades have been lung and skin cancer, according to the Atlanta-based American Cancer Society. And rather than bad-mouthing ag chemi- cals, the society points to the increased and smoking and sun-bathing as the source of those maladies. Occurrences of other forms of cancer, the society says, has remained fairly steady, For environmentalists, this new tolerance Ames has for ag chemicals represents a deep, new fault in the very foundation of their campaign against the industry. For years, they have relied on Ames' own test for carcinogenicity to back up their claims that by Joe Dysart ..iii!lllllll.l"Or put another way, one raw mushroom gives you much more carcinogens than any : peopllllei .i:::: polluted water you're going to drink in a :iiii-Ung our:test andflillll day," Ames says. ini m g::elllns'liu:lioll$iiil i ry eri u Cancer Thresholds: Scientific or . he':he Valuerhre sholds: SciJudgemific or dlllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll -iiusf ent ceu Of course, despite Ames' ground-shaking : oflblad and wien y youiiYouii.lllliillturnabout, most environmentalists predict 1 1 fry "hai~!'""m:b1u:::rg1e5r.Iably a 11So llllll.lllstarte:dgettingfwhotllllll lfeel is a 'morerelistic i...................... ...........wflth::e.llll°!eolll ................ lll..l worl:llllld."ilillllllllillllllll ......... growers and corporations were poisoning America. Take away the veracity ofthattest, and their case against the industry suffers considerably. For Ames, his own about face on the dangers of ag chemicals was rooted in the realization that the natural and artificial world consists ofthousands upon thousands of real and potential carcinogens. Practi- cally speaking, it's impossible to eliminate human exposure to all such substances. So instead, we should concentrate on eliminat- ing exposures to those that could signifi- cantly impact human health, he says. "The problem I found was that people started using our test and finding mutagens everywhere --in cups of coffee, on the outside of bread, and when you fry a ham- burger," Ames says. "So I started getting what I feel is a more realistic view of the whole world." One example: compared to typical expo- sures for average Americans, herbal tea and peanut butter pose a much greater carcino- genic threat, than do DDT or EDB. are discrediting his change of heart. Surprisingly, most are willing to concede that the Ames test is at best only an indicator that a certain substance will cause cancer. Like Ames, they realize that the bacteria used in the Ames test are often exposed to company with Ames is he tries to translate those figures into a cancer threshold' for the typical American. Says Dr. Ephraim Kahn, a Berkeley-based consultant for the California Health Department:h In regard to public health, how do you make reasonable' estimates as to what is an acceptable rate of cancer.? The EPA has drawn the line at one inamillion. Butthat'savalue judgment, not a scientific judgment." Truth be told, Kahn says, about 20-25% of Americans ultimately die of cancer. And while not all those cancers can be proved to originate from ag chemical exposures, he is not ready to allow government to decide how many of those cancers are acceptable. "In some cases, OSHA regulations allow 1 in 100 cancers in occupational exposures to certain substances,"' he says. That scenario, he adds, is unacceptable. Equally infuriating to Kahn is Ames' assertion that naturally occurring carcinogens in foods like peanut butter are much more dangerous than a DDT exposure. "What Ames doesn't take into account there is that we have a natural immunity to naturally (Pleaseturn to CANCER, page 26.) Cranberries August 1992 Page 7 de la Garza Critizes USDA Handling of Minor Crop Pesticide Issue The U.S. Department of Agriculture has undermined a program designed to ensure the availability of registered pesticides for so-called "minor crops" by giving it little priority and inadequate funding, says House Agriculture Committee Chairman Kika de la Garza, D-Texas. In a review requested by Rep. de la Garza, the General Accounting Office (GAO) said that until this year USDA has ignored re- quests for adequate funding of the Interregional Research Project No. 4 (IR-4), a nationally-coordinated pesticide research project. Data collected under IR-4 is used to support the reapproval of pesticides for mi- nor crops that chemical companies have decided not to register because of the small volume or sales market involved, The GAO review warned that growers could lose income and consumers could see NEW! higher prices, lower quality, and less variety if the availability of pesticides for minor crops is substantially curtailed, "USDA's mishandling of the IR-4 pro- gram highlights the need for Congress to address the crop protection needs of minor crop producers. We need to make this pro- gram a priority for the Department," Rep. de la Garza said. "The problems in the IR-4 program also point to the need to make improvements to FIFRA, the nation's major pesticide law. I have introduced legislation designed tohelp maintain the availability of safe and effec- tive pesticides for minor crop producers. I will continue working with my colleagues to see that this issue is addressed in the FIFRA legislation when the committee schedules action on the bill," said Rep. da la Garza. Findings in the GAO review include: row · USDA hs been slow to respond to concern aboutthe availability ofpesticidesforuse on minor crops after 1997. Although IR-4 officials at the regional level developed a strategic plan in 1989 to support high-priority research projects, USDA did not request funding to implement the plan. · Inadequate funding of the IR-4 program could mean that the research and analysis needed to support the registration and reregistration of some 1,000 high-priority projectsinvolvingpesticides forminorcrops will not be completed by 1997. * USDA established a spokesperson for pesticides andaninformationworking group onthe minor croppesticide issue,butneither has the management authority to change IR4 or USDA's pesticide policies. ~ Crop Protectionfrom Vandalism, Adverse Weather, Off-Premises Loss of Power ~ Equipment | -f Buildings a OPollution I ' . ~ Liability '"'!t Transportation : .. and more lll l A1Hall CropInraei~ Home Office Charlton City, MA 01508 ll RFD 2, Box 764 (508) 248-7943 eves. Limerick, ME 04048 Protect Your Crop Investment --Give Yourself Peace of Mind Page8 August 1992 Cranberries SUR-f LOV I wISCONSIN CRANBERRY The Self-Cleaning Strainer HEADQUARTERS FOR/ Several styles of foot valves AG CHEMICALS with Self-Cleaning Strainers. COLE 2500G.P M. Cole/Grower Service .... Atlas Ave., P.O. Box 721 1, Madison, WI 53707 -537 '~~ii.:i~~:i ii|i1 221-6204 or 1-(800) 362-8049 ~(608) patent no 4822486 High and low pressure Spring of 93 models available. 1 Available for Spring of 1993 g*llllI g Pilgrims, Stevens and Ben Lears g l :UItEFLO Or Write: _ glTINGS Market Prices Jensen Cranberry Bogs, Inc. Market Prices Route 2 Box 92 (608) 378-4069 Warrens, WI 54666 For allyour i ^i^w^gnrowingneeds. R.F. Morse & Son, Inc... supplying agricultural X , chemicals, fertilizer S L.. ^ 1z^ ^ ^ ^ and power equipment ... oJ . o· ·, 1^)^ ~CRANBERRY HIGHWAY * WEST WAREHAM, MASSACHUSETTS 02576 UiL(rN@ (508) 295-1553 55 years ago, in Cranberries World's Largest Cranberry Bog IsOnAn Island Gibb's Swamp Bog on Nantucket, offMassachusett'scoast, has 235 acres in a single piece -Nantucket Cranberry Co. finds island conditionsideal. [Editorialnote: Thefollowing is areprintof an articlepublishedJune 1937 in Cranber- ries. This unique history by our founding publisheris worth retelling.] The worlds largest cranberry bog! It isn't even on the mainland of either Massachu- setts nor New Jersey, nor in Wisconsin. It is on an island --Nantucket --about 30 miles off the Massachusetts coast --an island which recently received newspaper head- lines by threatening to "secede" from the United States, and where all those not fortu- nate enough to reside are rather scoffingly referred to as "off-islanders." To get to charming Nantucket from the "United States", there is about a three and a half hour sail from New Bedford and Woods Hole on Cape Cod. Rounding the harbor light, the boat docks at quaint Nan- tucket village, the shire town, for Nantucket istownand countryby itself. Nantucketwith its narrow, cobbled streets and lanes, and its picturesque old houses is the summer play- ground of the well-to-do. Nantucket in years gone by was the original home of Yankee whaling, before New Bedford on the main- land stole the honors ofbecoming known the world overasthe Whaling City, from whence men went down to the sea in small ships to chase the largest ofearth's living creatures on voyages often lasting four years. This world's largest bog, is known as the Gibb's Swamp Bog, and is located on the famed Nantucket moors, about five and a halfmiles from Nantucket village, and about two miles from Siasconsett, that summer village on the ocean side ofthe island where famous authors and actors make theirhomes during warm months. Page 10 August 1992 Cranberries by Clarence J.Hall It is owned by the Nantucket Cranberry Company, and contains 235 acres ina single piece, and is generally conceded to be the largest single cranberry bog in the world, That doesn't mean that there aren't a few cross dikes, because there are, but only because at times it is desirable to flow only one sectionoranother. Butitisreallyone big bog unit --and looks it, stretching away on the tree-less moors. The property has all been set out since 1905 with the exception of six acres, and in building the bog, conditions were consid- ered so favorable that every inch ofbog land was utilize. The result is a bog more than a mile long at its longest point and approxi- mately a half mile wide at its widest point. Nantucket Island, unlike most cranberry country in either Massachusettses or New Jersey is rather devoid of trees, and in fact at one time one Nantucket resident used to charge admission to visit his private forest on one of the few wooded parts ofthe Island. It is located near Saul's hills, the high point of land on the island, and the bog itself is about 25 feet above sea level. From the Nantucket 'Sconsett highway it looks lower than the highway, but it is really higher. The property has a number of most admi- rable qualities from the viewpoint of the grower of cranberries. Being on an island, it is of course surrounded by salt water and the ocean tempers the minimum of low tem- peratures and of frosts. Frost flowage is extremely rare, either in spring or fall, al- though the disastrous frost oflast May  did severe damage to the crop for the first time in years. The Gibb's Swamp, although Saul's hills rise behind it, is extremely level. Half a century or so ago a fire burned through the peat section fortwoweeks, and it isbelieved that this may helped to level the area. It is now so level that dikes are only 14 to 15 inches high and eleven inches of water is sufficientto floodtheentirebogatitshighest point. This flood comes from Gibb's pond and the water is pumped on by two pumps which are powered by gasoline engines, one being capable of 20,000 gallons ofwater a minute and the other of 15,000 gallons. There are a couple of other smaller pumps which help carry the water to various sections. The water is returned to the pond by gravity. The bog has an excellent bottom, of peat, which inplaces is25 feetdeep.The Nantucketers ofold at one time in fact used to cut this peat for fuel and cart it back to their homes. When the bog was being built, deep holes were found where the peat had been removedanditwasnecessaryto fill thesespots in. There is an abundance of sand and it is good bog sand. Scattered throughout the Gibb's swamp were various sand pockets. These were utilized in making the bog, until today there is only one remaining. And incidentally, with a bog half a mile across,sanding is something ofa problem. It could be imagined how much time it would take to push wheelbarrows over plank for hundreds of feet. But the problem was solved by a little ingenuity. Three trucks are owned by the company andthese are run out overthe vines on inverted steel troughs, sort of I-beams. These are not tied together with ties to form a track, but that is really what it amounts to. So sanding can now be done pretty rapidly. Another fortunate aspect ofthe bog is '"the llllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll island" which runs down the middle ofthe lllllllllll llll l l l property. This island, located as it is, makes bog work convenient from any point, and this is the center of operations. Here are located the bog houses of the company.8 e These number no less than fourteen small shingle buildings for the year-round workersll andtwolargerhomesforthe foremanandhis SiononIllll~i:l \inlIi assistant. There is also a storage building, formerly a part of the old Nantucket Hotel which was built some 60yearsagoonthe . V:'............. 60 aog ".ig village water front, and the new storage house. This is capable of holding 4,000 barrels in the cellarand 4,000 on thefloor above without interfering with screening " — \^> facilities. It is 60 by 60 with the screening building projecting from the rear 80 feet o ia Fifteen to twenty men are employed thebiln entire year on the property with a picking crew in the fall ofabout 100. These workers are mostly of Cape Verdean extract as are most of the Massachusetts bog workers. And, since these men were located as far from Nantucketvillage, theNantucket Cran- the modernization Nantucket Island. Formerly no automobiles were allowed upon Nantucket. It was kept free this modem conveyance. But the N antucket com pany wanted some way of permitting its employees to get from the Gibb's Bog to the ovillage rather than' 'horse andbuggy."means. S a bill was inrdue in the Massachusetts legislature by Franklin E. Smith, Boston attorney of 50 Congress Street, treasurer of the Nantucket company, to permit auto- mobiles upon Nantucket. He was informed that not a half dozen Nantucketers would wantautomobilesupontheirisland. He didn't believe this was so, and finally proposed that the Nantucketers themselves settle the ques- tion by the good old democratic method of the Australian ballot in town meeting. It seems that Mr. Smith was right in his assumption. Nantucket did want automo- biles by its vote, although there were many dissenters, and so in 1918 automobiles were admitted to the island. Since that time Nan- tucket has prospered greatly, although of course there are many other reasons for this. The valuation of Nantucket property has increased tremendously with this modem means of conveyance permitted. The Nantucket Cranberry company is a corporation, and incidentally has a number of stock holders in the Middle West. Mr. Smith is the active directing head of the from w group. Its president is Alpert G. Brock, president of the Pacific National Bank of Nantucket. The bog has produced as high as 8,000 barrels, but its average might be set at 4,000 to 5,000 barrels. One might think that situated on an island from the mainland and other bogs, that that Gibbs Swamp Bog might be relatively free from insect pests, common to cranberry bogs. But it hasn't been. Most of the vines came from the mainland and presumably carried insects with them. It is, however, comparatively free from that major bog menace, false blossom. There is very little of that. The bog is set out to two-thirds Howes, with the remainder Early Blacks to get an early picking start. Berries achieve an early and excellent color on warm temperature Nantucket Island. There are no other variet- ies grown on the bog than Blacks and Howes except about 200 barrels of native "Nantuckets". These were growing there wa a mto.Nsiscivk sutizel pero dbtN uctabrwe ayan ehishtiland bog res b , a t a..c..l-- when the bog was set out. Native Nantucketers years ago harvested the wild berry. This native berry is of excellent color and keeping quality but is rather uneven in size. The Gibb's Swamp Bog isn't the only property owned by the Nantucket Cranberry Company. In all, its holdings include about 3,000 acres ofupland property. There is the Long Pond Bog, some few miles away and nearer to Nantucket village. This consists of twenty-five acres, or rather three eight-acre sections. There is also a ten acre bog in another location. Possibly about 100 acres more could be put into bearing bog. However, with a good water supply, even- weather conditions, splendid sand and natural deep-peat bottom, the Nantucket company utilized every footofsvace available to form the Gibb's Swamp Bog, and containing as it does 235 acres it is generally conceded to be the world's largest cranberry bog, and will quite likelyretain thathonor, at least for some time to come. + Page11Cranberries August1992 NorthlandToTry Cranberries in the Emerald Isle Wisconsin's largest cranberry producer has entered into an agreement with Bord na Mona, Dublin, tojointly conduct an experi- mental program to evaluate the feasibility of creating a cranberry industry in Ireland. Bord na Mona, the Irish peat Development Authority, isa state-owned enterprise whose purpose is to commercially develop and promote use ofthe country's extensive peat resources. Northland and Bord na Mona will work together to build and operate a 7.5 acre cranberry research plot in Ireland. Project planning will begin immediately, with cran- berryvine planting scheduled fornext spring. The contract also grants Northland the ex- elusive right to work with Bord na Mona for further development of commercial cran- berry growing in Ireland, if the initial test is ultimately successful. "As a low impact agricultural crop, we believe commercial cranberry cultivation has the potential to help further our mission to develop Ireland's peat bogs on an envi- ronmentally sound manner," said John O'Halloran, manager of consultancy ser- vices for Bord na Mona. "We're enthused about working with Northland on this experiment," he said. "Their cranberry growing experience and agronomical resources made them a natural choice, when we analyzed the assistance available to us in the United States."s e riod fornew ly -p lan ted cranberry vines means the evaluation process for the test acreage is expected to last at 48 to 60 months after planting. "While any benefits of our relationship with Bord na Mona will be years in coming, if at all, we believe participation in this important international experiment is in keeping with Northland's long-term corporate philosophy to prepare now to produce success in the future," Swendrowski said. "Even though we don't anticipate any near- term impact on our company from this ar- Page 12 August 1992 Cranberries rangement, we're excited about the business development opportunity it could eventu- ally bring Northland. "We're impressed with Bord na Mona's operation. They are an extremely profes- sional organization and totally dedicated to helping develop Ireland's employment and economy through utilization ofthe country's peat resources. The people we've worked with to date have avery refreshing, entrepre- neurial spirit --a rather unexpected attitude to find in a government agency anywhere," he said. Bord na Mona was established in 1946 by an act ofthe Irish parliament. Since then, the statutory corporations developed more than 220,000 acres of pestlands and produced approximately 140 million tons of peat. Bord na Mona has grown to become the largest peat producer in the world, with an annual production target ofsix million tons. It provides peat products for power genera- tion, sod peat and peat briquettes for indus- trial and domestic heating use, and horticul- tural peat and fertilized peat products for worldwide export markets. Bord na Mona ....... i::i ::liii:iiiii ii:i operates from 15 facilities in Ireland and through subsidiaries in the United Kingdom and France. It employs 2,300 people full time and an additional 1,000 during the peak production season. There is no commercial cranberry cultivation in Ireland, although some native varieties of cranberry vines can be found in the wild. In the early 1960s, the late Dr. Chester Cross, former director of the University of Massachusetts Cranberry Station, first experimented with cultivating the fruit in Ireland in a small backyard size plot. He found the cranberry vines grew better than in their native Massachusetts, but did not bear fruit. Ireland's equable climate is influenced by the GulfStream. Northeastofthe U.S., ithas a 12-month growing season with average temperature difference between winter and summer of only about 20 degrees. The mild winters average 40 degrees. Annual rainfall varies from an average of 30 inches in the east to over 120 inches in the west. Ireland's vast peat deposits cover a fifth of its land mass, sometimes 20 to 30 feet deep. + .ilill Additll..l...ll..l..o.................................. lllililllilillillllillllllllllllilililllllillllllil na Moinas:operatingpoliciesare...demindbitmindby;a2-.pepi:teIi neonyho ilse panc nn ngg trw ........................................................................................................................................................................................ Eetiricity.uplyBoard'is n actiityftiSdiisin..-Today6%of la'see.i SolidFuel DivisionThsdionireponsis mainordomst umersanfortesplyofsodpeattothe E. B Hortic.u}l..rlDin Tsi s.li.e horti..cu..l.tl..ar. to a worldearktOeroemll b rtt Euoe minland, Australia and Japan...... ph . dow o .riplui.. . i. ........... GilbailConsutancServicesO ffrpaesucdvlo : l l llll: lll ll ll Now Buying Loam- Quantities of 1,500 yards and up in Southeastern Massachusetts Complete site work, bog construction and finish contouring of __ surrounding upland plus the best price for your material! RA*SOQRB Volclay® Sealants Particals swell to 30 rtimas A clay sodium bentonite that swells and seals when wet to form an impervious their sie when size their btimesarrier. For use in upland bog construction. Now available in 50 lb. & 100 lb. hen wet and hold 400 times. their weight in wattere. l | i bags. No special equipment needed for application. their weight in water. \ /, Foruse *Availablein stock at RASP, Carver, MA in new bogt construction or when DispersedWater th-0gh rebuilding. Side Slp *Available in stock at RASP, Carver, MA ° . ... . Michael Coan (508) 866-5285 Sam White & Sons, Sand & Gravel, Medfield, MA -(508) 359-7291 G.A.F. Engineering Inc. is.. is..o New England's leading designer land use planning through surveying for the cranberry industry. engineering excellence. through precision. Featuring. Including. Services Include. *Advisory services. •Site assessment and evaluation. *Engineering studies. · Perimeter surveys. *Cranberry bog design. *Hydrologic surveys. · Title plans. *Water supply. D.E.P. filings. · Topographic surveys. •Irrigation and flood control. · E.P.A. filings. · Soil surveys. *Pumping facilities. *Army Corps permits. Construction staking. •Land reclamation and soil conservation. Waste water collection, treatment and . Land Court surveys. disposal systems. · Wetlands boundaries. -Sanitary sewer pumping facilities. -Plot plans. *Storm water management systems. · Water supply and distribution systems. Other services include: *Waterfront structures. · Environmental studies. *Construction bid document *Percolation tests. preparation. -Subsurface sewage disposal systems. *Construction coordination and · Waterways licenses. control. *Site plans. · Contract selection and negotiation. *Wetlands filings. *Aerial photography. .Wetlands restoration ·Wetlands filings. ' Legal descriptions of land. *Construction supervision. · Earth removal permits. · Construction management. Construction of Cranberry Bogs in Non-Traditional Settings Part I: Site Suitability EarlyCultivated CranberryBogs Historically, cranberry bogs have been built in natural wetlands. A number of fac- tors influenced the selection ofone site over another. The builder initially looked for wetlands that were easy to convert from the natural setting to a cultivated setting. Other values included included the stability ofthe wetland environment, abundance and reli- ability of the water supply, and a large enough sand supply forboth the initial plant- ing and long term cultivation needs. Early cranberry bogs required copious amounts ofwater to protect the buds during spring frost periods and the fruit during fall frost periods. In addition, summer irriga- tions and winter flood protection required volumes ofwater sufficient to flow the bogs. Water was also used to a lesser extent for the control ofinsects in late spring, early sum- mer or following early harvest. Total water requirements could easily range from 10 to 14 acre feet of water per acre of cranberry bog. For this reason, and because the ninteenth century pumps capable of moving these volumes of water were not commer- cially available, most cranberry bogs were constructed on river systems where water supplies were created through impound- ments. These systems had to supply ad- equate quantities ofwater throughout atypi- cal growing season as well as allow for the flooding of bogs by gravity from the im- poundments. With rare exception, all early constructed cranberry bogs were built in river system Page 14 August 1992 Cranberries by Benjamin A. Gilmore, P.E. settings. With the advent of high volume, low head pump technology in the late nine- teenth century, other natural settings could be utilized for construction ofnew cranberry bogs. Early Alternate Wetland Sites Most popular among the early alternate wetland settings were meadows and shrub swamps. These areaswere often fairly level, easyto grade andrequired aminimal amount of work to clear, i.e., grub and remove the stumps as well as other vegetation. As with the early riverside sites selected, these wet- lands also required a close water supply in conjunction with a enough sand. The water supply hadtobe suitably locatedto allow the lowheadpumptomovetherequired330,000 gallons per acre of bog within a relatively short period, usually between eight to 30 hours. Forested wetland areas were least favored for early bog consturction. These sites were the most difficult to prepare for planting vines. In addition, most forested wetland areas were located where poor draining soils existed and were, for the most part, signifi- cantly out of grade. This required the move- ment of a large volume of soil, usually working with earth that was difficult to excavate and grade (hard packed glacial tills and hard pan). The availability of modern earth moving equipment helped to over- come the disadvantages of forested wet- lands. Cranberry culture in converted forested wetlands still required soils and hydrology capable of retaining flood waters for an extended period of time in order to accommodate cultural practices such as winter floods, spring re-floods and harvest flood waters. Such sites, with poor water retentive capacities, could not sustain cranberry production. Solid Set Irrigation Systems and the Advent of Modern Cranberry Bogs With the advent of solid set irrigation systems, sites with marginal water supplies could be considered for the cranberry cultivation. No single cultural practice had a greater impact onthe growing ofcranberries than the use of solid set irrigation systems. The irrigation system allowed forthe protection of cranberry buds and fruit against frost damage with relatively simple equipment. Only one-tenth the volume of water per application was needed, thus eliminating the need for the elaborate water management systems used in earlier bogs. Marginal wetlands, which in the past were not useful for the construction of cranberry bogs, could now be developed with a solid set irrigation system. Sites with water retentive soils were still a must in developing marginal wetlands. Even with the advent of solid set irrigation, the need to employ flood practices, such as the winter, spring and harvest floods, were not eliminated. Thlis condition alone limited the type of marginal wetlands which could be developed. areas where sandisused. Bog sandshould be Ai"f . ...... sand with little a medium to coarse or no fines. In several growing areas, the initial application of sand is omitted. Typically in New Jersey andin partsofthe West Coast, tilling/ for site preparation. Clearing ndNon-Traditional Hurdles Regulatory Site Selection The selection of a non-traditiona site for building a cranberry bog can be quite diffi~ of factors should and isalmost entirely site specific. Non- into consider-cult be taken ~~~,~~~a~~~~~~~:'I ~~~~~~~: . , traditional sites include both those not lo- i~of natural dt wetlands, and wetadll as thossue ~;'~ in ast ituted sa in wetl4cated non-traditional growing areas. This new planting in a transition zone adds to a bog built around the turn of the ith adequate century in a meadow swamp. Under modem cranberry culture the mature bog is requires a combination of an abundance of capable of producing 300 barrelper acre crops. Forthe new section to perform as sand along with an adequate sustainable well, the supporting hydrology must mimic the natural wetlands. water supply. Unlike the traditional wet- Clearing Regulatory Hurdles In addition, the wetland soils strata should lands site,the upland site must be developed The parameters that historically controlled contain at least six inches of organic soil. to provide suitable hydraulic characteristics site selectionin the past are still applicable, The underlying foundation soils are also which mimic anatural wetlands. to apoint. When selecting a wetland site for important. Foundation soils that have high the construction ofcranberrybogs, anumber bearing capacity (often referred to as hard The three types of uplands most corn- of factors should be taken into consider-bottom) are the most satisfactory for allow-monly converted to cranberry bogs are: ) ation. First and foremost is whether the ing the use of modem (and in this instance transitionalzones to wetland resource arpermitting process allows forcthe conversion heavier)picking machines, sandingmachines eas, 2) uplandswhere stripmining is allow- of natural wetlands to cultivated wetlands. andditch cleaning equipment. Most suitable able and permitted, and 3) areas where Current wetand regulations in the United ofthe foundation soils are sands andgravels mineralsoilsexistinconcertwith adequate States strictly control the development of withlittle, ifanay, fiesupassing the200sieve. water supplies. wetlands. |Conversely silts and clays (typical glacial Typically, the sites selected should have Assuming a project can clear the local, tills) are the least suitable foundation soils. soils with a pH below 6.5 (a problem for state and federal regulatory hurdles, site Although deepmuck and peat soils did not manymidweste sites)and foundationsoils selection can proceed to the evaluation of pose anyparticular problems for those early that can retain water for a sufficiently long individual sites. Those constructed cranberry bogs, they are prob-the various flood- conditions which period of time to support were historically used to selectwetland sites lematic for modem cranberry bogs. Cran-ing practices. still apply. The wetland should be near an berry bogs constructed on sites where the adequate water supply withsuitable hydrol-organic soils are quite thick require special Non-traditional settings can be difficult to ogy to buffer a proposed cranberry bog construction techniques and limit the use of design. The design must integrate site hyagainst the effects of a prolonged drought certain types of equipment Cranberry sys-drologywiththe layoutofthe cranbery be ds and conversely, to protect it from the ray-tems located in thick deposits of organic and water supplyto ensure that the artificial ages of frequent flood. soils may also pose long term problems wetlands setting will respond in a fashion associated with the maintenance of water similar to a natural wetland. Minormisjudg- Swamps where indicator wetland species conveyance systems, access roadsandimple-mentsrelative to site specific conditions can are found are often most suitable for devel-mentation of some cultural practices result in setting design parameters that are oping into cranberry bogs. The most corn-not suitable, leading ultimately to failure. mon wetland indicator species are sphag-Selection of a site should also take into The advantage ofthe natural wetland setting num moss, wild cranberries, leather leaf consideration the availability of sand to be is that it has evolved over thousands ofyears (Chamaeclaphaecalyculata), sheep laurel used during planting as well as for periodic in a geographic area where there is a (Kalmia angustifolia L.) red maple (Acre sanding requirements. The volume of sand confluence ofphysical features necessary to rubrum L.), and cedar (Chamaecyparis used will range from four to six inches per sustain a wetland system. thyoides BSP). The site soils in conjunction acre for planting purposes (530 to 806 cubic with site hydrology must be able to sustain yards) to an annualized requirement of ap-Design specifications vary between sites cultural flooding activities. proximately 45 cubic yards (applied as an dependingupon the uplandsettinginvolved. inch of sand every three years), in growing Specificdesignswill be examinednextmonth. Page Cranberries August 1992 15 IRRIGATION EQUIPMENT DESIGNED ESPECIALLY FORTHE CRANBERRY INDUSTRY LARCHMONT WILL NOT BE UNDERSOLD BY ANYONE FOR COMPETITIVE PRICING CONTACT LARCHMONT JL_ .~'^ ~WEMCO -Water Harvest Pump SPRINKLERS -RainBird -Nelson "-^ ^PUMPS -Berkeley -Cornell -Gorman -WeatherTec -Western 3WH Rupp -Gould -Myers -Brass Impact Sprinklers Electric -Engine Drivers WEBSTER QUICK COUPLERS LOW LIFT PUMPS w/RISERS -Proven! $ To save $ on your irrigation products, call us collect for prices. A Most Complete Inventory of Irrigation Accessories [ARCHM(e)N[ IRRIGATION / SNOWMAKING P.O. Box 66, I I Larchmont Lane OPPORTUN1TY INBRIISH COLUMBIA Ocean Spray approval for a total of 54.9 acres. Planting started in 1984 with Stevens, Crowley and Pilgrim. Full line of equipment. Superb Bill Borman, Realty World -Abbotsford 33793 Essendene Avenue, Abbotsford, B.C. J Canada, V2S 2HI T Phone (604) 853-1151 FAX (604) 853-1157 REALTY WORLDTM Page 16 August 1992 Cranberries MASSACHUSETTS CRANBERRY STATION AND FIELD NOTES Preparedby Irving E.Demoranville Extension Cranberry Specialist WEATHER Temperature for June was very close to average, ending up 0.1 degree a day above nonrmal. Maximum was only 81 degrees on the 28th, the lowest since 1982 and minimum was 48 degrees on the 1st, 2nd andinnotiva fri 16th. There were only a few scattered daysm that were warmer or cooler than average. Pz Rainfall totalled 4.39 inches, slightly more that 1 inch above normal. This the first month since November 1991 that was substantially above normal and the highest total adTthe Wod foApril;Jueic18Thrwstime to examine the latest new equipment. Last year, as shown above, growers rain on 8 dayswith 2.63 inches on the st and inspected an innovative ride-on mechanical harvester fabricated by Rene Rosset 2nde as the geatest sto. The was a d of Reno Manufacturing Ltd., Winnepeg Manitoba, Canada. The mechanically latperiod between the 6th and 20th withosimple machine, sponsored by growers Karl and Tim Plaza of Hawkins, Wisconsin, The Four was sfROnsianyboTce nonna hgs totual The Annual Meeting of the Cape Cranberry Growers'Association is a great forings during the sprinceg of 198492. m easurablein msnormal ofth992and-This year growers meet for the 105th CCCGA Annual Meeting on Tuesday, nraineFROSTin 1988. Several nightswith2.3 stand August 18th, starting 9:30 am. at the East Wareham Cranberry Station. inches late April x There were a total of 13 nights with warn and20thwthoutere wereany ipsconsiderable damage where in 1991, nine in 1990, seven in 1989, and or any mini-truck into nine in 1988. Seeral nights in lat April and bu the last halfofMaywere verayc old P mid thereCA N is considerable damage where there were8 6 late starts or plugged sprinkler heads. OR ING TRUCK! CROP PROSPECTS In contrast to 1991, which was an ex tremely early season, we arPemore nearlynormal this year. A warm winter was off set ... by a very cold spring and we were well behind in May, but havejust about caught up now. Reports and observations indicate al- winterkill, and small amountof oxygen will make your vehicle into an economical work horse most non-existent a The Scoft-LITE aluminum body plus a dual wheel kit deficiency injury and some other stresses resulting in leaf drop. Some bogs are showing effects from Hurri-"OurRanger and S-I0 have more floor space than a full size pickup, but get 20+ MPG." cane Bob. Frost injury is not hard to find but is generally spotty. Insect populations are It's STRONG, LIGHT-EIGHT and GREAT LOOKING! light to average: a few bogs with gypsy moth, some with weevil and a fair amnount of For more information call or write: cutworm. There appears tobe aheavy bloom TRUCK CAPS UNLIMITED that is starting to set well. Lots of bumble Rt. 58 North Carver Rt. 58 W. Wareham bees around. This could be a large crop, 866-4546 295-3727 probably not quite up to 1991 however. . Or Call Toll FREE 1-800-642-7121 Cranberries August 1992 Page17 Pesticide Regulation Bill Passed in Subcommittee Proposed act to address minor uses and speed registration of"safer"chemicals Legislation to reauthorize the nation's major pesticide law was approved recently by the House Agriculture Subcommittee on Department Operations, Research, and For- eign Agriculture. After consideration of 17 amendments, the bill, H.R. 3742, was re- ported out by a voice vote. "I am pleased that the subcommittee has moved on this issue. Although the new package contains provisions I opposed and will continue to oppose, I encourage contin- ued and expedited consideration ofthis food safety package. I look forward to working with my colleagues on the House Agricul- ture Committee and the House Energy and Commerce Committee to develop a more refined and complete package," said Sub- committee Chairman Charlie Rose, D-N-C. Ranking Minority Member Pat Roberts, R-Kan., said: " The subcommittee's action well represents agriculture by ensuring fair, reasonable regulation of the pesticides criti- cal to producers' pest control management. Just as important, it also represents substan- tial improvements in EPA's ability to take critical regulatory actions relative to pro- tecting human health and the environment. As Chairman Rose indicated, this is the first step --there are missing pieces --and we must continue working with all concerned interests to ensure a balanced package con- taining all the elements necessary for food safety legislation that doesn't sacrifice ratio- nal consideration of either risks or ben- efits.," Page18 August 1992 Cranberries Thebilladoptedbythesubcommitteewill: streamline cancellation procedures to take a pesticide off the market. *expedite registration of "safer" pesti- cides. *strengthen private sector recordkeeping requirements. · mandate training and certification of commercial/private applicators. * facilitate reregistration of minor crop pesticides. · establish Federal preemption of local pesticide laws. In a bipartisan agreement worked out prior to the subcommittee meeting, amendments addressing certain issues (most prominently, registration of safer pesticides, minor use pesticides, pesticide exports, and nitrification) were deferred to the full the House Agriculture Committee. The subcommittee adopted substitute lan- guage offered by Rep. Rose to his original bill, H.R. 3742 (the Pesticide Safety Im- provement Act) and several amendments. The subcommittee-approvedbill makes vari- ous changes in the Federal Insecticide, Fun- gicide and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA), the law governing the sale use of pesticides. FIFRA-Related Provisions of H.R. 3742 BENEFITS DATA Requires registrants ofpesticides to submit to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and periodically update complete information on the economic, social and environmental benefits of the use of the pesticide, and alternatives to the pesticide's use. TOLERANCE REEVALUATION Requires EPA to reevaluate tolerances or pesticide residues on food as regulated un der FFDCA no later than the time at which a reregistration decision is made for a pesticide under FIFRA. CANCELLATION PROCEDURES Provides greater flexibilityto EPA in carrying out the cancellation of a pesticide's registration: Gives EPA discretionary authority to cancel a pesticide registration every 5 years. (Current law mandates cancella tion every 5 years.) cancel Authorizes EPA to order cancellation of a pesticide registration that may cause unreasonable adverse effects on man or the environment, following consultation with the Departments of Agriculture (Pleaseturn to PESTICIDESpage 20.) 0 Synthetic Polymer Food Grade Grease 0 0 U.S.D.A. Code H-I O Grade N.L.G. I. No. 20 0 Superb Adhesion Characteristics 0 0 Excellent water "washout" resistance 0 O Wide operating temperature range 0 O Biodegradable 2-Cycle Engine Oil 0 O Superior Automotive Synthetic Lubrication Products Available 0 ROLAND GUILLET AMSOIL DEALER R.& A. ENTERPRISES 30R. & A. ENTERPRISE 30 Ken-Mar Dr. Somerset, MA 02726 Telephone: (508) 676-9704 Telephone: 676-9704 Fax: (508) 669-5616 .~~~~The Cranberry The Cranberry Connection Presents Your Favorite Sweatshirts Three original designs ask aquestion which is answered on one sleeve: 1: "WHAT'S INA BOG?" 2: "WHAT'S THE SCOOP?" 3."WHAT'S THE REEL THING?" Available in: GRAY with Dark Red Letters. "HOWE-BERRY" RED with White Letters. "HOLLY-BERRY" RED with White Letters for children's sizes only. ADULT SIZES: S M L XL & XXL for $18 CHILDREN: S M Lfor$15 Imprintedonfinequality50/50polyester/cotton. Allow 4-6 weeks for delivery. Send cdeck or money orderpayable to: The Cranberry Connection /oAnne Dunham P.O. Box 661, South Carver, MA 02366 Beautiful Handcrafted 14K Gold Cape Cod ^fffMSlM»M»»lLY. ' Cranberry Scoop Pendant This beautifulsolidgold replicaof the old wooden hand scoop comes complete with threegenuine rubies set in ,,-,-,~ .,-. . ^ , . ,,the tines as cranberries,a truly unique gift. $89.00 InSterlingSilver... $24.95' 14KGoldChain... $25.00 14K GoldScoop Stick Pin... $115.00 GoldScoop Tie Tac... $109.00 .14K Pleasecall orwrifor Call with credit card or send check. $2.00 Shipping , new CapeCapeCodJewehyCodJewelryy. f9 4 4. e ~f,9 , d, .., SeS f, ,.e Collection cataogue. Rte. 28, Centerville, MA 02632 (508) 771-3733 4 S f te 2" to 12" PVC Pipe with Fittings · Quick Couple Risers Felker Aluminum Flumes & Culverts Replace old aluminum mains with government approved 4", 6" and 8" polyethylene pipe buried just below bog surface. No insert fittings. Rent our butt fusion welder for a continuous main line. Beat the high cost of custom installation by renting our small 4-wheel drive tractor with mole lhole plow for buried laterals. STEARNS IRRIGATION, INC. Tel. (508) 746-6048 790 Federal Furnace Rd. Plymouth, MA 02360 Ji. JENKINS & SON CO. Grower Service * MOWING (ALL TYPES) * DITCHING * SMALL BOG RENNOVATIONS * SANDING Servig Cape Cod 227 Pine St., W. Barnstable, Ma. 02668 Phone (508) 386-6018 (PESTICIDE continuedfrom page 18.) (USDA) and Health and Human Services Eliminates the formal adjudicatoryhear- ing and replaces it with a shorter, non- and it with a shorter, non- adjudicatory informal hearing for public comment.cross examination by Allows interested partiestooccurduringthe infor- mal hearing. Requires a review of the malhearing. a Requires cancellation actions by a Scientific Advi- sory Panel within 45 days after the close of soryPanelwithin4 afterthe closeof the public comment period. Requires a cancellationation acttobe completed wi 18 months of initiation. |and Permits registrants to modify their regis- tration to avoid cancellation and allows any person to petitionoEPA to cancel a pesticide registration or amend or revoke an existing cancellation order. Reqires EA to take a tion deemed necessary when a pesticide tolerance is revokedunder FFDCA requirements. -Allows ongoing EPA "special reviews" of pesticide chemicals to proceed under existing law and provides forinitial judi- cial review offinal cancellation orders at cial review of final cancellation orders at the U.S. Court of Appeals level. SUkes minor canges in procedures for procedures suspending a pesticide's registration when Makes changes mior in suspending a pesticide's registration when EPA determines that the use of a pesticide EPAdeterminesthattheuseofapeste may result in an imminent hazard: Authorizes EPA to issue ian emergency suspension order before issuing a pro- suspensdeion order before issuing a pro- posed cancellation order provided it pro posedcs to move expeditiously, but pro- aceedr omovpleting abeneitious lyss. Cur- aftercompletin benefitsaysis.ur- rentlyEPA isrequiredto issueaproposed cancellation order concurrently wmillion) ance a suspensionorder. of ance of a suspension · Allows any producer, seller, distributor or end-user of a pesticide that was the object ofa suspension or stop-sale orderto o rJ rectofasuspensionorfde sue for recovery of damages if it is deter- e sue forrecoveryofda s deter- mined by EPA or the courts that the mined by EPA or the courtstha decision was improper anda.. ladecision was improper andprt of EPA. Burden of pursuasion Places burden ofpersuasion onparties who oppose a proposed or final cancellation or suspension order by EPA. Page 20 August 1992 Cranberries PERIODIC REGISTRATION REVIEW Requires EPA to periodically request and reevaluate data to support each pesticide registration to ensure that EPA has the same level ofinformation supporting the registra- tion as is required of new applicants for registration. REQUIRED RECORDKEEPING Authorizes EPAtorequirepesticideproduc- ers, registrants, and others within the pesti- c i t k r them to EPA upon request. Prohibits EPA from requiring financial and sales dataother than shipment data, and certain personnel research or test data. Authorizes EPA to require the maintenance of certain records by commercial pesticide applicators and pesticide dealers. ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY Increase EPA's authority under FIFRA to conduct inspections pursuant to a warrant. Directs EPA to disclose to States data or information acquired under FIFRA with certain conditions. Clarifies EPA's defini- tion ofunlawful acts. Civilpenalties-Increases the maximum fe for first violations of a provision by registrants and certain others to $25,000. Sets a maximum $50,000 fine for subse- quent violations ofthe same provision. Sets a maximum fine of$1,000 for private appli- for cators found in violation following awritten warningora citation forprior violation. Sets a maximum $2,000 fine for subsequent vio- lations. Criminalpenalties-Increases the maxi- mum fine to $50,000 or not more than 3 years imprisonment or both for persons who knowingly violate a provision ofthe FIFRA law. Sets the maximum fine at $250,000 (or for a partnership or other entity up to $1 for persons covered by the FIFRA order.. law who knowingly place another person in danger of death or serious bodily injury. Applicator certification Applicator certification Establishes certification and training re- quirements for commercial pesticide appli- cators and for private applicators who use there was restricted use pesticide. Training material lackand minimum standards are to be developed in consultation with USDA. Recertification and reregistration afterrefresher training are to be done at least every 5 years. FEDERAL PREEMPTION OF LOCAL AUTHORITY Establishes federalpreemptionoflocalregulations of pesticides or their use. INTERAGENCY COORDINATION Directs EPA and USDA to work togetherto identify pests and available control measures. Directs USDA and HHS to collect information on food consumption, pesticide use, and on actual pesticide residue levels and provide this information to EPA. MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS Requires EPA to develop and issue regulations regarding actual or apparent conflicts ofinterest by members ofthe Science Advisory Panel. Establishes whistleblower protection procedures for private sector employees who support a possible pesticide violation. Establishes a uniformity in setting label requirements. Other FIFRA-related proposals in Rep. Rose's substitute included in the subcommittee bill but were agreed to be closed to amendment until consideration by the full House Agriculture Committee include: SAFER PESTICIDES Authorizes EPA to fast-track the review of registration applications for pesticides that possess environmental or safety advantages over other registered pesticide active ingre dients for the same use. Directs EPA to accelerate registration of biological pesti cidesandto establishanofficetooversee the evaluation and registration of biological pesticides. Requires EPA to cooperate with USDA to establish a registry of naturally- occurring substancesthathavepotentialuses .. as pesticides. Requires EPA to establish prescription use for pesticides containing extremelytoxic or otherwise undesirable compounds to reduce environmental and dietary hazards. Directs EPA to work with USDA in developing a resistance monitoring program. Straightens USDA integrated pest management (IPM) researchresearch effortsefforts. MINOR USE PESTICIDES Definesthe term "minoruse",allowswaiversofcertainregistration requirements, provides for exclusive use of certain minor use data, allows for extensions ofthe time deadlines for the submission of certain data, and establishes a coordinatedinteragency minor use program. Products for bog Wisconsin Mentionables construction applications: The Gottschalk Cranberry Company First Aid and Cardiopulmonary Resuscita * Hay Bales * recently donated $5,000 to the National tion course during the month of April. In* Erosion ControlProducts * Resources Foundation to be used the for structors from Nicolet Area Technical Col* Siltation Fence * trumpter swan reintroduction program of lege in Rhinelander trained 15 people at the * GradeStakes * the Wisconsin Department of Natural Re-cranberry company's headquarters, includ- S *., * .^ sources. ing owners Dave and Barb Zawistowski and * SoilReinfrlcement * * Reinforcement * their crew. "There ismuch needed informa* SlopeDStabrlization * * Slope Stabilization * tion for everyone on the farm, since acci* DrainageFabric * Lake Nokomis Cranberries of Eagle dents can happen when you least expect * Bob CatRental * River, Wisconsin sponsored a Red Cross them," Mr. Zawistowski noted. + I¥:^rIII v · ^^ —— 685 North Main Street MILES West Bridgewater, MA 02379 Agriculture Phone: (508) 580-3400 GUTHION-35 WSP The (WATER SOLUBLE PACKET) Charles W. Harris · No Dust · Easy Mixing · Application By Ground, Air &Chemigation Company CONTROL YOU CAN COUNT ON 451 Old Somerset Avenue North Dighton,Mass. 02764 Distributed by: VOLM BAG COMPANY, INC. North Dighton, Mass. 02764 (VoM Phone (508) 824-5607 1804 EDISON ST., BOX 170, ANTIGO, WIS. 54409-0171 AGCAN PHONE (715) 627-4871 TELEFAX (715) 627-4871 AMES Antisyphon Devices RAINBIRD Sprinklers HALE - Pumps Highest QualityProducts With Satisfaction Guaranteed I 1a Cop'ters, Ltd. CRANBERRY fertilizers, GROWERS herbicides pesticides I 111 2 .. .[11 REALTY 11,. applied to growers specifications Listings ofbuyers and sellers welcomed on cranberry Mud Lifting -Mats Available *Executive Charters acreageand upland. · Sand Lifting--Agricultural Applications Low areas, ditches filled · Aerial Photography-- Appraisals. Cranberry Lifting Including Infrared DOUGLAS R. BEATON Plymouth Airport E. Sandwich, Mass. 02537 Bill Chamberlain Box 3446 (508) 888-1288 (508) 746-6030 Plymouth, MA 02361 Cranberries August 1992 Page21 Dr.Karl Deubert Retires From Cranberry Station Researcher Dr. Karl Deubert recently re- tired from the University of Massachusetts Cranberry Experiment Station. Because of his experience in agronomy, nematology, chemistry, and residue analysis, he was of- ten consulted on the cranberry industry's environmental impact. ssibili When spreading urbanization collided with traditional Bay State agriculture, his was a credible voice of reason that explained the interactions of cranberry production with the region. "He had a viery nice cae alinge effect on people," noted Irving Demoranville, direc- tor ofthe University ofMassachusetts Cr berry Station. "When someone would call all excited about the possibil of pesticidei oity contamination,w ewouldreferthemto Karl." Dr. Deubert often noted the evidence that bogs are separated from groundwater by peat and an impervious soil layer. He also used a telling comparison of cranberry cul- ture with urbanization, which hasbeen popu- larized in cranberry public relations efforts: The fact that in growing cranberries, "no trees areremoved, nonaturalgroundcover is replaced with pavement, no sewage or gar- bage isgenerated. Flowregulation and man- made reservoirs have provided protection pan-c Dr. K arl rt Deube from flood damage and added new bodies of waterto existingones. "Andfishkills? Well, nearly every summer he explained to the public and the media that most fishkills occur in Julyregardless ofthe use ofchemi- cals and with few exceptions, they are a result of warm water oxygen deficiency. Dr. Deubert graduated with a degree in agronomy from theEastGermanUniversity ti of Halle in 1953, followed by a Ph.D. in Have4 iAPAV~~~~~~ ~Dr. C oCONSULTING ENGINEES 1955. From a refugee camp, he andhiswife entered West Germany where he found employment with a small chemical company. FromtherehewenttoCentralAmerica to work for coffee growers in Honduras. Disillusioned by the disparity between the wealthn and thety impoverished, hebegan seeking employment elsewhere. Through a nematoKlogyer, newslett he made contact with Bert Zuckerman at the Cranberry Station, and was hired as a nematologist. "I started out with a $5,000 salary, not knowing what a dollar was worth," Dr. Deubert said. "Strangely I had read about the East Wareham Cranberry Experiment Station in East Germany from a Dutch publication. Exactly 10 years later I was hired for 12 months. My trend towards chenistry caught Bert's fancy and I started doing all the histological chemistry." Dr. Deubert credits former University of Massachusetts dean, Ariess Spielman, for creating a valuable working environment. "I owe everything to Arless Speilman. He was an ardent supporter of the Cranberry Station andthe Waltham Station. He gaveus the money to start a decent laboratory atthat me. He was one of those rare breed of people who still remembered six months later what he had said, whether itwas bad or good." Deubert is concluding a project with EPA's Center of Exposure Assessment Modelling in Athens, Georgia. Using EPA's &dtca computerized transport model, he is analyz eSURVEYORS ing water quality for cranberry production. Extensive experience in all aspects of cranberry land development: evaluation, purchase, survey, design, permit acquisition, phased construction and planting 22 inwetladsandulands.wthQualiyServing both~Page Customers RAY COVINO I0Whetstone Dr. Middleboro, MA 02346 (817)332-2336S9 Throughoutthe World both inwetlands and uplands. with Quality SWEPCO Lubricants since 1932. · Food Machinery Grease/ Have references. Will travel. USDA H-I Rated Lubricantsl Contact: Will Lee 10968 Highway 54 East SOUTHWESTERN PETROLEUM CORPORATION Wisconsin Rapids, WI 54494 FORT WORTH, TEAS 76101 USA (715) 424-3 131 (817) 332-2336 Page22 CranberriesAugust 1992 :---:::-:0jl--i~:' : i egonafJ: fotes : .0:-.:-iR: ".............Massachusetts ............. b hel ........gust 8, Bog HollowFestivalat Bog Hllow Farm, Rt. 106 Kingston, from 11 a.m. to 4p.m. Forinformationcall: (617)585-8414. set: Acbvibe mus~snicc(sosoe bth August 18, Annual Cape Cod Cranberry Growers'Association Summer Meeting, Cranberry Station, East Wareham. >~:V .....New Jersey August 26, CranberryMarketingCommit- k-i~~~~~ f~ X~ | |teeSummer Meeting, Princeton. Call CMC Manager David Farrimond, (508) 291-1510 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~o..........r informBA|.Wation. A gentle oxen is partof the festivities at the Bog Hollow Festival, to be held August 8 atBog Hollow Farm, Rt. 106 Kingston, ssachu- setts. Activities to benefit CURA VisitingNurses Association include a picnic basket auction atnoon, animal rides and exhibits, a children's activity tent, antiquefarm equipment, naturewalk, balloons and music (sponsoredby the CCCGA PromotionsCommittee). DEI VOLMBAGerCS C WH1804 EDISON ST. BOX 170, ANTIGO, WIS. 54409-0170 stsAciiiSUPPLYING AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALSicue BRAVOctSIEVIN -FUNGINEXtyORTHENEFor CASORONsponsoredbyGUTHION EVRioncall the Pro 3AND I WICTH FAST FRIENOtDLYbeSERVICEa 3SzD, V-SVClam & Scalp-ing Buckets O -1HIO , IN/2 & 2 1I/2Yard Buckets Route I I -608 5652436 .....August 26, American CranberryGrowers AssociationSummer Meetingat Mt. Holly. oWisconsin August 12, WSCGA SummerFiDay& Meeting, Warrens. September25-28, Wisconsin GrowerHarvest Tour. Growers from all areas of the country are invited! September 26-27, Colorama, Manitowish Festival,Seak Cranberry Stone Lake October3-4, EagleRiver CranberryFestival, Eagle River. more informationon isconsin events, the WisconsinState CranberryGrowers IAssociation office at (715) 423-2070. Cranberry Oeiginals PNCEDISON25OPortWE5dwardsWI 5w1s4L469:iii::i5i::i 1804o iTi Rvraglines || | iLEASE WANTED: ll tExperienced grower seeking | producing bog in Massachusetts. Write: P.O. Box 270 Carver, MA 02330 NeDcAssodahtionofFax: (508) 866-4172 Cranberries August 1992 Page23 t0Cookfig· Cre (617) 293-3218 The What'sCookingin Washington Cook-' K ij,'EIER EARTHMOVING, INC. book is perhaps the most American of recipe collections. Barbara Bush and members of "We're Best on Earth." the 102nd U.S. Congress submitted the 295 favorite family recipes, that compile an in-Equipment Rental 0 Site Development · Demolition triguing collection ofregional delights. Land Clearing 0 Pond Construction This cookbook serves as a fund raiser for Mail for Tots, a public charity founded in Peter K. Meier, President 6 Su 02338 1975 for the purpose of cheering sick and, handicapped children by having volunteers send cards and letters of encouragement. In — 1981 adults were included on the lists along 1 with the children. 2,000 long MT has overr vol-' unteers in the U.S., Canada, Australia,and 4 frngeland. or recipinnpers, of a Fp te sheer volume abargain, selling forsteel8.95 their cookbook is plus $2 shipping. To order, Mail hforder write Tots, P.s BoxsuO. MA 89a699-BK, wBoston, 02814. Clere's a cranberry entry from AdSwift,ng D-Washinge ton:s. Blend tho y. Cthe miranbxture through asieve to et EXCAVATOR RAKE FOR WATERWAY MAINTENANCE 2 taste pkgs fresh cranberries available Sizes from 2' to 6mixture i'long 4 Can be bolted to bucket or pinned to dipper arm freezsh oranges, peeled, quartered or rocseparated into sections heat Tines are 3/4" x I 2" treated alloy steel 2 12 oz s Custom rakes made to order pkg frozen raspberrieswithal- sugar 2 cups sugar I I AGAR MFG. CO., 89 Harris St., Pawtucket, RI 02861 Phone: (401) 724-2260 . FAX: (401) 725-8560 Clean the cranberries in water, discarding stems.Put a in food processor basket with th e e sectionsBlend t Forcehorouge orang .y. the m ixturea sie to through veeliminate seeds. Process the raspberries.ies. Sieve the 1 raspberr taste and process. Put the mixture ina f.lat dish and freeze until nearly solid. (If you uwnttousil (If freeze i t let briefly before pro- solid, thaw ceeding.) Process the semi-frozen mixture to lighten and increase smoothness. Return to the shal- two together, add the sugartowill seeds. Mraspberrieswithe re- low dish and put back in the freezer. Take it FarI S Ben Lears out a little before serving. Remember the sorbet melts very quickly. If you leave it out too long, you'll have a thick, chilled cran-Ltd. Crowleys .Bergmrans berry-raspberry "drink". ~ ~itaste through. hrcranberry Notes: I. Usingraspberrieswithout sugar will..re-t quire more sugarthan the recipe callsfor. 2. You might want to use only 8 to 10ounces Cal: ( 11280 Mellis Drive Call: (604) 273-0777............... of raspberriesto let a little more of the 273-7856 In.-p8 Richmond, B.C. cranberrytaste through. Page24August 1992 Cranberries |CRANLAND SERVICES CranberryVines CRANBERRY PROPERTY For Sale APPRAISALS g-1^ l ll Listings and Sales of Cr b Pr perte. Licrnbes Pr License # 68987 ·Pilgrims * Lawrence W. Pink Stevens Old Cordwood Path Duxbury, MA 02332rowleys * (617)934-6076 Cloudburst Cranberries Ltd. KI^ HEshares IE Don & Joan Middleton ^ LE Phone (604) 465-5010 ^^MM A Ml^ Pone (604) MMAND 465-5010 16613 Middleton Rd. | Pitt Meadows " ' British Columbia V3Y IZ1 Il M_ l^ Bailey Pumps YOUR NEXCT YOUR NEAT .REPLACEMENT ENGINE. It's easy. With Command 5's compact design, you can drop it in most any small engine application. From water reels to The original open centrifugal dry harvesters, pumps to herbicide pump used extensively by cran-spreaders, wheel-offs to generators; berry growers for irrigation and Command 5 works on the bog. Outlasts drainage for more than 70 years. imports. Kohler Command 5. Drop us in. Capacity from 2,000 to 16,000 KOHLE R. G.P.M. KO!HLE (11l $ (c2JU ^ Casing Type: Stock sizes 10", For more information regarding the ease 14", 16" & 20 ". of drop-in replacement, give us a call or stop by. r Less expensive type for lower lifts, without casing. Stock sizes [BRIGGS &STRATTON l |CUM 6", 9", 12" & 17" e GRIFFITH CRANBERRY Co., INC. South Shore's Authorized Service Distributor 7 LAKEVIEW ST. FRANKLINSMALLENGINEDIVISION So. CARVER, MA 02366 797 No. MontelloSt, Brockton, MA02401 (508) 866-4052 (508)583-6667 1(800)878-6667 Northland To Offer Additional Stock Northland Cranberries, Inc. (NASDAQ: CBRYA) recently announced that it has filed a registration statement with the Securities and Exchange Commission covering a proposed offering by the company of 1,000,000 shares of Class A Common Stock. The offering is contemplated in early August through an under writing syndicate to be managed by Kemper Securities, Inc. and Cleary Gull Reiland & McDevitt, Inc. Net proceeds to the company will be used to reduce long- term bank debt and complete the acquisition of two currently leased cranberry marshes. The company also intends to grant the underwriters ofthe offering an option to acquire an additional 150,000 for sale to the public to cover over- allotments. Northland operates 13 marshes in central and northern Wisconsin and two marshes on Nantucket Island, Massachusetts. The company currently has 1,500 acres planted in cranberries. Its fall 1991 I harvest totaled 166,500 barrels of fruit. The company currently has 2,543,694 Class A Common shares outstanding. The last sale price for the company's stock on the NASDAQ National Market System on Friday, June 26, 1992 was $12.25. + Correction Page 25 of the July 1992 issue, incorrectly stated that Northland Cranberries, Inc. "is not a member of the growers' associations in either state where it produces cranberries." In fact, the Wisconsin-based cranberry company is a member of at least one growers' association --the Cape Cod Cranberry Growers' IiI~ Association. Northland joined the CCCGA in 1990 after acquiring leases on two Nantucket bogs. The cranberry company does not belong to the WisconsinM State Cranberry Growers Association. | WANTED TO BUY OR LEASE H Any bog within 25 miles of Scituate, MA (617) 544-3044 phone & FAX Cranberries August 1992 Page25 (CANCER: continued from page 7.) occurring carcinogens that has developed as we have evolved. In contrast, within the last 30 to 40 years, we've been hit with a great profusion of synthetic chemicals that we haven't had time to develop defenses against." The bottom line, say Kahn and others, is that the ag chemical industry has no right to increase aperson's risk forcancerespecially ifthat particular risk is still unknown. In the end, it is better to err on the side of caution, they say, than to proceed asifno one's health is any real danger unless scientists can conclusively prove otherwise. But while that argument has prevailed in the past, even the environmental community knows it will have a tougher time making their case now that Ames has switched alliances. Indeed further adding to their worries is the fact that other researchers, who have always believed what Ames is now saying, are stepping forth, and defending Ames' new view. Dr. Vernon Houk, director of the Center for Environmental Health based in Atlanta, says the reason why many researchers are reluctanttogoonrecordaboutagchemicals, is that they are wary of the news media. "One of the reasons Ames has always been quoted by the press is that he interacts well with reporters," he says. But ifhe was wary before, Houk seems to have lost that reticence. "Ames is absolutely correct," he says. "The kinds ofMACHINE quantitative risk assessment tests that are being done to measure carcinogenicity have no relationship to reality. By the time you expose an organism to an extremely high dose of a new substance, extrapolate those effects to a low dose scenario, extrapolate that against to its impact on humans, and then throw in a conservative assumption factor, what you're really engaging in is closer to voodo than risk assessment." Agrees Dr. John Weisburger, a senior member with the Valhalla, New York-based American Foundation: "A great deal of the worry over cancer can be traced to the news medi Overa. the years, they've scared the media. Over the years, they've scared the hell out ofthe public by trying to create this impression that we're all living in a sea of carcinogens. And what Bruce Ames is say-ASOLINE ing is: That is a lot ofhogwash. He believes that in all probability, chemicals like pesti- cides are not dangerous, but they are essen- tial to food production. And by and large, we within the scientific community all share Ames' view." + Page 26 August 1992 Cranberries / W\IAT POYOL AAEAN THY iY EANNEC7 EVERYTAINlG // CAPEWAY BEARING & MACHINE, INC. BEARING & DRIVELINE SPECIALISTS SHO SRVICE 508 -747-2800 FAX 508 -747-3034 BEARIGS HYDRAULICS BEARINGS HYDRAULICS BOAT&TRAILER COMMERCIALPUMPS &COMPONENTS C/R DISTRIBUTOR HYDRAULICHOSE FAG W EATHERHEAD FLANGE UNITS CHARLYNN MOTORS IDUSTRI LUBRICATION OR MARINECUTLAS FEDLPRO IMKEN FOODGRADELUBRICANTS TORRINGTON SEALS BABBITT C/RDISTRIBUTOR BEARINGS BELTS NATIONAL DAYCO NATIONALO-RINGS DRIVELINE COMPONENTS SNOW PLOW PARTS C/V SHAFTS FISHER DETROITS EYER FRONT WHEEL DRIVE AXLES WESTERN MRHANGERBEAR INGS TRANSMISSION &REAR END MOTORMASTER UNIVERSAL JOINTS EATON NEAPCO DNISTRIBUTOR FULLER CO ISTRIBUTOR OCKLL PTO COMPONENTS SPICER ROCKWELL TRANSMISSIONREAR REBUILDING & AXLE KITS SPICER-DANA POWER TRANSMISSION COMPONENTS UNIVERSAL FOR CARS DAYCOCOMPONENTS JOINTS ALL TRUCKS AND HEAVY EQUIPMENT CHAIN CLUTCHES FILTERS MECHANICAL BALDWINDISTRIBUTOR RIGHTANGLEDRIVES ENGINES LOVEJOY HEAVYDUTY EXHAUST TRUCK SUPPLEMENTARY PRODUCTS BRONZEBUSHINGS*GASKET PAPER*GRADE EIGHT HARDWARE*JABSCO CLOVER . FEL-PROLOCKINGHUBS CABLES HOOKS COMPOUND* .MORSE. PINTLE --MAJOR SUPPLIER AND MEMBER GROWERS .CAPE MANAGERS CAFECODCRANBERRY ASSOCIATIONCODTURF ASSOCIATION LOBSTERMENS MASSACHUSETTS ASSOCIATION 100 ooCAMELOT DR., PLYMOUTH, MASS. 02360 BioSafe®-N '¢^ At last an effective, natural control for weevil and girdler larvae incranberries BioSafe-N kills weevil and easily applied through girdler larvae before they conventional sprinkler or complete their cycle of sprayer irrigation systems. destruction. It is effective Ideal times for control of against black vine weevil, root weevils are mid-April strawberry root weevil, through May and again and cranberry girdler. mid-September through Natural insecticide: October. For control of The active ingredient in Black Vine Weevil cranberry girdler, apply BioSafe-N is a naturally r BioSafe-N mid-July occurring, beneficial through September. nematode, Steinemema Use and safety: carpocapsae,that wages The active ingredient in war on weevils and BioSafe-N is exempt from girdlers. EPA registration require- Once applied to the soil, ments. BioSafe-N can be the nematodes seek out applied as needed without and destroy the larvae by fear of soil or groundwater entering the insect pest Strawberry Root Weevil contamination. and releasing a bacterium Place your order now! that kills the host. This BioSafe-N may be bacterium is naturally pre-ordered for shipment associated with the later. To order or for more nematode, and is fatal only G\ information, call your to the insect pest. , agrichemical supplier or Application: BioSafe-N co-op today. can be used as a spot or blanket treatment. It is Cranberry Girdler A Biological Pest Control Company 1057 East Meadow Circle/Palo Alto, CA 94303/(415) 856-9500 ©1992 Biosys 1-800-821-8448 Take Good Care of Yourself Have an Ocean Spray! ...~ii:~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~_·_~~~~~~~~_~~~~~ I_-~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~___i: ::i ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ::~A:~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ The farmer's cooperative that brings you a wide range of natural fruit juices, drinks and sauces Ocean Spray Cranberries, Inc., Lakeville-Middleboro, MA 02349 An Equal Opportunity Employer Cranberries -The National Cranberry Magazine -link page Cranberries -The National Cranberry Magazine -link page PREVIOUS.................Cranberries -The National Cranberry Magazine July, 1992 NEXT...............Cranberries -The National Cranberry Magazine September, 1992 GO TO INDEX
|Title||Cranberries - The National Cranberry Magazine, 1992-08|
|Subject||Cranberries - The Magazine;|
|Rights||2008 Wetherby Cranberry Library;|
|Submitting Institution||Wetherby Cranberry Library;|
|Coverage-Spatial||Massachusetts; New Jersey; Wisconsin; Oregon; Washington; Canada|
|Creator||Bob Taylor; Carolyn Gilmore; Carolyn Laban; Irving Demoranville; Phillip E. Marucci; Elizabeth G. Carpenter; I. V. Hall; Arthur Poole; Azmi Y. Shawa, Tod D. Planer; Dan Brockman; Joan E. Humphrey|
|Date Last Updated||2008-11-10|
|Relation||Cranberries - The National Cranberry Magazine|
|Description||The magazine entitled, “Cranberries – The National Cranberry Magazine,” describes grower information, regional news, and developments in the cranberry industry in the United States and Canada.|
|Description||For more photographs like this one, visit the Cranberry Library Photostream on Flickr at: http://www.flickr.com/photos/cranberrylibrary/sets/|
"My dad says those don 't bite."
POTTER CRANBERRY CO
RR2 BOX 16
WARRENS WI 54666
Carrying a Complete Line of:
* Cranberry Chemicals and Fertilizers
* Frost Alarms
* Chemical Application Equipment
* Kubota K-35 Rental
Bob or Mike (508) 866-4429
3 Plymouth St. Fax:
Carver, MA 02330 (508) 866-5654
Authorized Agway Representative c
gE AET 0 'S Specializing in
CRANBERRY * COMPLETE BOG 0 DITCHING
GROWERS SERVICE MANAGEMENT
Hi^^^ *· HARVESTING HERBICIDE
^lay) O(WET & DRY) APPLICATION
re LathaM, ^ * NETTING · SANDING
Office D. Beaton K. Beaton P. Beaton
(508) 295-2222 (508) 888-1288 (508) 295-2207 (508) 947-3601
Complete line of portable Crisafulli Pumps 2" -16" rSalSI
Plastic netting for suction boxes _
Vol. 56, No. 8
" "" "'
:i:: lll: : llTELi: Ag Chemicals and Cancer: Much Ado About Nothing? ............
11111111111111111South01 Leo A. Sorenson Awarded CALS Honorary Recognition ......... 4
FAX: .(l58i) li.............
866-2970lll. de la Garza Critizes USDA Handling of Minor Crop
...................................................................................... Pesticide Issue. 8
DVIlSORS CORRESP'ONDE Sllll 55 Years Ago in Cranberries: World's Largest Cranberry
MA..SS C.HUSE.T. rvingE.Demoranl le ..ie .
itoCranbiy:Experimen.St.i.o.....i.E..ai. Wareham. Bog Is On An Island ......................................... 10
Northland To Try Cranberries in the Emerald Isle .................... 12
... ..... .. :
:.....:..i... .... ~.
NO 1A1SC1T:IA--Robert:4. Muray,.Hor:culturist: Construction of Cranberry Bogs in Non-Traditional Settings.... 14
BerrylCopsResearchSta'tionTirll rI Pesticide Regulation Bill Passed in Subcommittee .................... 18
cutit:'Re:a:Coastal Whin-gton Columns:
:WASHINGTON--Kim Patten, iD Cranberry
Ui:t oLn Beach.:.:l:: il.:l::l.i~ ...llllll:l l .ll Massachusetts Field Notes
...i...:..l... :.........21Wisconsin Mentionables
CliRAllNERR ispubeid i:m:ontiihly: by Col 23 Regional Notes
Gilmore, offCranberi South Clalliver, 24
MA 02366 Cooking Corner
lll:includin'g:postageoilght1992:bbie:rie Roy Fort, left, conveys some entomologi-
Miaai:z:l::(i!}iiiii.iiiin.iii.iiiii.iiiiiiiiiiiiiii cal information to Joseph Darlington. Long before the term
lISSNll0011-0ll787 'integrated pest management' (IPM) was popularized, New
PostmastersendForm379-Jersey cranberry growers were using sweep nets to monitor
CRANBERRIES, P0 B0X5l8lll insect populations. (1954 photo by Walter Fort.)
DeCran Ag er
+ Complete line ofcranberryherbicides, 4 CulvertPipe-Steel, aluminum, andpoly.
fertilizers,pesticides,fungicides,miticides. 4 Ditch Mud Mats -Strong-lightweight +
Best applicationandsafety equipment durable.
your needs. + BurlappickingBags-Bestfor your money.
4 Quality aerialapplications. 4 Wet harvest bog boom -strong, lightweight
4 Proven frostwarningequipment. andefficient.
4 Pheromonetraps andbaits. 4 Professionalhigh pressurecleaners
4 Right to know training. 4 Jobcom communication systems.
Johnl C. Decas . PaulAlexander
461 Mary's Pond Rd., Rochester, MA 02770
Office: (508) 295-2731 Evenings: (508) 763-5296 • Fax: (508) 291-0196
1-800- 88 Berry (validin every state)
Cranberries August 1992 Page3
1lt0r il^i3 .; :B-0 ;Sti i