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X.... .......... ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~. .X~~~'~ ,~~ ""~' ......w* .... ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~'' ;i...........i ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~....... . ......................................... ~'~5 ........................iiii~!i~?46 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~i'iiii: NEW RELEASE ----Two Limited Edition prints by Robert Duff These prints depict the artist's colorful renditions of a cranberry bog in two seasons. The lush greens of a summer morning and the radiant red glow of a winter afternoon show the diverse beauty of a bog all year long. "SUMMER CRANBERRY BOG" 7" x 28" 'WINTER CRANBERRY BOG" 7" x 28" TO ORDER 450 signed and numbered printsUnframed --$85.00 each Mail Check or Money Order Both Prints --$160.00 Payable to: 50 Artists proofs THE DEPOT GALLERY Both scenes on one print 181 COUNTY ROAD Unframed --$235.00 EAST FREETOWN, MASS. 02717 Tax and Postage included Satisfaction Guaranteed or return for a full, prompt refund. TEL. (508) 763-8467 / il ~;~iii~:l Slouthlllllllariller lilMAll02366 l ~iiii~llllllilil^^iiit·,:iiii^ lFrost .. T................. ........................................ GIR................O..Y ADVISORS50.............. ............. ................................ ................yl· ::I:.l lMAis&CUl......g... berryll^ ^^Experimentlallltonl Est nll1eDirr, l lll Speciali. Budd,<townl; lFraniBrookllMelor l NOVA.. COM-Robe.r^t ay..Holouriilte A ORGNAtuIolelCosCony.. ..lxnin .................. Agent ::::....::::... WASNTOimll lth.D.l iteHrtlt is CoastalashintnResch&Extn oInvesting WiSCONSIN-Tad D. nell Wood Count Aglicullural CNBRIispbiemahyy aoyCioeFuture llloffCanberry Rd. SouthlCrve. A 036.ScodCls pollstage spid atthelSouthliCorver APatOfce rc $25 a othr—o e~ariniCaad;30allyearinll $3.54 i^ncding postage. 1992 by BakilllcopieU iPostmllllllllwsttienomll3749lllllito lll SllllllIIIOUTH M 036 CARVEjR. Damage and Frost Protection in Blueberry and Cranberry by Dr. Nicholi Vorsa ........................................... . 4 ... ...... ..... .... .... ..... .. .. i B.C. May Concede 3rd Place This Year.................................... 6 SCS Chief Tours Bay State Bogs........................................ 9 Years Ago: Grower Gets a Million for Sanding a Bog ......... 12 For Some, Tougher Ag Chemical Exposure Rules Still............. Enough hv Joe Dvmrt 12 Wildlife Utilization on Commercial Cranberry Wetland Systems by Steven Ellsworth and DonaldScha....ll............... 15 Climate Change and the Greenhouse Effect by Dr. PaulJ. Croft .......................................... 17 for Your Grandchildren by Kieran F. McDonough .... 20 The Lab, Not the Land, Seen as New England's Agriculture Growth Area by RobertD. Chadbourne............... 26 Iopyngh? "Frosty Cranberries"byWalter Z. Fort _ _ _ _____________i________l__ill_ ERICKSONAIR-CRANE COMPANY ( SAND YOUR CRANBERR YBEDS BY AIR. , THIS AIRBORNE SYSTEM IS FAST -COMPETES WITH CONVENTIONAL SYSTEMS. THISSKYCRANE SYSTEM CANSPREADA UNIFORMLAYER OF SAND OR OTHER MATERIAL AT THE DESIRED DEPTH. THIS HELICOPTER HAS A 20,000 POUND CAPACITY. .( THIS SER VICE ISA VAILABLE ANYWHERE IN THE UNITED --i ~~~~~STALTES OR CANVADA. Call forinfomation or fixedprice Quote anywhere inthe U.S. or Canada. 800-424-2413 3100 Willow Sp~rings Rd. ¾ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~Central Point, OR 97502 Crantberries December 1992/January 1993 Page3 The Pine Barren "Black Frost" ofMay 20-21, 1992 Frost Damage and Frost Protection in Blueberry and Cranberry by Dr. Nicholi Vorsa' The weather service inAtlantic City, NJ reported adew pointofabout 20 degrees. Adew point of20 degrees indicates that water vapor willcondense directly to ice." (Thisfascinatingarticlethat explainsthe dynamics of 'black frost" is reprintedforthe benefit ofthe cranberryindustry with permissionfrom HorticulturalNews.) The Pine Barren area ofNew Jersey is noted for its unique flora and fauna and perhaps its "Piney" residents. Another unique characteristic, not generally known, is the frequency of temporary spells of frigid temperatures in normally warm months. A frost has occurred on some cranberry bog in this region every month of the year, and quite frequently in May. Two of the most damaging frosts every recorded in May in the Pine Barrens occurred on the mornings of May 20 and May 21, 1992. 'Black Frost' of May 20-21, 1992 Between 10 p.m. Tuesday, May 19 and 6 a.m. Wednesday, May 20, a severe frost occurred in many cranberry and blueberry properties ofNew Jersey. Again, in the early hours of Thursday, May 21, temperatures dropped even more dramatically through South Jersey. In many blueberry growing areas, temperatures reached 22 degrees F. Temperatures in some cranberry bogs in Burlington County Thursday morning dropped to 13 degrees. However, from the lack of damage in some blueberry fields without frost protection, it is apparent that minimum temperatures across South Jersey varied considerably. Blueberry fields not on typical Pine Barren soils such as those at Buddtown, Juliustown, and Folsom exhibited less damage. At the Rutgers University Blueberry and Cranberry Research Center, Chatsworth, NJ, temperature, relative humidity and wind speed are monitored in both a blueberry field and a cranberry bog. In the blueberry plot, temperatures reached a high of 79.2 degrees on Wednesday May 20 at 4 p.m. and a low of24.2 'Dr. Vorsa is Director of Rutgers University's Blueberry and CranberryResearch Center, Chatsworth, NJ. Page 4 December 1992/January 1993 Cranberries degrees eleven hours later on Thursday at 5 a.m., a 55 degree drop. The most significant factor, however, was the relative humidity which reached a low of 5.9 percent Tuesday at 4 p.m. Because of this extremely low relative humidity, dew points (the temperature at which water vapor condenses to form dew on foliage and fog) were extremely low: the weather service in Atlantic City, NJ reported a dew point of about 20 degrees. A dew point of 20 degrees indicates that water vapor will condense directly to ice. Thus, dew will not form on the leaves. Normally, dew points are above 32 degrees (freezing), resulting in dew formation on the leaves, and then as temperatures reach freezing, result in the characteristic frost or ice particle accumulation on the leaves which are generally associated with frosts. Since dew points were below 32 degrees during this period, water vapor condensed directly to ice in the air. Thus, no characteristic snowy white frost formation on the leaves was observed, giving what has been referred to as a "blackfrost".In my discussions with blueberry and cranberry growers, the last time a "black frost" occurred in New Jersey was 36 years ago on the night of May 24, 1956 where bog temperatures were as low as 16 to 18 degrees. Based on records maintained by Phil Marucci, the May 21, 1992 "black frost" was at least 3 degrees colder than in May 1956. Unique features of a 'black frost' There are a number ofunique features of a "black frost". One, is that the minimum temperatures reached will vary widely from location to another: one cranberry grower reported a 20 degree difference from the house and a cranberry bog only 20-30 yards away, but where the elevation difference between the thermometers was approximately 10 to 15 feet. This was also apparent in blueberry fields where some fields did not exhibit any damage (with no frost protection taken) while others exhibited severe damage, where temperatures reached the low 20s. A second (Please turn to page 10.) nil~i~ ^1^1 l» fnl ila loan our businessits local businesses like no Look we: want to be your business Ifneeds here. We understand makes the decision. to try to help you get it. big city bank ever could. your commercial bank. We've got plenty of When you talk with So for all your com money to lend having us, you talk direct. mercial banking needs come through these One-on-one. No big call Larry Venezia at tough times in great committees. No big (508) 946-3162 today. shape. And just as city red tape. The And let's get down to important, we're right person you deal with business. Plymouth LISavings Member FDIC/DIFM. WAREHAM COTUIT DUXBURY FALMOUTH LAKEVILLE MARION (508) 295-3800 (508) 428-1300 (617) 934-0101 (508) 548-3000 (508) 947-6601 (508) 748-2919 MASHPEE MATTAPOISETT MIDDLEBOROUGH MIDDLEBOROUGH CENTER NO. PLYMOUTH PLYMOUTH (508) 477-7984 (508) 758-4936 (508) 946-3065 (508) 947-1300 (508) 747-1600 (508) 746-3300 SANDWICH TEATICKET (508) 888-4444 (508) 540-5002 PLYMOUTH MORTGAGE COMPANY 1-800-333-8000 B.C. May Concede 3rd PlaceThisYear British Columbia has been emerging as a key cranberry producing region in the past few years. In 1990 and 1991, as the 2,000,000 - shown on the graph to the right, the 1,800,000 Canadian providence surpassed New _ Jersey as the third largest cranberry growing area in the continent. However, 1,400,000 - UMA *aNJ this year N.J. is likely to take back its third place: Preliminary crop figures show the Garden State did well with a 480,000 I 1,200,000 10000 I I 13OR IWA I wI barrel crop, but indications are that B.C. 800,000 0 BC may be lagging some 50,000 barrels 600,000 behind. 400,000 With 2,781 acres in production and 200,000 another 450 scheduled to mature in the next year or two, the odds are that B.C. 1988 1989 1990 1991 will soon take third place again. Canadian CROPYEARS growers, who face a friendlier wetland regulatory atmosphere than in the U.S., may continue to develop new cranberry U.S. and Canadian Production Comparisons for Crop Years 1988 -1991 areas in the coming decade. + (Preparedby David Farrimond, Cranberry Marketing Committee GeneralManager.) N The Cranberry Story in Video Cranberry Bounce $20 Home Use Only $35 Public Performance with Instruction Guide DeBeck Educational Video 314 E. Holly #106 Box 33738 Station D Bellingham, WA Vancouver, B.C. USA 98225 Canada V6J 4L6 Phone: (604) 261-4791 Fax: (604) 261-7131 Pre-pay by check only to: DeBeck Educational Video Inthe United States add $2.00 per tape 30 minutesgAges 5 and up. Stereo losed Captioned for shipping. InCanada, add $5.00 per tape for GST and postage. Cranberry Bounce follows the seasons with the May children on their eBeCk farm in Richmond, B.C., and also features Cape Cod growers Brud Philips EDUCATIONAL dry harvesting with a scoop and Larry Cole's special cranberry floats. Page 6December 1992/January 1993 Cranberries Vines for Sale Pilgrims Stevens Ben Lears. Crowleys *Bergmans Richberry ·Tax-Advantaged I Farms Ltd. Investments ·Tax-Deferred Annuities FinPancial Planning 11280 Mellis Drive ~Financial Richmond, B.C. V6X 1L7 Canada · Planning For College Calm (604) 273-0777 Fax: (604) 273-7856 * Tax-Free Bonds •Mutual Funds Get effective, economical &insectcontrolwithManagement VLL\TTR PT T · Portfolio Review& insect control with P Retirement Planning JLVI11 A X LJ Now more thanever .. the environment Kieran F. McDonough is rl t Associate Vice President-Investments One Federal Street, 24th Floor . . I Boston, MA 02110 RHONE-POULENC -^- 617-956-9031 or 800-343-9127 RHONE POULENC AG COMPANY P.O.Box 12014, 2 T.W Alexander Drive /^^dential SecurltlesC~j'~ Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 Prudential Securities ' 919/549-2000 Member SIPC SEVIN is a registered trademark of Rhone-Poulenc for carbaryl insecticide. 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Box 72 11, Madison, WI 53707 (608) 221-6204 or I-(800) 362-8049 SCS Chief William Richards, left, vis- a 1 ^T~, ited with Linda and Paul Rinta when Vmes~ they were harvesting their Wareham, Cra nberrys al i Mass. bog. (Cranberries photo.) eYCranvDrY^ | *1 [For SCS ChiefTours Sae .Stevens i * Bay State Bogs Eenear / Lear OlIen William Richards, Chief ofthe Soil Con servation Service, took in the Massachusetts For Stevens, contact: For Ben Lear, contact: cranberry harvest last October. "One of the most wonderful parts ofthis Jon Gottschalk Guy Gottschalk jobistotravelaroundtheUS," saidRichards Cranberry Lake Corp Gottschalk Cranberry, Inc. who had viewed some 40 diverse agriculN6950 Cranberry Lake Ln. 1689 CranberryLn. tural commodities around the country this Phillips, WI 54555 Wisc. Rapids, WI 54494 year. "It is really important to meet with farmers, especially where farmers are hav- Phone (715) 339-3787 Phone (715) 866-3763 ing compliance problems. Where there are farmers to talk to that's where I go." W ante He and his wife Grace, visited a dry harvested bog owned by Barry and Lydia Mathias and then viewed the wet harvest at Paul and Linda Rinta's farm. They also toured the HillerReceiving StationinCarver f^^ravel~~ Sand^~ the Ocean Spray Cranberries, Inc. manu- Jand _^^a facturing plant in Middleboro. Escorted by \~Gr~~avel& ^•••Dick ^~s^~and Gallo, SCS State Conservationist, Jere Quantities of 10,000 yards and up DowningofTheCranberry Institute, grower in Southeastern Massachusetts and CCCGA president Dave McCarthy, and Complete site work bog construction and finish contouring of surrounding Jeff Carlson, CCCGA executive director, upland plus the best price for your material! the Richards' were also given a helicopter OA9SORB Volday®vSealants tour of the growing area where harvesting A*MRASORE@' SoialMaiantms TPoSCIh Pond Uners* was in full swing. Particles swell to30 A volcanic clay that swells and seals Ahigh density poly- times their size when when wet to form an impervious barrier. ethylene geotextile Richardshas served two years at SCS d wet and hold 300to For use in new bog construction. Allows custom made onsite, 400times their bog and reservoir construction at any any size. Increase your Chief Prior to his appointment, he wasan weight inwater. For j elevation. 'Available at RASP,Caner, MA water storage capacity. Ohio farmer well known for his pioneering use innew bog Reduce potential for construction or . :/ .., contamination liability. work in conservation tillage. He began his whenrebuilding . t.AvabiableihroughStearnsirrgation | farm operation in 1954 with 140 acres of neglected bottom land and was among the Michael Coan (508) 866-5285 Sam White & Sons, Sand & Gravel, Medfield, MA (508) 359-7291 r first fannersinthenationtopmcticeconr-farmers inthe nation to practice conser_ a a * ... £ I vation tillage on his entire acreage. 4 Cranberries December1992/January 1993 Page9 moisture. Damage was noted in all varieties examined which ____ ___ include Weymouth, Bluetta, Duke, Earliblue, Collins, Bluecrop, (BLACK FROST: Continuedfrompage 5.) Bluegold, Jersey, Nelson, and Elliot. Most fields that were frost feature that was observed during this period was the very rapid protected with overhead irrigation exhibited no apparent drop in temperature. The monitor in a blueberry field plot at the damage. However, it should be noted that a number of fields Rutgers University Blueberry and Cranberry Center registered a which were overhead irrigated for frost protection did exhibit drop of20.9 degrees in one hour (between 8 and 9 p.m., damage. Wednesday) from 62 degrees to 41.1 degrees, and a drop from 41.1 degrees to 28.5 degrees between 9 and 10 p.m.,(a 12.6 Frost Protection degree change). Of the total 55 degree drop in temperature It was readily apparent that some blueberry fields were well mentioned earlier, 33.5 degrees of the drop occurred between 8 protected with overhead irrigation. Overhead irrigation of and 10 p.m. Wednesday evening. A third feature that was noted cranberry bogs also exhibited good levels ofprotection. How- from the monitor data was that when the temperature reached a ever, some bogs which were irrigated did exhibit various levels low of 25 degrees at 1a.m. Thursday, relative humidity in-of damage. Effective protection was also obtained with helicopcreased to 100 percent. At this point the temperature rose from ter flights over blueberry fields. 25 to 31 degrees (3 a.m.) before it began to fall again to the minimum of 24 degrees reached at 5 a.m. Thursday morning. It is apparent that sprinkling does reduce frost damage in most instances. However, some measures failed to protect the crop in Frost Damage Assessment some fields. To obtain preliminary estimates of crop damage, developing fruit, open flowers and opened flowers were examined in I thank A. Galletta,R. Galletta,S. Parker, W.Haines,Sr., W. blueberry fields from Hammonton to Chatsworth. Generally in Haines, Jr.,J. Bertino, S. Lee, A. Lee, andD. Fitanteeforthe fields where temperatures reached into the low 20s developing helpfiul discussions, informationand data theyprovided. I also fruit and open flowers were the most severely damaged. Un-wish to express my gratitudeto P. Marucci (ProfessorEmeritus, opened blossoms apparently tolerated the low temperatures. Rutgers University), Dr. A. W. Stretch andL.A. Butenis-Vorsafor Inspection ofdeveloping berries ofthe blueberry cultivar reviewing the manuscriptandprovidinghelpful suggestionsand Weymouth indicated that damage also occurred the previous comments. + night in some fields: fruit was blackened and lacked free Vines for Spring S a le ! 9 9 2 Ben Lear $3,200 Pilgrims $5,000 Crowley $1,750 LeMunyon $5,000 Stevens $3,200 Howes $2,500 Early Blacks $2,500 Pagel10Demb Russell Lawton (508)947-7465 Contact: NorthlandCranberries,Inc. Le Roy Miles (715) 424-4444 l |I Middleboro, MA 02346 Wisconsin Rapids, Wl 54494 Page10 December1992/January 1993 Cranberries ^^ .Cheersto you--the New England financial strength has consistently farmer. You sweat and toil your entire earned it the highest ratings from Q life to make your farm a success. And 0^ I 0^^ ^I ^J with that success comes many finant cial challenges, including estate plan- OCdO Q g SViea | I I| ^you ~ an 1I e ,riy l ers. Che ning. Estate taxation can eliminate ning. Esttetaatonae much of your estate's value-leaving your heirs with far less than you would expect. The financial security team of Alan Bradshaw and Jean Organ can help develop a well-organized estate plan to reduce estate settlement costs and pass on more of the estate you to your heirs. jean and Alan created to your heirs. Jean and Alan represent Sun Life of Canada, "one of the strongest financial institutions in North America," according to Stan- dard & Poor's. Sun Life's unsurpassed created industry analysts: * A+ + (Superior) from the *AAA (Superior) from Standard & Poor's. Call Alan and Jean today to learn how they can help you establish an estate conservation program that's right for you and your family. Alan Bradshaw and Jean Organ Sun Life of Canada 404 Wyman Street, Suite 330 Waltham MA,02154 (617) 890-8140 f Canada of Canada A member of Sun FinancialGroup Forallyour growing needs. R.F. Morse & Son, Inc... v^/\^•~~ :^^~ 1x1supplying agricultural chemicals, fertilizer I and power equipment t^( ^ ~CRANBERRY HIGHWAY * WEST WAREHAM, MASSACHUSETTS 02576 L^NC. (508) 295-1553 II"^ 50 Years Ago Grower Gets a Mcilion for Sanding a Bog When grower Andrew Paanenen of Carver, Mass. opened his mail, he found a U.S. government check in his name for $1,000,015.25, according to a news item that appeared in CranberriesMagazine some 50 years ago. "Naturally he was astonished," the article read. "Figuring it out, he soon realized that he was being overpaid exactly one million dollars on a contract Ci thesoi ervnpln OPENSEASON FOR SANDING-NOVEMBER THROUGHMARCH: Using a fall cooperate hewas to receie 15.25 for re-flow, grower Skid Whipple barge-sands Edgewood Trust's Cranebrook bog applyingto his cranbeysand g" in South Carver, Mass. Customized barge sanders, such as Whipple's, mean Bay State growers can sand right after harvest until the snow flies, and pick up again whereby he was to receive $15.25 for Delivered! With only two acres to his credit, Mr. by mid-February for spring sanding. Many growers no longer rely entirely on ice Paanenen was probably the only cranbey sanding. In the past year, Skid has built over a dozen barges for othergrowers grower to receive such a "stupendou and sanded a great number of acres for other companies. (Cranberriesphoto.) check for his endeavors to improve the ooperate in the soil conservationplan fertility of his land," according to the Mr. Paanenen briefly enjoyed playing millionaire. After jokingly trying to cash the check at a Plymouth bank, he mailed it back to the treasury department in Washington, D.C., alongwith lettr SA RAVEL LOAM explanation. +D GRAVL S E TRUCK and EQUIPMENT RENTALS Affention Growers! l GROWERS ItoScreenie $155g Sandf he Screened Bog Sand REALTY Picked up and Delivered! Listingsofbuyers andsellers l newelcomedwelcomed on cranberry tes allJohn MooH(CrFor on For PriceQPrice Quotes Call John Moon acreageand upland. I (508) 746 -1101 days (617) 925 -3951 nights DOASER.BEA DELIVERIES Nexcellent service, fair measure E. Sandwich, Mass. 02537 (11iatI SERVICE competitive prices. WE ARE ALWAYS LOOKING FOR NEW GRAVEL, LOAM & SAND SOURCES Page12 December 1992/January1993 Cranberries For Some,TougherAg Chemical Exposure Rules Still Not Enough byJoe Dysart Given the fact that farmers and their em-in this marathon brawl is completely satis-Apparently, all the various special interest ployees face ag chemical exposures far above fled with the new exposure standard. Many groups and the people they represent are those of the typical American, it is no won-ag industry lobbyists fear costs for the new hunkering down to deal with the Worker der environmentalists have been fighting for training and safetyprecautionswillhit small-Protection Standard, one way or another. tougher EPA regulation ofthese exposures. est growers the hardest. And worker cham-For Jay Feldman, president of the Washing- But what has surprised many is that it has pion groups, like the Washington, D.C.-ton, D.C.-based National Coalition Against taken eight years to accomplish the task. based Farmworker Justice Fund, complain the Misuse ofPesticides, that means giving Predictably, no one who has been involved that the new regs are full of loopholes. the EPA an appreciative nod --and getting on with the business of lobbying. "We're pleased that the EPA is finally moving ahead on worker protection," says Feldman, who was drawn into the environmental movement many years ago by the worker protection issue. Like the FJF, Feldman believes there are a number ofsoft *l Available for Spring of 1993 0 spots inthe new rules that simply cannot be tolerated, and his group plans to submit ^ ~Pilgrims, Stevens and Ben Lears specific comments outlining those concerns Or Write: shortly. MarketPricesJensen Cranberry Bogs, Inc. By contrast, chemical industry types like Market Prices Route 2 Box 92 Adel Logan, a spokeswoman for the Na (608) 378-4069 Warrens, WI 54666 tional Agricultural Chemical Association in Washington, D.C., come off as fairly languid about the whole affair. Aside from some tepid concerns about new labeling requirements the new rules will impose, the C A N B E R RY G R O W E R S industry generally seems supportive of the FARM PACKAGE S changes. Says Logan: "We see this as a N FR AE S s 0 positive moverepresenting areal improve- COMMERCIAL FARM PLATES ment for farmworker protection."S A Back when the ruckus first started, one of eU HOME I/^U /rHOM~A~ AUTO A~| that cranberry growers and other pesticide 1 X |the main concerns of environmentalists was ff/—'—\^^ \\handlersR PO TI GAMMONS \ COVE protection standard. They also fumed that R/^~~~ ^ were not covered by any exposure _POLL__O N iINSURRANN C E CVA workers could legally be required to return IE —II -"_ AGENCY a/ _M to freshly treated fields, as long as they wore _ equate. Moreover, wording ofthe 1974 rule nO^^^^il~|^FS^^R~~~~I~ | |made its regulations vague, and difficult to M:,NY,_NS s Aa~/,,./ \ protective gear that is now considered inad- I~ I JI NSU ^ RI enforce. ANCE ^^ ADSPECIALISTS R LOU AMMONS CHARLES ADAMS E Bycomparison, thel992versioninargu328 BEDFORD ST. R234 WEST CENTER ST. ably represents a significant improvement ^E |LAKEVILLE MA. 02347 W.BRIDGEWATER MA. 02379 over its predecessor. Specific provisions (508) 947-3460 (508) 587-5640 (Please turn to CHEMICALpage 18.) Cranberres December 1992/January 1993Page13 Canada goose . '.j ·' (-.27.. Wildlife Utilization on Commercial CranberryWedtland Systems by Steven Ellsworth' and Donald SchalP drawings by Sue Oslund3 wetland systems. Overall species diversity ,. lown was closely tied to the number and variety of ·:^ -es_---tedw~ ,.lahabitats found within the cranberry wetland system. During the field investigations, 11 land:=:-~udfwl. .. :util o of species of mammals, 65 species of birds, 6 . species ofamphibians, and 1 1 species offish Mallard Duck (male), very common were recorded inthe study. Species common to New England were well represented, but ommercial cranberry bogs cal assessment of three commercial cran-several of the region's state-listed wildlife have been created inmoist, berry wetland systems in eastern Massachu-species were also observed. lowlands and scrub/for-setts was conducted by IEP Inc. in the late From an agricultural viewpoint, cranberry estedwetlands forover 150 spring of 1990. The primary focus was on beds are monocultures of the large-fruited years. These natural wet-wildlifehabitat value and utilization. cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon). As land systems were utilized Our studies ofwildlife utilization ofcran-such, the diversity of plant life forms (i.e., by cranberry growers primarily because of berry wetland systems ineastern Massachu-herbs, shrubs, trees) which provide vertical readily available water sources which are setts incorporated several wildlife sampling structural diversity in a plant community is required for various cranberry cultivation methods such as transect bird surveys, mist limited on cranberry beds. Increased strucpractices. In the case of some ofthe earliest net bird surveys, small mammal trapping, tural diversity correlates closelywith higher beds, the presence ofnatural wild cranberry and fish and macroinvertebrate surveys to wildlife diversity and utilization. Mamma- vines in the vegetative community encour-collect information on the species composi-lian species found to utilize active cranberry aged their conversion to commercial cran-tion ofthe wildlife communities that utilize beds on the study areas include white-tailed berry bogs. these systems. The field inspections also deer, red fox, and meadow voles. Trapping Despite the long history of cranberry cul-generated many interesting field observa-data documented inhabitation of the crantivation and the number of acres under cul-tions. berry beds by meadow voles. However, tivation, the ecology of commercial cran-The field surveys documented a diversity trapping success was greater in adjacent berry wetland systems and, in particular, of wildlife on cranberry wetland systems disturbed areas and adjacent wetlands. Actheir value to wildlife is only recently being which compared favorably to that reported tive beds are also utilized by waterfowl inventoried and studied. A baseline ecologi-in the literature for certain types of natural (ducks and geese) and raptors (hawks and Page 14 December1992/January 1993 Cranberries owls). Shorebirds and herons feed along the banks ofthe irrigation ditches, while swallows and flycatchers hunt for insects above the beds. Although the cranberry beds themselves appear to be utilized by a relatively low number of species, adjacent managed habitats such as reservoirs, drainage channels, irrigation ditches, low brush communities, and disturbed areas provide breeding areas, cover habitats, and feeding sites for many additional species. The water supply sys- tems and land use management practices are an integral part of the operation of a cranberry bog, and they contribute to the overall diversity of the wetland system. Construction and maintenance of cranberry wetland systems creates some excel- lent wildlife habitats such as reservoirs, ponds, and transition zones between adja- cent uplands and undisturbed wetlands. The reservoirs often provide habitat forthe more aquatic avianspecies suchas double-breasted cormorant, great blue heron, green-backed heron, black-crowned night heron, mute swan, Canada goose, mallard, black duck, wood duck, osprey, and belted kingfisher, where none previously existed. Permanent water bodies are utilized by various mam- mals, such as white-tailed deer, raccoons, and muskrats as well as providing excellent . ... = = __. Canvasback habitat forturtles, frogs, and fish. The reser- voiredge was particularly attractive as habi- tat for a number of avian species. Some of the more commonly observed species inthis reservoir edge habitat were Eastern king- bird, gray catbird, yellow warbler, common yellowthroat, red-winged blackbird, and common grackle. Herbaceous and scrub/shrub areas adja- cent to the cranberry beds, in general, had high productivity (abundance). Cottontail rabbit, woodchuck, white-footedmouse, and meadow vole are mammal species that com- monly usedthese habitats. White-tailed deer i/ ~. ___^~ .'hAt~~habitats .. ~ __ _ - and red fox also utilized them. Red-shouldered and red-tailedhawks were seen foraging over these areas on a number of occasions. Bobwhite quail were also frequently observed. Among the more common song birds observed in these habitats were gray catbird, Northern mockingbird, brown thrasher, blue-winged and prairie warblers, Northern cardinals, rufous-sided towhees, and song sparrows. Snapping turtles and painted turtles, which must leave aquatic habitats on the sites to deposit their eggs in open, sandy areas, were observed depositing eggs in sandy road banks and sand piles for nesting turtles. The diversity and abundance of wildlife species utilizing both wetland and upland ~ in the study areas was, in all probability, increased by their proximity to the reservoirs, cranberry beds, and disturbed -I> :areas ofthe cranberry operations. The "edge numerousa:___natura Isuceffect" contributes to ecological diversity. The value of habitats, particularly forested threatene enda d sihabitats, is improved for most wildlife spe- Dnal'..... 'S..... t sr':::: a... ,cies when they are adjacent to open areas. Although wildlife diversity is relatively low in the cranberry beds, diversity within the overall system is high, when compensation from the other habitats is taken into consideration. The study was conducted during a brief 16-day period in May -June 1990,therefore, thenumberofspecieswhich Bufflehead: male, above; female below actually use these wetland systems over the (Pleaseturnpage.) 'Steven Ellsworth isa Senior Wildlife Biologist/Wetland Scientist at the Fugro-McClelland (East), Inc, Portsmouth N.H. office. He has conducted numerous natural resource inventories and investigations, including wetland delineations and ecological evaluations, wildlife management plans, rare/ threatened/endangered species surveys and wildlife surveys. 2Donald Schall serves as a Senior Wetland Biologist at the Fugro-McClelland (East), Inc Sandwich, Mass. office. He has 21 years experience in conservation education, wetland mitigation planning vernal pool investigations, and plant and wildlife habitat assessments. 3Drawings by Sue Oslund, also ofthe FurgoMcClelland (East) staff; are of ducks commonly seen on cranberry bog reservoirs. Cranberries Decemberl992/January1993Page15 .. significantly. AlNN KZCllllHMlSlllll Compact Size. Chocolate, Curlie Beauties. course of an entire year would be increased ri:. nberry lrigials AMERICAN WATER SPANIELS -6262iYEARS! ^llIIllRare. eby Artalsoaaae(15) 8875 Love Kids, Supreme Upland-Waterfowl Hunters, 111 1111:11181i111i11p Port. WI 5469 Information on the natural history and habi-italoui...... il..... l.........in Frenchy Bovee, Plainfield, WI 54966 tat requirements ofwildlife species in New l:i:Watercolorsl :teardsi:X-StichPtrnsll: : phone: (715) 335-6984 England may be obtained from the follow ing sources: Additional Readings ! 11P.Box. 1' Retrievers. Snaphots. For information contact: VINES FOR SALE --SPRING 1993 DeGraaf, Richard M. andDeborahD. Rudis. 1983. Amphibians and Reptiles of New England: Habitats andNatural History. Uni-Stevens vines for sale Discounts on orders over 15 versity of Massachusetts Press. Amherst. $3,400 per ton tons or with down payment Baled or loose by February 1, 1993 DeGraaf, RichardM. and DeborahD. Rudis. Baled or loose by February 1,1993 1986. NewEngland Wildlife: Habitat, Natural History, and Distribution. USDA-Forest Service, General TechnicalReportNE-108. G. Brockman, Inc. 4409 Brockman Rd.-Vesper, WI 54489-9764 . Godin, Alfred J. 1977. Wild Mammals of (715) 423-0368 office (715) 423-7016 home New England. The Johns Hopkins Univer-KdSpeeUadWtrHues sity Press. Baltimore, Maryland. Lazell, James D. Jr. 1976. This Broken Dragline Work -All Kinds Archipelago: Cape Cod and the Islands r n o Amphibians and Reptiles. Quadrangle/The 3 Size Draglines New York Times Book Co. Clam & Scalping Buckets Massachusetts Natural Heritage and Endan-C & gered Species Program. 1992. Atlas ofEsti-I I_ /2 2 2'/2 Yard Buckets mated Habitats of State-Listed Rare Wetlands Wildlife. Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Division ofFisheries and Wildlife. Route Boston, Massachusetts. Necedah, WI 5464641608 565-2 3 The authorswish to thank The Cranberry ________ Institute, East Wareham, Massachusettsfor sponsoringthis study andfortheirsupport. A summary ofthe Wisconsin wildlife study conductedin cranberryregionswill appear in an upcoming issue. /_ f / INES FORl , ENGINEERS heCONSULTING Products for bog construction applications SURVEYORS * Hay Bales * * Erosion ControlProducts * |* Siltation Fence * experience inall aspects of cranberry land a lHExtensive *ilGradeStakesm * development: evaluation, purchase, survey, design, * So ilR einforcement *N.u * SlopeStabilization * permitacquisition, phased construction and planting * DrainageFabric * both in wetlands and uplands. * Bob CatRental * Have references. Will travel. Contact: Will Lee 685 North Main Street 10968 Highway 54 East West Bridgewater, MA 02379 Wisconsin Rapids, Wl 54494 Phone: (508) 580-3400 (715) 424-3 13 Page 16 December 1992/January1993 Cranberries Climate Change and the Greenhouse Effect by Dr. Paul]. Croft Department ofMeteorology and Physical Oceanography The so-called "greenhouse effect" and "global warming" are topical issues that arenotwell understoodby mostpeople.It is an unfortunate situation caused by poor communicationofthe issuesby atmospheric scientists. The problemhas only been wors- ened by the bickeringthe issue has caused within the scientific community. This is the first of a two-part series that will explore what the greenhouseeffect is, how itrelates to globalwarmingand the consequencesof climatic change. What is the greenhouse effect? The greenhouse effect involves the inter- action of solar radiation with the earth's atmosphere. The sun emits many different wavelengths of light energy that are often classified as either shortwave or longwave radiation. The shortwave radiation is the most abundant and important of the sun's emissions. Shortwave radiation passes di- rectly through the earth's atmosphere to the ground (although some wavelengths are blocked by ozone and other chemicals). By comparison, very little significant longwave radiation reaches the earth. The shortwave radiation received from the sunheats the earth's surface as itis absorbed. Eventually there is a re-radiation of this energy. For example, sand heats up rapidly, and to a high temperature, during the day, yet re-radiates this energy away--or cools-- at night. It is this re-radiation, or cooling, in the form of long wave radiation that is the most significant form orradiation generated by the earth, Although shortwave radiation from the sun passes through the atmosphere virtually Rutgers University unhindered, longwave radiation from the earth doesnot. Instead, much ofearth'sheat energy is trappedby gases in the atmosphere that absorblongwave radiation. These gases, namely carbon dioxide, methane, and water vapor (the so-called greenhouse gases, among others); absorb longwave radiation from the earth, causing the atmosphere towarm. Since the process is similar to the concept of a greenhouse (i.e., the glass walls allow in sunshine for heating while limiting the loss ofthe heat generated), the name greenhouse effect is applied. Without this effect, the earth's atmosphere would be significantly colder and unable to support life. What is global warming? If the greenhouse effect is a naturally occurring phenomenon that maintains life on earth, why do scientists fear global warm- ing? These fears are related to increases in the concentration ofgreenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Although most ofthe gases are present in very small quantities, human ac- tivity has caused the amount of these gases in the atmosphere to increase more rapidly. In particular, carbon dioxide and methane concentrations have increased over the last 100 years. The increase in carbon dioxide has been due primarily to combustion of fossil fuels, whereas the methane increase is attributable to the farming of more cattle and rice. Other greenhouse gases include nitrous oxide, chloroflourocarbons (or CFCs), and ozone. Although these are also important, and are increasing in the atmosphere, they are lesser contributors to the greenhouse effect. It is the increase in the concentration of these gases that allows for more heating of the atmosphere. The result is an enhancementoftheglobalwarming. These "doomsday predictions" were apparently born out by the hot summers and mild winters that have occurred aroundthe world overthe last several years. Indeed, global temperature data show thatthe earth's mean temperature has been increasing steadily for the first 150 years. However, given the poor quality of some climate data--and because temperature trends cannot simply be extrapolated into the future --there is a legitimate questioning ofwhether global warming is occurring or will occur. Those who "survived" the severe winters of the late 1970s may remember that the concern at that time was whether the globe would be overtaken by a new ice age. This illustrates why pointing to a few warm or cold months, seasons, or years (in the world, or for a given region) and equating such occurrences as evidence of global climate change is not possible. These same occurrences could be due simply to the natural variabilityofclimate. Yet, the factthatsixof the warmest years on the globe have occurred within the last ten years (highly unlikely by random chance) does suggest that there is something going on with the earth's climate that may be related to the greenhouse effect. (Anticipated climate changes will be addressed in an upcoming issue.) Any operating or abandoned bog within 25 miles of Scituate, MA 30A Cranberries December 1992/January1993 Page17 r -, |I ACGGR e lNDCRANLAND Z r veI aNatural OrganicFertilizer SERVICES CranberryVines I Vines CRANBERRY PROPERTY Cranberry For Sale · MakeMI moreefficient useof I^~ ^residual nitrogen. I Listings and Sales of 2 I^ I Increasenitrogennodulation. I Cranberry Properties. l~~ I ~ ~~ILicense # 68987 · Pilgrims I· Stimulateplantgrowth,yield I Iandroot development Lawrence W. Pink Stevens * I Old Cordwood Path I ncreaseplantsugar/protein Duxbury,MA02332 Crowleys I content andpromoteearlier (617)934-6076 Imaturation. I (II _ 1 I ROLAND GUILLET KOHLE COMMAND Cloudburst Cranberries Ltd. R. &A. ENTERPRISES Don & Joan Middleton 1 30 Ken-MarDr. Phone (604) 465-5010 Somerset, MA 02726 Telephone: (508) 676-9704 5..' 16613 Middleton Rd. I Toll Free: 1-(800) 499-9704 Pitt Meadows Fax: (508) 669-5616 British Columbia V3Y IZI (50 669-5616 _ LI J.D.CRANE SERVICE BaileyPumps YOUR NEXT REPLACEMENT * BOG EXCAVATING ENGINE. It's easy. With Command 5's compact ^~~t: ~~~~~DREDGINGl~8~ \ II4~~~~ design, you can drop it in most any small engine application. From water reels to * RIP-RAP The original open centrifugal dry harvesters, pumps to herbicide pump used extensively by cran-spreaders, wheel-offs to generators; berry growers for irrigation and Command 5 works on the bog. Outlasts drainage for more than 70 years. imports. Kohler Command 5. Drop us in. Capacity from 2,000 to 16,000 KOHLER. \ \ .R G.P.M. —i |JIDo| ;' • Casing Type: Stock sizes 10", For more information regarding the ease 14", 16" & 20 ". of drop-in replacement, give us a call or stop by. Less expensive type for lower JOE SOARES lifts,without casing. Stock sizes . BRIGGS&STRATON ,cuu OWNER-OPERATOR 6", 9", 12" & 17" ,S -1 GRIFFITH CRANBERRY Co., INC. South Shore's Authorized Service Distributor 97 ROCHESTER ROAD 7 LAKEVIEW ST. FRANKLIN SMALL ENGINE DIVISION CARVER MA 0233066 797 No. MontelloSt, Brockton, MA02401 (508) 866-7937 (508) 866-4052 (508)583-6667 1(800)878-6667 (CHEMICAL: Continuedfrom page 13.) require that growers or other workers at risk get access to ample water, soap and towels forwashinganddecontamination. Theguar- anteeofemergencytransportationto amedical facility must also be provided by an employer ifthere is an ag chemical related health emergency. And specific guidelines have been set down as towhen workers can be expected to safely reenter freshly treated fields, on a chemical-by-chemical basis. There are also some specific requirements outlining the kind of training employers must provide for workers new to ag chemicals. Employers will also be expected to grant easy access to information about the kind of ag chemicals workers will be en- countering. Andmuchwillbemadeofappli- cation methods that ensure cranberry grow ers and employees apply their chemicals in a way that will not result in exposures to other workers or people. Also safety warning information and training must be given in a manner that a worker can understand. All EPA training materials and posters related to ag chemical safety must be printed inboth Spanish and English. In essence, the new rules will give han- dlersofpesticides"afargreateropportunity to protect themselves, their families, and others," says William K. Reilly, the EPA's administrator. "These workers will know, often for the first time, when they are work- ing in the presence of toxic pesticides, understand the nature ofthe risks these chemicals present, and get basic safety instructions." +' || The CaieThe Charles W. Harris Company 451 Old Somerset Avenue 451 Old Somerset l Avenue North Dighton, Mass. 02764 Phone (508) 824-5607 AMES Antisyphon Devices RAINBIRD Sprinklers HALE Pumps HighestQuality ProductsWith Satisfaction Guaranteed (617) 293-3218 | B 1^, "lEIER EARTHMOVING INC "We're Best on Earth." Equipment Rental · Site Development · Demolition Land Clearing · Pond Construction Peer K.MeerPresdent 63 South Street Halifax, MA 02338 l I l EXCAVATOR RAKE FOR WATERWAY MAINTENANCE · Sizes available from 2' to 6 ' long · Can be bolted to bucket or pinned to dipper arm · Tines are 3/4" x 1 1/2" heat treated alloy steel · Custom rakes made to order AGAR MFG. CO., 89 Harris St., Pawtucket, RI 02861 Phone: (401) 724-2260 · FAX: (401) 725-8560 J.A. JENKINS & SON CO. Grower Service * MOWING (ALL TYPES) * DITCHING SMALL BOG RENNOVATIONS * SANDING Serving Cape Cod 227 Pine St., W. Barnstable, Ma. 02668 Phone (508) 362-6018 Cranberries December 1992/January1993 Page19 Investing forYour Grandchildren (Thirdin a seriesonfinancialplanningand investment possibilitiesfor the small busi- nessowner.) "I'm spending my grandchildren's inher- itance," say cynicalbumperstickerson cars one sometimes sees these days. Maybe these grandparents are doing the right thing. No doubt some people can in- herit too much money. Multi-billionaire Warren Buffett, the world renowned inves- tor, intends to bestow far less than his entire fortune on his children. "Love," he empha- sizes, "is far the greatest advantage a parent can give." Still, if the money you want to give your grandchildren is fairlymodest, youprobably needn'tworryabouttheirturninginto lounge lizardsandfrittering awayyourhard-earned assets. And in that case, you may be able to use this advice from lawyers, accountants, and investment authorities on how to invest for one's grandchildren wisely and well. The Case for Gift Giving If you give away large sums ofmoney or valuable assets, you may owe Uncle Sam a "gift" tax. You . not the people who received the gifts. Still, abig benefitofyour givingmoney or otherassets to other people (like your grand- children) is that such gifts reduce the size of your estate, thus reducing potential taxes when you die. (Estate taxes are the taxes your survivors must pay to the government on your total assets after you die.) Uncle Sam allowsyoutogiveupto $10,000 to any individual each year without your owing any gift taxes. If your spouse shares your generosity, the two of you can bestow $20,000 upon any one person every year. Thismeansthattwosetsofgrandparentscan give achild $40,000 ayearwithout incurring gift taxes. In December, in fact, they can give a grandchild $40,000, and the follow- ing January another $40,000 for a total of Page20 December 1992/January1993 by Kieran F.McDonough $80,000 in just a few days. Of course you can give away more than $10,000 perperson ayear. But then youmay have to pay gift taxes -or you will use up your "lifetime unified credit". The unified credit allows anyone's estate or gifts to be exempt from taxes ifit's $600,000 or less -- $1,200,000 for a married couple. Here's an example of the savings: Your estate is worth $2.4million, including insur- ance policies. So, beginning this year, you and your spouse give $20,000 a yearto each of your three grandchildren. Ten years from now, you will have given away $600,000 -- tax free. You have also saved $286,000 in estate taxes. And that's not even taking into con- sideration any income appreciation on the $600,000 --which would have raised your estate-tax bill even higher. Another tip: Consider transferring your insurance to an irrevocable life-insurance trust, to keep it out of your estate and your spouses's. There'seven awayto give yourgrandchildren (or anyone else) unlimited amounts of money without you owing gift taxes. Pay your grandchild's educational expenses or medical benefits and pay the schools or physicians directly. Using Trusts Grandparents can also use a variety of trusts to make gifts to their grandchildren, escaping estate and other taxes along the way. Trusts can also protect the estate from creditors. And they can allow the grandpar- ents control overthe assetsuntil their grand- children are mature enough to handle the money. (A trust is a legal device that some- one creates to handle and transfer his or her assets.) But Martin A. Shenkman, author of The EstatePlanningGuide(JohnWiley & Sons, 1991), warns that "theuseoftrusts inestate- planning becomes more complex when the Cranberries beneficiaries are grandchildren instead of children." One such complication is where there are "generation-skipping transfers." This is where assets go to grandchildren, skippinga generation--namely, the children. Agrandparent thus avoids having his or her assets taxed again whenthe children die. Warning: A special tax may apply to generation- skipping transfers if the amount is over $1 million. In fact, combined gift-and generation- skipping taxes can exceed the amount ofthe gift. The most common arrangement is for the grandparents to pay one-third ofthe principal to their beneficiaries at ages 25, 30, and 35. "If the child squanders the money, gets caught in abad business deal, etc., there are more installments," Shenkman notes. He also recommends giving the trustees flexibility to pay the principal to the beneficiary sooner -for emergencies, as a down payment on a house or business, or other worthy purposes. What to Give What you give your grandchildren depends on the kinds of assets you have, what you can spare, your children's needs, your grandchildren's ages, and their needs. If your grandkids are very young, there's no question that you should give them stocks. Over the years, stocks have appreciated far more than bonds, gold and other precious metals, and even most real estate. In the 50-year period ending 1990, the Standard & Poor's 500 appreciated 11.6 percentayear. Bondsrose4.5percentayear; commercial real estate 7.5 percent; residen tial housing, 7.7 percent. (The Standard & Poor's 500: 500 stocks selected to represent the stock market as a whole, though the stocks tend to tilt toward giant companies.) True, a few investments actually returned even greater profits than the Standard & Poor's 500. A prime example is small com pany stocks. Grandparents who wantto give their grandchildren stocks (through atrust, or aUniform Gifts to Minor Account, or Uniform Transfers Bay w 1 < to Minors Account) should be careful, though. Investment advisors Coy , make two strong recommendations: P ollna ion Pollination · Give yourgrandchildrena diversity ofstocks. Not one or two or ten, even if the stocks are of famous and blue-blooded companies. anMM Give them a diversified portfolio ofstocks --a dozen or more, in IIIAlvetlIllt L different industries. It may even be better to give grandchildren equity mutual funds --where the grandchildren will obtain a share of perhaps 50 stocks in just one mutual fund and a professional manager to boot. speciaizg exclsively in Massachusettscranberrypollination ·Don'tbuy stocksforthematonefellswoop.Putting ahuge amount of money into the stock market all at once can be hazardous to your wealth: Stocks maybe very high priced just then. It would be better · Pollination service of SE Massachusetts. to buy stocks, or mutual funds, for your grandchildren a little at a . Special honeybee stock adapted to local time --"dollar cost averaging" it's called. That way, you will pay conditions. an average price for them --not an unusually high price. And . Hives on site for early and late bloom. someday your grandchildren may be grateful for your patience. . Hive strength guaranteed. Be sure to consult with your tax advisor before beginning a gift- giving program. This is especially important where there are Ready to meet your pollination needs. grandchildren under age 14. In 1992, the child pays tax at the parents rate for unearned income in excess of$1,200. A stock program for Rich Berndt Jr. this age group should emphasize capital appreciation and not P.O. Box 663 dividend income. East Freetown, MA 02717 (508) 644-3076 (KieranF.McDonoughisanAssociateVice-Presidentinthe Boston office ofPrudentialSecurities.) |I Kenneth Olson Com anyYhares RNeson, CLU New York Life The Compa You Keep New York Life P.O. Box I00 3610 Oakwood Mall Drive Black River Falls, WI 54615 Eau Claire, WI 54701 Bus. (715) 284-5168 Bus. (715) 834-4174 Family estate planning has been very important to cranberry growers in recent years. Ken and Chuck have been helping growers to develop plans which minimize income and estate taxes, provide liquidity to pay estate taxes, and make it possible to pass the family business on to the next generation while treating other family members fairly. Chuck has represented New York Life since 1969 and Ken since 1977. They do business with growers in Wisconsin as well as in Massachusetts and New Jersey. Thanks to their friends in Cranberryland, they are both members of the company's Chairman's Council, which represents the top 250 agents from a total agency force of 11,000. Cranberries December1992/January1993 Page21 Wisconsin Growers and University SUP F Personnel Meet TIIe Self-Cleaning Strainer Several styles of foot valves with Self-Cleaning Strainers. by Teryl Roper, UW-Madison 55 to 2,500 G.P.M. Leaders of the Wisconsin cranberry indus-cellor Shalala. Lunch was hosted by the trymetwithfaculty andadministrationfrom industry at the hunting lodge at City Point the University of Wisconsin-Madison on Cranberries. October 21. The tour, lead by Roger Wyse, After lunch the group viewed the wet newly appointed Dean of the College of harvestattheGottschalk marsh inCranmoor. Agricultural and Life Sciences, started at Chancellor Shalala and Dean Wyse donned patent no. Ocean Spray's Babcock receiving station boots and and went into the marsh to help 4822486 where they viewed the receiving and sorting "bring in the harvest". operations. UW-MadisonChancellorDonna Shalalajoined the group at City Point. This was not Dean Wyse's first glimpse of High and low pressure A plaque ofrecognition for the Gottschalk the cranberry industry; he first became ac-modelsavailable. family's support of the College of Agricul-quainted with cranberries while Associate ture was presented byDean Wyse and Chan-Dean at Rutgers University in New Jersey. The Cranberry Connection Your Favorite Sweatshis Presents Three original designs ask a question which is answered on one sleeve: BRINGING THE UNIVERSITY TO THE MARSH: UW-Madison Chancellor 1: "WHAT'SINABOG?" Donna Shalala helps push cranberries toward a conveyor at Gottschalk's 2 "WHAT'STHESCOOP?" Cranmore marsh. University officials spent a bright October day interacting "WHAT'S THE REEL THING?" 3. "WHAT'S THE REEL THING?" with cranberry industry leaders. (Cranberries photo by Teryl Roper.) Availablein: GRAY with Dark Red Letters. "HOWE-BERRY" RED with White Letters. I Y-BE RRY" 0....... .:I I"HOLL RED with White Letters ..............................- for children's sizes only. ADULT SIZES: S M L XL & XXL for $18 bll6l0l, 1993llOcelaln Spra |rerMarchll5llllanerryMaltin.. C... CHILDREN: S ML for $15 lolphin HoitelllOrlando lli.liilliilllllllllllilllilll Imprintedonfinequality50/50polyester/cotton. Massachu.9.t.in.er -| Allow 4-6 weeks for delivy. Send check or J.1.e money orderpayable to: PeIst~Mangemen4 Wareha Eilks Club, March 16, Wisconsin ~CranberrBoard, The CranberryConnection llSandwich Rdl Warelliam.lA llori-ll McMillanl MemorialLibrary, TheC/do lllgrower Wisconsin Anne Dunham llclil'IIIII~ente~d:0 illl lforuml )lsponsolredllllllllllllbyll.P.O. :. by Uaslsllllllelxllitlen-llllRapidslllllll Box 661,g sion. Registration$60lasslis.limite. to.Mrchl118..W.XlWCGA.sSouth Carver, MA 02366 athefirslltl50. ll rrHoingsworth,.nWisonin Me.i Rlld ___Deer 1JanuM Craig |D with ery llSchool, Page22 CranberriesDecember 1992/January1993 Beautiful Handcrafted 14K Gold Cape Cod Cranberry Scoop Pendant This beautifulsolid gold replicaofthe old wooden hand scoop comes complete with three genuine rubies set in the tines as cranberries,a truly uniquegift. $89.00 In Steri Silver... $24.95 '14K GoldChain...$25.00 14KGoldScoopSickPin... $115.00 .14KGoldScoopTac.. $109.00 Tie Pleasecall orwritefor Call with credit card or send check. $2.00 Shipping new Cape CodJewelry A l 4S4ea4 ee, io et . Collectioncatalogue. Rte. 28, Centerville, MA 02632 . (508) 771-3733 f^VU^U^2>t~bBC~ 5~~scc^~ *2" to 12" PVC Pipe with Fittings * Quick Couple Risers * Felker Aluminum Flumes & Culverts Replace old aluminum mains with government approved 4", 6"and 8" polyethylene pipe buried just below bog surface. No insert fittings. Rent our butt fusion welder for a continuous main line. Beat the high cost of custom installation by renting our small 4-wheel drive tractor with mole hole plow for buried laterals. STEARNS IRRIGATION, INC. Tel.746(508) 8 790 Federal Furnace Rd. Tel. (508) 746-6048 Plymouth, MA 02360 Cranberry Insects: A Portfolio by WalterZ Fort Know the insects! This rare a , portfolio of color photographs and summary of cranberry insect info-rmation will be of use to the negnawi a liftie.chusetts ow~ forll~ • cranberry grower for a lifetime, Available for $100, including • |•shipping. To order, send U.S. bank check or money order to: Cranberries, P.O. Box 858, South Carver, MA 02366 Massachusetts Cranberry Station and Field Notes Prepared by Irving E.Demoranville Extension Cranberry Specialist Personals Personals Dr.FrankCarusotraveledtoLansing,Michigan October 5-6 for a meetng on the Compendium of Cranberry and Blueberry Dis eases of which he is a co-author. He also attended the Annual Meeting ofthe NortheasternSectionoftheAmericanPhytopatho logical Society in Portland, Maine October 28-30. Dr. Robert Devlin attended a Weed Con|~ |Itrol RoundTable inTully,N.Y.,October 26 28. Hilary Sandler attended the Annual Meeting ofthe Northeastern Section ofthe American Phytopathological Society in Portland, Maine on October 28. Weather Octoberwas cool, averaging 2.4 degrees a day below normal. This was the coolest since 1988 and the fourth successive cool month. Maximum temperature was 69 degrees on the 3rd and 15th and minimum 29 degrees on the 28th. The last half of the month was cool, the first half was about normal except for cold days on the 1st, 5th and 6th. Rainfall totaled 2.21 inches, about 1.25 inch below normal. There were only eight days with measurable precipitation, with 1.12 (halfof the total) occurring on the 23|| 24th.We are about 4.5 inches below normal and 5.75 inches behind 1991. Frost and Harvest There were a total of 19 nights with frost warnings this fall: 5 in September and 14 in October. This is the largest number in many Harvest was very nearly complete by November 1st. It now appears that the Massacrop will be very close to the early estimates of 1,900,000 barrels. This will make it the 2nd largest. Color was very slow to develop in both Early Black and Howes, but was much better as harvest progressed. | Quality was very good to excellent. Early Black berries were small at the start of harvest, but sized up nicely after the first week. There was an outstanding crop of Howes. + Cranberries December1992/January1993 Page23 CHATSWORTH FESTIVAL IX HONORS THE CRIMSOM BERRY --Above, cultivars,fromthe"biggesttothesmall from the left, the Badolato girls, Catherine and Gina, enjoy a special treatat the est" were on display. festival --cranberry ice cream. To the right, Al Brick, Jr., fourth generation This year's cranfest also celebrated cranberrygrowerfromMedford, NewJersey, displays boxes ofhigh qualityfresh the legendary Blue Comet, Jersey berries on his truck. His berries were in high demand during the festival. Central's luxury passenger speed train The ninth annual cranberry festival was held October 17 and 18, on a cool, thattraveled through Chatsworth be sunnyweekend in Chatsworth, NewJersey. Cranberrybogtours allowed visitors tween 1928 and 1941 on its way from to see the colorful harvest. An extensive cranberrycuisine of cakes, breads, pies, Jersey City to Atlantic City. cookies, juice, jams, and diverse beef and poultry dishes were served. Cranberry A craft show, traditional dancing and _ folk music accompanied awidevariety of contests. The festival is sponsored Convert your Ranger, S-10, by the non-profit Chatsworth Club II. or any mini-truck into (Fran Brooks, NJ correspondent; ATRUERKI NG TRUCK! Cranberries photos by Frank Varkala.) VVO | A TRUE WORKI N G TRUCK! pl usaduaalLwW E A S E A NT ED : T h e ... . ....... l u-mi nu-bodl yx-?- Hi M t j ) ] 11 Experienced grower seeking ~~~I~~~~i~~~p iproducing bog in Massachusetts. Write: P.O. Box 270 tl"-I~~~~~~~ :~~~~ ~Carver, MA 02330 Fax: (508) 866-4172 The Scott-LITE aluminum body plus a dual wheel kit will make your vehicle into an economical work horse. RAYCOVIN ~~~~~~~~~~10 I*~~~~~~~~~ l Whetstone Dr. Middleboro, MA 02346 "Our Ranger and S10 have more floor space thn a full size pickup, but get 20+ MGP." (508) 946 -0439 It's STRONG, LIGHT-WEIGHT and GREAT LOOKING! Seting Customers Throughoutthe World with QualitySWEPCO Lubricants since 1932. For more information call or write: FodMacine as TRUCK CAPS UNLIMITED LubricantslUSDA H-2 Rated Rt 58 North Carver Rt 58 W. Wareham (508) 295-3727 SOUTHWESTERN PETROLEUM CORPORATION (508) 866-4546 (508) 295-3727 FORT WORTH, TEXAS 76101 USA Or Call Toll FREE 1-(800) 642-7121 (817) 332-2336 Page24 December 1992/Jauuary1993 Cranberries 3Winning Recipes WVVisconsin's Chocolate Cranberry Pie Ist Place, Fresh Fruit-WCarrolens, Wis(c.Cr Cranfest 19-inch unbaked pie crust Filling: 4 one-ounce squares semisweet chocolate 3/4 cup butter 3 eggs 2/3 cup granulated sugar 1 cup all-purpose flour 1/8 teaspoon salt 2-1/2 cups fresh or frozen cranberries 1/2 cup light brown sugar, firmly packed 1 cup coarsely chopped walnuts, divided 2 tablespoons cranberry brandy Topping: 1 cup whipping cream, whipped fresh whole cranberries chocolate leaves or chocolate curls ground cinnamon Heat oven to 425 degrees. Prepare filling: In small heavy saucepan over very low heat, melt chocolate and butter, stirring frequently until blended and smooth. Remove from heat; set aside to cool slightly. Meanwhile, in large bowl with electric mixer at medium speed, beat eggsuntillight; gradually beatin granulated sugar, flour and salt. Beat in chocolatemixture. Spreadcranberries evenly overbottom ofprepared crust. Sprinkle with brown sugar, 1/2 cup chopped walnuts and brandy. Pour chocolate filling over cran- berry mixture; sprinkle with remaining 1/2 cup nuts. Bake 8 minutes. Reduce oven temperature to 350 degrees. Bake 40 min- utes longer until filling is set in center and slightly puffed. Cool on wire rack. Prepare topping: In small bowl with elec- tric mixer at high speed, beat cream until stiffpeaks form. Swirl creaminspoonfulson top of cooled pie; decorate with fresh whole cranberries and chocolate leaves. Sprinkle with cinnamon. Yield: 8 to 10 servings. Bernice V. JanowskiofStevens Point, WI HARVEST TOUR: From left, Alberta Hopkins, Nell and Jean Sally take advantage of the Make it Better with Cranberries bake sale that follows the cooking contest, held Columbus Dayweekend in South Carver, Mass. (Cranberriesphoto.) Cranberry-Tomato-Onion Compote Ist Place, Relish, & Best of Show, Adult ChatsworthFestival II, N.J. Contest 1/2 cup pineapple juice 8 canned whole plum tomatos, sliced in half lengthwise, seeds removed, then diced into 1" chunks, about 1-1/2 cups 2 cups fresh cranberries, washed 1cup coarsely chopped sweet Spanish or Vidalia Onions 2 tablespoon butter 2/3 cup sugar 1 teaspoon ground ginger 1/2 teaspoon ground cloves In a 10 inch skillet, combine the pineapple juice, tomatos, cranberries, onions and but- ter. Bring to boiling. Combine sugar with ginger and cloves, add to the boiling mix- ture. Stir until sugar dissolves, then reduce heat to simmer. Cook covered with lid slightly ajar, stirring every 15 minutes or so for about an hour. Remove lid and simmer another 10-15 minutes to thicken. Cool; serve atroom temperature. For serving sug- gestion, serve in scooped out miniature pumpkins for a harvest dinner treat. Yield: 6 servings. CarolM. Granaldiof New Egypt, NJ CranberryYogurt Bread Ist place, Quick Breads Make It Better With Cranberries 1 cup flour 1 cup whole wheat flour 2/3 cup packed brown sugar 1/2 cup whole bran cereal 1 teaspoon baking soda 1/2 teaspoon salt 1/2 teaspoon ground nutmeg 1 egg beaten 1(6 ounce) carton light raspberry yogurt 1/2 cup pine nuts 1/4 cup milk 1/4 cup cooking oil 1 cup cranberry raspberry crushed fruit In large mixing bowl, stir together flours, sugar, bran cereal, baking soda, salt & nutmeg. Make a hole in the center. Combine egg, milk, yogurt, oil & crushed fruit in a small bowl. Add pine nuts. Add yogurt mixture all atonce to flour mixture. Stirjust until moistened. Pour into greased 8x4x2 inch loaf pan. Bake at 350 degreesabout 50-60 minutesor until awooden toothpick inserted near center comes out clean. Cool in pan for 10 minutes. Remove frompan. Makes one loaf. Ann MarieBriandofNew Bedford, Mass. Cranberries December1992/January1993 Page25 UMass Food Science Marks 75 Years The Lab, Not the Land, Seen as New England'sAgriculture Future Growth Area by Robert D.Chadbourne ew ofus have escaped the influence ofthe University ofMassachusetts' Department ofFood Science. Been in the Army? Ever eat GI rations? Ever use a cran- berry-colored product? Ever eat what tastes like crabmeat, but isn't? Yes, food science researched the GI rations and gave GIs in Desert Storm the improved MRE's (Meals-Ready-to-Eat). Yes, technology allows scientists to extract pigments for dyes from cranberries. Yes, unpopular "trash" fish serves as the base for the additives that produce a crabmeat analog. As the only university-based food science ofthis scope in New England, and the oldest in the nation, it is not surprising that the department paused on its 75th anniversary to look ahead. The conclusion: "The Campaign for Food Science" --a $1- million fundraising effort to infuse monies into new equipment purchase, lab updating, and student scholarships. "Two-and-a-half years ago we realized we couldn't keep up technically with what was going on, and instrumentally what was being done in labs. We were seeing a level of sophistication you don't see on university campuses," observes Dr. Fergus Clydes- dale, department head. "Traditional grants weren't the answer. The sources ofsuch grants want you tohave that sort ofthing before they give you a grant." Nor are the coffers of the money-strapped Commonwealth the likely source. Rather, Clydesdale opted for a campaign fund drive that first approached the department's 21-member advisory board (all alums, all at corporate VP level) which kicked offthe effortwith $200,000 in donations. Tapping the department's 1000 alums, and offering suggested specific donations to corporations to meet specific needs, will follow. Clydesdale is clear on where he sees food science going. Growth is certain. The most recentKiplingerAgricultureNewsletterreports there are 15 percent more food science positions than there are qualified people to fill them. Secondly, although UMass is a public university, with first priorityto servingthe students, Clydesdale sees aclose secondary role ofresponsibilitytoestablishlinkagesthatwill aid economic development, and hence create jobs, in the state. "Universities are no longer public. They're really 'quasi-public'. They're public in the Midwest where there are fewer private colleges and more public support to such academic departments, but that is less the case in the northeast," says Clydesdale. To Clydesdale, the economic advantage that will translate into jobs for New England lies in the total addressing of "value-added" approaches. Page26 December 1992/January1993 Cranberries "If you take some cranberries, sell some for juice, others to mix with otherjuices, others to have ingredients extracted for flavorings and color pigments, and still others to freeze-dry into 'craisins' suddenly you've got a lot ofproducts nobody else has," explains Clydesdale. "New England simply can't compete with raw prod ucts. Cranberries can be grown in Wisconsin and Canada and those regions have more land." Instead he envisions leading New England to a manufacturing base in which the product is food, but not food that requires large acresoranideal climatetoproduce. Asanexamplehepointstofish waste ("gurry"). In 1990, the EPA ruled that fish processing plants could no longer dump waste at sea. Within a short period UMass faculty and students had developed a method of processing fish waste into organic fertilizer, and today three Massachusetts plants produce the product. "In the old days, we stressed extension service to farmers. In the new age we need extension to service industry," says Clydesdale. Food Science is demonstrating its "linkage" to industry by making its labs and processing plants available for some 40 days annually to any firm that wants to explore moving from the growing to the processing of an agriculture produce. Also, the department is now offering a masters degree program to 18 Ocean Spray employ ees, right in their own labs. "We send faculty down, the university makes a little money, our faculty, who haven't had raises for a long time get stipends, continuing ed takes a little, and it's a win-win situation," says Clydesdale. "This 'Campaign for Food Science' will provide the money for a margin ofexcellence in the food science program that will allow it to meet the scientific demands of the next century," said Dr. Lawrence Kuzminski, vice president of research and engineering for Ocean Spray, chairman ofthe advisoryboard's endowment fund sub-committee. In this economy, the funds to be earmarked for scholarships and financial aid is critically needed, he noted. The department itself has achieved its proud record with very frugal means. A faculty ofnine is beefed up by five unpaid retired professors emeritus, who report to work faithfully, serving as adjunct professors publishing papers, researching industry ques tions, and generally contributing to a national visibility. "On the one hand, it can be difficult to gain the cooperation to be able to make these kinds of changes, although often people stumble onto things themselves. Ifyou grow raspberries and sell some, then one day decide to process some into jam to sell to tourists for $6 a jar, youunderstand 'value-added' perfectly,'" laughs Clydesdale. + fC~~~^X^~ X_f^^ X H^^~X water soluble trace ^~ ^Individual elements are available. Com^^^^ y X_^i B^eU patible with most insecticides Bf^^^ W^^^f^^ f g / / and fungicides. Our many years of experi ...that's what profits do when elements for complete plant ence go into every formulation you use Campbell's Gro-nutrition. Perfect for foliar and we sell. It assures your blend is GreenTM in your program. clog-free irrigation use. Avail-right for your job. Our water soluble fertilizers able in many custom blends so So let your profits "grow." De- contain chelated trace it's right for your crops and soil. pend on us for all of your fer tilizer and plant food needs. Manufacturers of water soluble and liquid fertilizer for "everything that grows" H. D. Campbell Company ^fl^^ I I\ ~f qt W-( <eR238K^_^ N. 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Beaton (508) 295-2222 (508) 888-1288 (508) 295-2207 (508) 947-3601 Complete line of portable Crisafulli Pumps 2" -16" I S ilSI Plastic netting for suction boxes Take Good Care of Yourself Have an Ocean Spray! ~i ii ;~i : •i:: 0: ii .. .d... , . t:d~t!00tSX0f:;000.CE .^. . : iI * f 1 i ^R iSS j,~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~i~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~iS.LLE~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ,^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~:::: .SS ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ fame' rig Theiii:: coprtveta o AnBd~~3 Employe Eqa Qporunt The farmer's cooperative that brings you awide range of natural fruit juices, drinks and sauces Ocean Spray Cranberries, Inc., Lakeville-Middleboro, MA 02349 An Equal Opportunity Employer Cranberries -The National Cranberry Magazine -link page Cranberries -The National Cranberry Magazine -link page PREVIOUS.............Cranberries -The National Cranberry Magazine November, 1992 NEXT................Cranberries -The National Cranberry Magazine February, 1993 GO TO INDEX
|Title||Cranberries - The National Cranberry Magazine, 1992-12|
|Subject||Cranberries - The Magazine;|
|Rights||2008 Wetherby Cranberry Library;|
|Submitting Institution||Wetherby Cranberry Library;|
|Coverage-Spatial||Massachusetts; New Jersey; Wisconsin; Oregon; Washington; Canada|
|Creator||Bob Taylor; Carolyn Gilmore; Carolyn Laban; Irving Demoranville; Phillip E. Marucci; Elizabeth G. Carpenter; I. V. Hall; Arthur Poole; Azmi Y. Shawa, Tod D. Planer; Dan Brockman; Joan E. Humphrey|
|Date Last Updated||2008-11-10|
|Relation||Cranberries - The National Cranberry Magazine|
|Description||The magazine entitled, “Cranberries – The National Cranberry Magazine,” describes grower information, regional news, and developments in the cranberry industry in the United States and Canada.|
|Description||For more photographs like this one, visit the Cranberry Library Photostream on Flickr at: http://www.flickr.com/photos/cranberrylibrary/sets/|
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NEW RELEASE ----Two Limited Edition prints by Robert Duff These prints
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